Useful and therapeutic properties of strawberry timber
Rosaceae family - Rosaceae
generic name is mentioned by the ancient authors.It is derived from the Latin verb fragere - fragrance (from the pleasant smell of fruits).
Species definition is translated from Latin means "small", "small" because of the size of the fruit.
Botanical description.Perennial herb with a short rhizome and kosorastuschim creeping shoots, which are rooted, give rise to new plants.The leaves are trifoliate, located on the short shoot and form a rosette.Flowers are white, gathered in corymbose inflorescences at the apex of peduncle devoid of leaves.Calyx with epicalyx, 5 outer sepals and 5 interior.Corolla with 5 white petals.Stamens and pistils much.Fruit - red false berry, with a subtle pleasant aroma, which sit on the surface of fruitlets-achenes.
Blossoms in May - June.The fruits ripen in June - July.
Geographical distribution.It grows almost the entire territory of the USSR.It occurs in forest edges, clearings, where it is especially abundant in the forests on the slopes of
collection and drying.Gather leaves with a short residue or without stem it, so as not to damage the plant, tear, with one hand on the petiole, or cut with a knife or scissors.Collect all the leaves can not be, as this will damage the fruiting and the fruit of the strawberry are especially appreciated and deliver people are not only fun, but also improve health.
As a medicinal plant harvested fruits and strawberries.
Fresh fruit in the form of slurry is now recommended (on the advice of MA Nosal) for the treatment of eczema in combination
with other agents.And they are typically dried in ovens at temperatures not exceeding 60 ° C.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - strawberry leaf Folium Fragariae consists of crumpled and collapsed, whole or in part, of broken leaf.They are complex to the remainder of the stem is no longer than 1 cm, consisting of three leaflets length from 1.5 to 6 cm, a width of 1.6 to 4 cm. Ovoid Leaflets with a toothed edge.On the downside, they stand out sharply against the yellowish main and lateral veins of the first order.
leaves on top with a few hairs from below - more pubescent.The color of the top green or dark green, bottom - grayish or bluish green.The smell is weak, the taste astringent.
FS 42-134-72 allows the moisture content of no more than 13%;dropout through a sieve with a hole diameter of 3 mm is not more than 5%;browned and blackened leaves no more than 2%;leaves with remnants of petioles longer than 1 cm of not more than 5%;other parts of the strawberry, flowering stems, fruits, etc. less than 5%.;Organic impurities are not more than 1%.
as organic impurities can meet part of the other non-poisonous plants and leaves of green strawberries, or polunitsy, - Fragaria viridis Duch.It grows in the southern belt of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Siberia and Central Asia.
The leaves of this plant are larger, dark-green, glossy, both sides are covered with shiny hairs, especially on veins below.
second raw material - strawberry fruit (Fructus Fragariae) consists of the egg-shaped red or brownish-red, with a wrinkled surface of the false fruit, which is often incorrectly referred to as "berries".On their surface are clearly visible fine, dry, oblong-conical achenes.
chemical composition.strawberry leaf contains vitamin C (up to 250-280 mg per 100 g of fresh leaves), tannins, flavonoids (mainly quercetin and kaempferol derivatives), traces of alkaloids.
fruits contain up to 50 mg of vitamin C, 0.5 mg carotene per 100 g of fresh fruits, traces of vitamin B [flavonoids (galactoside and pelargonidin glycoside tsianidinovy), malic and salicylic acids, sugar, 1.5% pectinsubstances
aromatic compounds with lemon smell, tannins, etc.
Action and use.Biologically active substances sheet strawberry is a diuretic.Furthermore, they slow down and increase the amplitude of the rhythm of heart rate, dilate blood vessels, improve tone and increase uterine contractions.
Applied as a tincture from '20 to 200 mg raw water 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day to treat gout (contributes to the removal of salts from the body), and kidney disease, liver and spleen, atherosclerosis.
In the absence of other means of infusion of the leaf can be used as antiscorbutic.
presence of tannins explains the action of decoction of the leaves at the same concentration as that of the infusion, with diarrhea, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.The broth is also shown when the night sweats.
Outwardly decoction is prescribed in the form of poultices for hemorrhoids, in the form of compresses - with weeping and bleeding wounds, mouth rinse as a deodorant.
fruits of strawberries have a diuretic effect and is used to treat gout, kidney stones, as well as a vitamin remedy.
juice strawberry fruit and whipped egg whites used in the form of face masks.
should take into account the individual sensitivity of individuals to strawberries, manifested in allergic reactions.