Useful and therapeutic properties rhineberry

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

family rhamnaceae - Rhamnaceae

generic name translated from Greek means "spiny bush", as the plant has thorns.The specific definition in a translation from Latin - "laxative" (for the fruit of action).

Botanical description.Dioecious shrub, rarely tree, up to 3-5 (8) m tall with spreading crown.Branches opposite branches and end with prickles.The leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate-elliptic or pointed with serrated edges.From the main vein fade 3, at least 4 pairs of arched lateral veins (unlike buckthorn olhovidnoy).

Flowers four-term, same-sex.Calyx in-ronkovidno-belled with chetyrehlopastnym fold.Corolla greenish, 4 petals shorter than sepals it.The male flowers stamens 4, in women - with a pestle chetyrehlopastnym stigma.Ovary superior, chetyrehgnezdnaya.Fruit - spherical, shiny, almost black, juicy drupe chetyrehsemyannaya.

Blossoms in May - June, fruits ripen in August - September.They are formed only on the female counterparts, and for a long time do not crumble.

Geographical distribution.

It grows in dry open places among thickets of shrubs, occurs as undergrowth in deciduous forests, on the edge of the oak woods, forest edges, on the rocky slopes of the mountains.In the mountain gorges of the Caucasus and Central Asia often forms large thickets.Distributed in the central and southern zone of the European part of the USSR, except for the North Caucasus.The northern boundary of its range passes through the city of Leningrad, Moscow, Gorki, Kirov and Perm.East comes to the Urals in Chelyabinsk region.South passes through the city of Rostov-on-Don, Volgograd, Uralsk and Aktobe.West - coincides with the state border of the USSR.In the Caucasus rhineberry found in the foothills and in the Caucasus.In Belarus, common in floodplain oak forests.

In western and southern Caucasus common zhoster Imereti - Rhamnus imeretina Booth.

Its fruits are not used, but the bark is used on a par with the bark of buckthorn olhovidnoy.

collection and drying.Collect quite mature fruits without peduncle in September - October, tilting branches and plucking fruit of her hands.You can not break off or cut off a branch, as this plant is suffering from.

Dried fruits in furnaces or kilns at a temperature of 50-60 spilling them with a layer thickness of 2-3 mm, and are often mixed.

medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - zhostera fruits (Fructus Rhamni catharticae) - rounded, with a wrinkled surface, shiny, almost black fruits 5-8 mm in diameter.In the lower part of the stalk is often the residue or mark on the place of its attachment.The brown pulp are 4, 3, rarely dark brown triangular shaped bone.The smell is weak, unpleasant;taste bitter.

Art.GF 292 X admits a moisture no more than 14%;Ash not more than 4%;immature fruits are not more than 4%;burnt fruit no more than 5%;fruit and twigs extraneous not more than 2%;mineral impurities are not more than 0.5%.

From foreign fruits are the most common fruits buckthorn olhovidnoy - Frangula alnus Mill.They are black, non-shiny, matte finish.Taste the sweet pulp.The bones of two, rarely one or three cartilaginous outgrowth coracoid.

chemical composition.zhostera fruits contain antraglikozidy causing their action, flavonoids, pectin and others.

action and application.Antraglikozidy zhostera and their cleavage products (mainly emodin and CXR-zofanovaya acid) irritate the bowel nerve endings, increase peristalsis, benefits tively thick card, and speed of its movements, have a mild laxative effect without side effects.The fruit is used for atonic and spastic constipation.bowel movement occurs within 10 hours after ingestion.Assign a decoction of raw materials in '20 by 200 ml of water 1-2 tablespoons in the morning and evening.