Useful and therapeutic properties of Melilotus officinalis

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Families of Legumes - Fabaceae

generic name in Latin - "clover honey", because the grass is a good honey plant, and the leaves of the plant are the same as in clover.The generic definition means "pharmacy" - the drug (in contrast to other species of this genus).

Botanical description.Biennial herb with a taproot.Stem erect, branched, 0.5-1.5 m tall. The leaves are trifoliate with two lanceolate stipules.Leaflets oblong-obovate or elliptic with serrated edges.The flowers are yellow, collected in apical and axillary numerous brush.They butterfly not large - 7.5 mm.Fruits - bare beans, short, oval, top with subulate cusp.

Flowers in June - August;fruits ripen from July until late autumn.

Along with this kind of use and tall clover - Melllotus altissimus Thuill, which is characterized by larger flowers with pubescent cup, beans with sparse hairs..

Unused widespread white sweet clover -. Melilotus albus Medik, whose flowers are white.

Geographical distribution.It grows in vacant lots, roadsides, and on

the upland steppe meadows.It occurs as a weed in fallow fields, young shelterbelts.Distributed throughout the European part of the USSR, in the middle and southern Urals, Western Siberia.In Belarus, often forms thickets.

Given the small demand for medicinal raw material harvested is limited only by Ukraine.

collection and drying.Collect during flowering tops and side shoots up to 30 cm with a thickness of a stalk not more than 3 mm, cutting them with a knife, a sickle or scissors.Dry in attics, in a well-ventilated areas, under the eaves.When drying plant acquires a strong and distinctive smell, which is often compared to the smell of fresh hay, but, on the contrary, the hay smells sweet clover.

medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass clover (Herba Meliloti) consists of leafy and flowering tops and lateral branches described structure.Leaflets on the edge of a jagged teeth 10-13 in clover drug with 8-20 teeth in tall clover.Flowers are yellow, bell-shaped calyx, quinquedentate remaining in fruit, naked - from sweet clover drug and pubescent - in tall clover.Sometimes there are unripe fruits with one, rarely two seeds.The smell fragrant (coumarin), taste bitter.

GOST 14101-69 allows the moisture is not more than 14%;Ash not more than 10%;stem diameter of 3 mm is not more than 2%;dropouts through a sieve with holes with a diameter of 0.5 mm to 5%;yellowed, browned and blackened parts of the plants are not more than 2%;Organic impurities are not more than 1%;mineral impurities are not more than 0.5%.

to the organic impurities are part of other plants and other types of clover.White sweet clover is characterized by the color of flowers and clover gear - Melilotus dentatus Pers.for a greater number of teeth on the pieces of paper.

chemical composition.Grass clover contains 0.4- 0.9% coumarin, which gives the smell of raw prgchy (in fresh grass contains glycoside kumari-

gene) digidrokumarin - melilotin same smell, and melilotovuyu coumaric acid melilotozid glycoside, flavonoids, derivativespurine, fat-like substances, proteins, traces of essential oils and others.

Action and use.Topical infusion of herbs from '30 raw material per 200 ml of water in the form of lotions, baths and compresses are used for boils, abscesses, mastitis and rheumatism.In order to accelerate the "maturation" boil consume oil in sunflower oil extract, which is prepared by macerating for 3 hours on a water bath of 1 part herb indented with 9 parts of sunflower oil and then filtered hot through a cotton plug.

In many publications about medicinal plants suggest the use of clover in various diseases in the form of infusions and decoctions in Domashov conditions.This should not be done, because it is not safe.Especially dangerous is combined with the appointment of drugs that lower blood clotting, particularly with synthetic anticoagulants.