Useful and therapeutic properties of mistletoe
family Remnetsvetnye - Loranthaceae
generic name derives from the Latin viscum - birdlime, as the ancient Romans used the sticky fruit pulp for catching birds.
Species definition is translated from Latin means "white" because of the color of the fruit.
Botanical description.Evergreen shrub hemispherical or almost spherical diameter up to 120 cm. Retaining green color, a parasite on many deciduous and coniferous trees less.Such plants are called semiparasites.After leaf fall
green "caps" of mistletoe are clearly visible on the trees from afar.Stem and branches green, repeatedly dichotomously branched, end with two opposite, leathery, oblong-lanceolate leaves with a blunt tip.The plant is dioecious.The flowers are unisexual, small, inconspicuous, yellowish-green, located in the upper branches of the ramifications.
Fruit - spherical, white, false berry, with a diameter of about 1 cm, sticky pulp that contains a single seed.Seeds disperse birds, especially blackbirds.They scraped a tree branch beak st
Blossoms in March - April.The fruits ripen in September - October.
Geographical distribution.Parasitic on various trees, often on poplars, pears, apple trees and willows, at least - on the lime trees, birch, hawthorn, hornbeam, oak trees, walnut and locust locust (popularly called white acacia).Appearing on the same tree can be quickly transferred to others.
is found in the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine and the Caucasus.
collection and drying.Collect mistletoe in late autumn or winter.After leaf fall, it becomes highly visible.Bushes cut loppers, dragged a tree hooks, breaks off hand or cut down hatchets.Often the trees affected by the mistletoe, cut down to prevent others from being infected.In this case, the raw material charge is facilitated.We collected plants thick stems discarded, remove the fruit, and thin shoots cut into pieces no longer than 20 cm and poured into bags or baskets.
Dried material in attics, sheds, barns with good ventilation or in a dryer at a temperature of 40-50 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - Cormus et folium Visci albi consists of a mixture of leaves and young shoots up to 20 cm, re-vilchatovetvistyh, naked, at the ends with oppositely arranged leaves.The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, oblong or elliptical, obtuse at the apex, narrowed to the base, entire with arcuate veins.They are thick, leathery, 3-8 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide.
raw color is yellowish-green.Smell and taste absent.
FS 42-393-72 admits: moisture less than 10%;total ash less than 10%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with a hole diameter of 3 mm and not more than 3%;organic and mineral impurities, and berries of mistletoe are not more than 1%.Now raw neofitsinalno.
chemical composition.Mistletoe viskotoksin contains amorphous substance consisting of a large number of amino acids and sugars, and a- (3-viskol, vistserin, Olean-lovuyu and ursolic acid, choline and its derivatives, amines (tyramine viskalbin, viskamin etc.), alcohols (pinit, quebracho and others), flavonoids (flavoyadorinin A and 5, gomoflavoyadorinin The RAMS-zin-3-glucoside, 4-glycoside, 7.3 -.. dimetillyuteolina, quercetin, ramnetin, izoramnetin, etc.) In addition, there is a small amount of fatoil, vitamin C, carotene, resinous substances.
action and use. The complex of biologically active substances of mistletoe dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure, strengthens the heart activity, has a sedative and weak hemostatic effect. antihypertensive mechanism of action is associated with a decrease in vasomotor center tonus andprobably a reflex effect.
is used as a hypotensive agent in hypertension stage I or II, when intestinal atony and lung, as well as nosebleeds.
Assign an infusion or decoction of the '15 mix of shoots and leaves to 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.