Useful and therapeutic properties of Elecampane
family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Asteraceae
Inula - the ancient name of the plant.The specific definition is given by the name of Helen - daughter of Zeus (in Greek mythology), of the tears which the plant grew.Russian name is derived from "nine forces", which endowed him in Russia.
Botanical description.Perennial herbaceous plant with high many-headed rhizome, which runs a few thick and thin adventitious roots.Stem erect, in height 100- 150 cm, grooved, covered with short hairs, simple, and only at the top, branching, end baskets.Leaves alternate, lower large, up to 50 cm, lanceolate to long petioles, upper - sessile, ovate and prodolgovatoyaytsevidnye.The edge of the sheet is unevenly serrated.Leaf blades green above, slightly pubescent, bottom - velvety tomentose.The flowers are yellow, collected in many large baskets 7-8 cm in diameter.Marginal flowers ligulate, median -
tube.Involucre -mnogoryadnaya of imbricate leaves.Fruit - four-sided brown achene with a tuft, which is twice as long as her.
Flowers in July - September.The fruits ripen in August - September.
Geographical distribution.In Belarus grows along the banks of rivers, lakes, in wet meadows, among bushes, in deciduous forests.Especially common in the black earth zone of the European part of the USSR, the Ukraine (except the Carpathians), in Moldova, in the North Caucasus, Transcaucasia, as well as some regions of Kazakhstan and Central Asia.Elecampane is very popular among the people and it is often grown in gardens, especially to the north of the black earth zone, where it often runs wild.
main areas blanks are Krasnodar and Stavropol regions.
collection and drying.Sobirakt entire underground portion of elecampane in August - the month of October or in early spring when the first leaves appear it.Plants dug with shovels, shake off the ground, cut the stems, or break off from their place of attachment to the rhizome.Underground organs promptly washed with water and cut to a length of 3-20 cm, cut off the roots of a thickness less than 0.5 cm in order to quickly restore the thickets a few pieces of the rhizome, on top of which there is the resumption of the kidney, buried in the ground, not buried them -. The upper part of the kidneyIt should be covered with earth no more than 1-2 cm. With the same purpose in the area of 10-15 m2 leave one good development of plants for seed multiplication.
Dry collected materials sheds, barns, attics or in the dryer at a temperature not higher than 50 ° as long as the roots (as thicker) will be solid, and the roots - brittle.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - the rhizome and root of Elecampane (Rhizoma et radix Inulae) is a mixture of formless rhizomes and roots of the cylindrical length of 2 to 20 cm and a thickness of 0.5 to 3 cm, outside prodolnomelkomorschinistyh, very hard, gray-brown color.On the fresh fracture clearly visible brownish brilliant points (containers with a resin and an essential oil).This is particularly felt a kind of fragrant smell.Taste - spicy, bitter.
GOST 15056-69 allows the moisture is not more than 13%;Ash not more than 10%;content flabby roots and rhizomes, stems, bases and other parts of elecampane no more than 5%;darkened in the fracture of the roots and rhizomes of not more than 5%;pieces less than 2 cm is not more than 5% in length;Organic impurities are not more than 0.5%;mineral impurities are not more than 1%.
Raw, penned late spring, when grow large leaves or stems appear, flabby contains rhizomes and roots, and in the slow drying of raw material collected in a timely manner changes the natural color of it.This is a poor-quality raw materials.
chemical composition.The rhizomes and roots of Elecampane contains 1-3% essential oil, the main component of which is a sesquiterpene alantolakton, in addition, contains izoalantolakton, digidroalantolakton, alantol, have resin to 44% inulin, organic acids, stigmasterol and others. The essential oil elecampane atroom temperature has the form of a yellowish crystalline mass, which is called geleninom.
action and application.Water extract of the roots and rhizomes elecampane (5.10 g per 200 ml water) possess anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, expectorant, choleretic and mild diuretic action, also reduces intestinal motility, reduce gastric acid secretion, improving appetite.It is believed that the main active ingredient is alantolakton elecampane and the accompanying essential oil terpenoids.Related substances complement and extend the range of its actions.
Therefore elecampane mainly finds application in diseases of the respiratory tract (tracheitis, bronchitis, cough with sputum production);gastrointestinal tract (gastritis with increased secretion, enterocolitis, diarrhea non-infectious origin, in the absence of appetite, hemorrhoids);liver and skin diseases (infectious nature) and difficult healing wounds (not soak).Alantolakton acts on ascarids about 25 times stronger than santonine.Recom mended
well as irregular and painful menstruation.A beneficial effect in diseases of the kidneys and liver, as well as hemorrhoids.
root decoction is prescribed for rinsing with inflammation of the gums, in the treatment of difficult to heal, but not moist wound externally in the form of washes, lotions, compresses, baths.In the latter case, a 100 g roots, are boiled in 1 liter of water, insist 4 hours carefully filtered through cotton.
.allanton Tablets are used for stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers.
roots and rhizomes elecampane are part of the commission appointed by dry pleurisy, asthma, heart, prostate, ulcerative colitis, cholangitis, epilepsy, Graves' disease, cystitis.Used in folk medicine for the treatment of rheumatism, diabetes, dropsy, eczema and other skin diseases.