Useful and therapeutic properties of Knotweed ( knotweed , bird crap , kitchen herbs )

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

family Polygonaceae - Polygonaceae

generic name - see Highlander snake..Species definition is translated from Latin means "bird" as the grass readily eaten by birds, especially geese, but they love it, and other animals, especially pigs.

Botanical description.Annual herb with a thin taproot.Stems are round, thin, spreading, nodular, usually branched from the base length of 10-60 cm. Leaves alternate, elliptic or lanceolate with a blunt tip.Bells whitish, filmy.The flowers are small, in the inflorescence is not separated, collected tufts of 2-5 in the leaf axils.Perianth green at the bottom and the top of the white or pink.Fruit - small nut.

Flowering and fruiting from July to late autumn.

Geographical distribution.It grows along roadsides, hiking trails, in the villages along the streets unpaved, in ditches, pastures.Distributed

almost the entire territory of the USSR except the Far North, deserts and semi-deserts.

collection and drying.Gather the herb during flowering - usually during the summer

, cutting off the aerial parts of a knife, and when dense thickets - a sickle or scythe.Cut the plants are sorted, removing extraneous admixture plants.Dry quickly in attics, sheds or outdoors in the shade, laying a thin layer and periodically ted.When drying in a dryer temperature should be 50-60 °.Drying is considered complete when the stems become brittle.Desiccate impossible, as this leads to increased fineness in packaging.The dried grass sort, discarding darkened and yellowed pieces.

medicinal raw materials.Grass Knotweed (knotweed) - Herba Polygoni avicularis olist consists of a thin-governmental branched light green stems cranked up to 40 cm from the leaves and flowers of the structure described.The smell is weak, slightly astringent taste.

42-62-72 FS allows the moisture is not more than 13%;parts of herbs that have lost normal color, no more than 3%;roots of less than 2%;organic and mineral impurities is not more than 2%.

chemical composition.Grass knotweed contains flavonoids (avikulyarin, quercetin, kaempferol, Miri-Cetinje, izoramnetin, luteolin, quercetin-3-arabino-Zid), coumarin (scopoletin and umbelliferone), 0.19% of tannins, saponins, vitamin C (up to 887 mgper 100 g dry mass), carotene, volatile alkaloid, pectin, silicic acid compounds, organic acids, traces of essential oils and other polysaccharide complex.

Action and use.Grass knotweed causes uterine contractions, accelerates blood clotting speed, increases urine output, shows the hypotensive effect, increases the amplitude of the respiratory movements.In Russian folk and scientific medicine believe that long-term use of grass, especially in combination with other diuretics in fees, renal calculi may be crushed, turning into sand.This is apparently due to the fact that the surface cracks are formed due to the dissolution of uric acid salts.

Apply a decoction of raw '20 200 ml

water 1 tablespoon 3 times daily before meals for the treatment of uterine (atony, heavy menstruation) and hemorrhoidal bleeding.Included in the many duties.