Useful and therapeutic properties of Polygonum pochechuynogo ( pochechuynogo grass)
family Polygonaceae - Polygonaceae
generic name - see Highlander snake..The specific definition in a translation from Latin - Peach - because of the similarity of the leaves of this plant with leaves of a peach.
Botanical description.Annual herb with a thin subramose taproot.Stems erect or slightly ascending, 20-50 cm tall, with slightly thickened nodes.Leaves alternate, sessile, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, entire, at base ostroklinovidnye with dark brown spots, sometimes without them.Bells ciliated and covered with appressed hairs.The flowers are pink, rarely whitish, collected in dense spicate inflorescence at the top of the stem and axillary branches.Perianth without glands.Fruit - broadly, black, flat, lenticular or triangular nuts.
Flowering and fruiting from July to autumn.
Geographical distribution.It grows in wet meadows, along rivers and reservoirs is sometimes found as a weed in gardens, the furrows, the raw forest
roads in the European part of the USSR, in the Caucasus, where they
collection and drying.Gather the grass, cutting off a sickle or knife leafy flowering shoots of the plant up to 40 cm, without the lower, coarse stems.When the thick herbage plants can be mowed scythe.Several well-developed plants are left for seed multiplication.
gather herbs carefully sorted, rejecting foreign plants and plant Polygonum pochechuynogo with yellowed leaves and insect infestation, and immediately dried, laying a thin layer of grass under the eaves, in attics or in the dryer at a temperature of 40-50 °.After drying, secondary raw materials are sorted, casting plant with brownish, blackened or yellowed leaves.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass mountaineer pochechuynogo (pochechuynaya grass) - Herba Polygoni per-sicariae consists of flowering and leafy stalks up to 40 cm without rough neolistvennyh and lower parts (leaves and flowers described structure).On the upper side of the leaf is often noticeably pale in drying dark spot.The length of the leaves 12-16 cm, width 1.5-2.5 cm. The smell is absent, taste bitter.Immature nuts biconvex, plano-convex, rarely triangular.
FS 42-414-72 allows moisture no more than 13%;Grass that has lost normal color, no more than 10%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve with a hole diameter of 2 mm, not more than 5% of organic impurities are not more than 3%;mineral - no more than 1%.
as organic impurities may be other non-poisonous plants and, above all, similar to grass pochechuynoy mountaineers.Most often inexperienced collectors collect knotweed grungy - Polygonum scabrum Moench.It differs in that it leaves from the bottom have numerous dark-brown dots (glands), and the young are covered with numerous hairs pressed.Cilia on the edge of the socket is not available or they are very short.Perianth whitish or greenish yellow glands (under the microscope).Nuts biconcave.
Highlander knotted - Polygonum nodosum Pers.has a red or spotted stem, leaves from the bottom with dot glands, sockets naked short cilia, the flowers are white or pink, inflorescence elongated, drooping.Nuts biconcave.
chemical composition.Pochechuynaya herb contains flavonoids (avikulyarin, giperozid, kvertsitrin and others), 1.5% of tannins, antraglikozidy, vitamins C and K, traces of essential oil, organic acids, mucus, calcium oxalate (as friends), P-sitosterol, etc..
action and application.Pochechuynaya grass has a mild laxative effect, because increases peristalsis, increases diuresis, promote blood clotting, exhibits hypotensive effect.
Used for hemorrhoids, especially in patients with atonic constipation, as an infusion of 20 g per 200 ml of water 2-3 tablespoons per reception before the meal.