Useful and therapeutic properties of Melilotus officinalis ( angelica drug )
Umbelliferae (celery) - Apiaceae
generic name and specific definition in Greek means "angel archangel", as the Christian myth of the divine spirit brought angelica root in the ground, which then began to treat plague.
Botanical description.Perennial or biennial herbaceous plant with a short thick rhizome vertical, which runs thin adventitious roots and one or two thick rod.When breaking fresh root visible whitish or yellowish dots - containers.Stem erect, branched at the top, inside a hollow, 1-2,5 m in height. The leaves are alternate double- or trizhdyperistorassechennye, hollow petioles round, which expanded at the base of the vagina.Upper leaves with small plates sitting on a heavily swollen vagina.Segments ovate leaf with serrated edges and often with three sharp blades.
flowers are inconspicuous whitish or yellowish-greenish, collected in nearly spherical cyme no total involucre.Private obvertochki consist of linear or subulate leaflets.
Fruit - visloplodnik, disintegrating when ripe two polup
Flowers in June - August, the fruits ripen in July - September.
Geographical distribution.It grows along rivers, streams, lakes for water meadows, among bushes, on glades and fringes swampy forests.
plants are especially favorable for open spaces rich in humus and soil moisture.Distributed throughout the European part of the Soviet Union, except the steppe zone, the main areas are blanks in the Voronezh Region and Bashkiria.Widely found in Belarus, particularly in the peatlands.
collection and drying.Collect rhizomes and roots at different times: the plants the first year of life, which have only a rosette of leaves, - in August - October, and the plants of the second year of life, which have stem - in the spring.The plant is dug out, shake off the ground with a knife cut the entire aboveground part, wash, then thick rhizomes and roots are cut lengthwise.
dried in the open air, making the room at night, or in attics, barns, sheds.When drying in a dryer temperature must not exceed 30-35 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - rhizome and angelica root drug (Rhizoma et radix An-gelicae) consists of short conical ringed rhizome 6-8 cm long with the waste from these multiple longitudinally-wrinkled, slightly hilly adventitious roots length of 15-25 cm and a thickness of 0.20.7 cm. The break rhizomes smooth, smooth.Colour outside brown or reddish-gray, in fracture white or slightly yellow.The smell strong, specific, fragrant, growing by grinding;taste spicy, slightly bitter, slightly burning.
GOST 21569-76 allows the moisture is not more than 14%;Ash not more than 14%;rhizome with the remains unseparated leaves no more than 5%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with holes with a diameter of 10 mm, not more than 3%;organic and mineral impurities are not more than 1%.
to the organic impurities are the roots of other non-poisonous plants and especially forest angelica - Angelica sylvestris L., whose roots have an unpleasant odor.From angelica medicinal plant otlichaeteya that has whitish flowers, collected in corymbose cyme.
chemical composition.The rhizomes and roots of Angelica drug contain up to 1% essential oil, which includes phellandrene, pinene, borneol, chi-mole and other terpenoids, as well as numerous
coumarins: osthol, ostenol, umbelliprenin, ksantotok-hsing, imperatorin, angelicin,arhangellitsin, umbelli-Fearon et al. there are tannins, organic acids and others.
action and application.The essential oil of angelica and coumarins have diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect, increase the secretory and motor function of the intestine, inhibit the fermentation process, relieve spasms.
is used in flatulence, as an antispasmodic agent in spasms of smooth muscles of the stomach, intestines, etc., as the appetite stimulant, diaphoretic for colds, expectorant -. Bronchitis.Assign an infusion of raw materials in '10 by 200 ml of water 2-3 tablespoons "spoon 3-4 times a day after meals.