Useful and therapeutic properties of shepherd's purse
cruciferous (Brassica) - Brassicaceae
generic name derives from the Latin Capsa - box (capsella - a small box) and is given in the form of fruits.The specific definition is made up of two Latin words and literally means "shepherd's bag»,
as the fruits resemble a leather bag, which previously were shepherds.
Botanical description.Annual herb with a thin taproot.Stem round, erect up to 20-30 (50) cm lower leaves collected in the rosette, first solid, then pinnatipartite with blunt blades, stem -. Alternate, sessile, arrowhead.The flowers are small, white, gathered in terminal and axillary racemes, which at the beginning of flowering look like flap that is found in other cruciferous.Sepals and petals four, cup towards the rim shifted by 45 °, ieIt positioned crosswise.The six stamens, two short outer four internal.Pestle with the top one, dvugnezd-term ovary.Fruits - obratnotreugolnye, heart struchochki, flat, notched at the top, on the long, almost horizontally backward from the peduncle fruit stems.
Blossoms in the second half of April to September.The fruits ripen from May until the autumn.The plant has a very short growing season and therefore gives during the summer 2-3 generations, and in addition, has also overwintering forms.
Geographical distribution.Widespread common weed clog the fields, gardens, orchards and steam land.Common in housing, along roads and ditches, at least in the meadows.
occurs almost throughout the territory of the USSR, except for the north of Siberia, deserts and semi-deserts of Central Asia.Especially abundant in the exploited agricultural land lands.
main areas blanks are in the Baltic States, Belarus, the Ukraine, the North Caucasus, the Volga region.
collection and drying.Collect the entire aboveground part at the time of flowering.The best raw material obtained by collecting at a time when the lower fruit only appear.It is unacceptable to collect in the period of fruiting.The plant is uprooted, the root is cut with scissors or a knife and discarded.Care for the restoration of undergrowth is not necessary.When standing thick grass mowing scythes or sickles reap, but the raw materials, in this case it turns out lower quality since cut stems and basal leaves remain in the socket.
In manual assembly weed in cultivated areas is better to choose the moment when the soil is dry.
Dry shepherd's bag in attics, sheds, and on a nice sunny, but windy - in the shade of buildings.Drying is considered complete when the stems become brittle.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass shepherd's purse (Herba Bursae pastoris) consists of a stem length of 10 to 40 cm, simple or branched.Radical leaves in the socket oblong-lanceolate, tapering into petiole, sinuate-toothed or pinnately.Stem leaves prodolgovatolantsetnye often swept ground amplexicaul, vyemchatozubchatye.Flowers melkiz whitish or yellowish-white, in racemes.
Odour weak, peculiar, taste bitter.
GOST 14102-69 allows: moisture not more than 13%;Ash not more than 10%;stems and roots, and the roots of certain plants infected with powdery mildew, no more than 3%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve with a hole diameter of 1 mm is not more than 2%;Organic impurities are not more than 2%;mineral - less than 1%;extractives extracted -kym alcohol 70%, at least 10%.
chemical composition.Grass shepherd's purse containing amines (choline, acetylcholine, tyramine) ramnoglyu-kozidgissopena, bursovuyu acid, flavonoids (rutin, luteolin-7-rutinoside, luteolin-7-glucoside);tannins;organic acids (tartaric, fumaric and malic), alcohol, inositol, saponins and vitamin C.Approval of the content of vitamin K (phylloquinone), apparently, is erroneous.
action and application.Acetylcholine is contained in the grass shepherd's purse, reduces arterialnse pressure, increases gastric motility and accelerates peristalsis.
Fresh grass has a hemostatic effect and stimulates the motor function of the uterus.
applied as a liquid extract - Extractum Bursae pastoris 25 drops to 1 teaspoon per reception 4-5 times a day as a hemostatic agent after birth, and to strengthen the uterine muscles during childbirth.