Useful and therapeutic properties of the spring adonis ( Adonis , Montenegrin )
buttercup family - Ranunculaceae
generic name given to the plant by the beauty of a flower in honor of the beautiful youth Adonis, Aphrodite's favorite.Species definition is translated from Latin means "spring" as Adonis blooms in early spring.
Botanical description.Perennial herb with short many-headed rhizome is brownish-black in color, which runs numerous subramose, threadlike roots.Stems grows more each year.They are simple or slightly branched, erect, and the boundary rejected in part, the flower buds are located on very short shoots from the ground, at the beginning of flowering stems reach a height of 5-20 cm, but as the flowering and the fruit lengthened to 30-40 cm.The leaves are alternate, in outline broadly, palcha-torassechennye into narrow segments.Shoots in the flowering period bare.The flowers are located at the tips of shoots, solitary, 4-6 cm in diameter.Sepals 5, at least - to 8. The buds are reddish-purple, then green.Petals 12-20, bright yellow, golden, they are oblong or oblong-ob
Blossoms in March - May, fruits ripen in June - July.
Gorytsvit ektoendotrofnuyu mycorrhiza forms: fungal threads are not only surrounded by the roots in the suction zone, but also penetrate into the root cells.Only in the presence of mycorrhizal plant develops normally, but even in this case, very slowly.Maximum development adonis up to 40-50 years.
seeds germination acquire only after 10 to 12 years, making it difficult cultivation of this plant.
Geographical distribution.It grows on black earth soils in the mixed grass steppes, on the edge of forests, among shrubs.It is found in the Ukraine, the North Caucasus, the Volga region, Bashkiria, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Omsk, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions.The main areas are blanks in the Ukraine, in the Crimea, the Northern Caucasus, the Volga region and Western Siberia.
collection and drying.Gather the grass Adonis in late flowering to start fruiting, when the plant accumulates the maximum glycosides, and the activity of its maximum.
cut stems at a height of 10-15 cm from the soil surface, leaving a portion not to damage the plant, and some large bushes for seed multiplication.You can not pull up plants by the roots.With such a reception predatory collection need to wage the most resolute struggle.Subject to the rules at one site collection can be made 1 time in 3-4 years.
collected grass is dried quickly in attics, under eaves or in the dryer at a temperature of 50-60 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass spring adonis (Herba Adonidis vernalis) consists of a leafy stem 10-35 cm long leaves with five segments, of which 2 are lower pinnate, and the top three dvazhdyperistorassechennye..There are oval, gray-green nuts with a short hook-shaped beak.Their surface is wrinkled, pubescent.Fruitlets are of great diagnostic value in determining the authenticity of raw materials.Flowers or buds in the raw materials are rare.The smell is weak.
Art.GF 321 X admits a moisture content of not more than 13%;Ash not more than 10%;brownish pieces no more than 3%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve having a mesh width of 0.5 mm, no more than 2%;shares crumbled leaves no more than 5%;plants with stems that have brown scaly leaves, not more than 2%;Organic impurities are not more than 2%;mineral - not more than 0.5%.
Chemical soetav.Grass spring adonis contains 25 cardiac glycosides (cardenolides), the most important of which are adonitoksin, tsimarin, K-strofantin, atsetiladonitoksin, adonitoksol Ver-nadigin.There Genins (3 strofantidin, verse dogenin-acetyl-strofadogenin).
Besides cardiac glycosides contain flavonoids: adonivernit, vitexin, gomoadonivernit, also found phytosterol, alcohol and other adoiit
Assess the quality of raw materials biologically, testing its effect on frogs or cats..Standard raw material should have 50-60 active ice or 6,3-8,0 CUD.Raw material having a greater activity for the preparation of medicines used in smaller amounts respectively.
action and application.Apply adonis usually with milder forms of chronic cardiovascular failure, when vegetodistonii and neuroses.For this purpose it can be used herbal infusion of 6.0-10.0 g per 200 ml of water.Adults appoint 1 tablespoon infusion at the reception;children - depending on age - 1/2 - 1 teaspoon or dessert spoon 3-4 times a day.Infusion of herbs adonis is a part of medicine spondylitis.
Preparations adonis (dry extract, adonizid) combined with drugs valerian, motherwort and bromides.