Useful and therapeutic properties of erect cinquefoil ( Potentilla - Uzikov , Dubrovka , wild galangal )
generic name is a diminutive of the Latin potentia - power as this little plant has a strong effect.The specific definition of "erect" is given in the form of the stem.Tormentilla comes from the Latin tormentum - suffering severe pain, as in the Middle Ages, the plant was used for gastric and intestinal colitis, and diarrhea.Russian name bloodroot given shape palmate leaves.
Botanical description.Perennial herb with horizontal cylindrical or many-headed, almost spherical rhizome from which thin adventitious roots depart.Young plants have a single stem, the old -. There are several, erect or ascending (raises) in height 15-50 cm lower leaves, dying to flowering time, on long stalks, pyatipalcha-toslozhnye.Stem - alternate, sessile, ternate, with two stipules.Leaflets and stipules lanceolate or obovate, at the top of krupnopilchatye, along the veins appressed-hairy or hairless.Flowers yellow, solitary on long, thin stalks, right, with a double perianth.Calyx double, hairy, 4 sepals and 4 leaves epicalyx r
blooms from May to September.Fruits sozrevayut- in August - September.
Geographical distribution.It grows on forest edges and meadows, clearings, open forests and old spruce forests, on the outskirts of the marshes.Plants open seats have larger roots and give the best raw materials.
Occurs in the European part of the USSR, in the Caucasus and in Western Siberia.The main areas are blanks in Belarus and Ukraine.
collection and drying.Harvest rhizomes in July - September.They dig with shovels on the moors - pitchforks, sometimes plowed plows, cleaned off the ground with a knife cut off the stems, roots and wash in cold water.
dried in the open air, in the sun, under the eaves, in attics or better in a dryer at a temperature of 50-60 °.Quick-drying helps to preserve a large number of active substances, whereas the oxidation of tannins to the newly-flobafe occurs only partially.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - Potentilla rhizome (Rhizoma Tormentillae) has a length from 2 to 9 cm, thickness not less than 0.5 cm rhizomes
straight or curved, often irregularly shaped, solid, but easily converted into a powder when crushed..On the bottom side are clearly visible traces of pitted sliced roots.Color outside from reddish-brown to dark brown, in a break from yellow to red-brown, water-lubricated red color intensified.The smell is weak, aromatic, taste strongly astringent.When added to the water decoction of rhizomes 1:10 few drops of ferric alum solution appears greenish-black okoashivanie, quickly turning into a black and blue.
GOST 6716-71 admits: moisture not more than 14%;Ash not more than 5%;rhizomes, blackened in the fracture, not more than 5%;rhizomes poorly treated by the roots and stems, not more than 3%;Organic impurities are not more than 0.5%;mineral - no more than 1%.Tannin content (based on the bone dry weight of the feed) should be at least 20%.
chemical composition.Rhizomes of Potentilla contain up to 31% of a hydrolysable and condensed tannins, red flobafeny, glycoside-valued mentillin, crystalline air tormentol, Quinic and ellagic acid, wax, resin, starch and others.
action and application.Tannins cinquefoil have the same mechanism of action as the mountaineer snake.Appointed as an astringent for diarrhea, dysentery, gastric ulcer, gastritis, enteritis, as a styptic for bleeding inside: intestinal, lung and uterine.Recommended for Botkin's disease, rheumatism, gout.Externally - for burns, weeping eczema and other skin diseases, oral diseases:. Stomatitis, gingivitis and other
is used in the form of broth at the rate of '10 raw material per 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.The same broth used externally.
Lotions from broth rhizomes indicated for the treatment of oily seborrhea and acne face.