Useful and therapeutic properties of tansy ( wild mountain ash )
family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Asteraceae
The generic name is derived from two Greek words: tanaos - long and aceomai - live as dried flowers keep their color.Species definition is translated from Latin means "common" and is associated with the prevalence of type.
Botanical description.Perennial herb with horizontal many-headed rhizome.Stem round, erect, branched, 50-150 cm tall. The young plants it is one, and the old stems are numerous.Leaves, neparnope-ristorassechennye, lower - petiolate, and middle and upper - sessile.Segments oblong-lanceolate with serrate or ostrolopastnym edge.The flowers are tubular, orange-yellow, are collected in hemispherical baskets, 7-10 mm in diameter, which form corymbose inflorescences.
Fruit - an elongated achene without pappus.The whole plant has a strong peculiar smell.
blooms from late June to September.The fruits ripen in August - October.
Geographical distribution.Growing in the furrows, meadows, roadsides, ditches, scrublands, forest edges, clearings in bi
are in the Baltic States, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, and in many regions of the RSFSR.
collection and drying.Collect basket at the beginning of flowering, when the inflorescences are depressed middle.They tear by hand or cut plates and then to terminate the baskets without stems or remnants of their no longer than 4 cm. It is often recommended to do it after drying, although this is more difficult to perform.Do not be late to the collection, as over time become baskets top slightly convex, increase in size, and flowering continues and flowers turn brown when dried in natural conditions.This feed contains much less active ingredients than collected at an earlier date.
collected baskets dried in the shade under the eaves, in attics or dryer at a temperature of 25-30 °, sprinkling a thin layer at the rate of 1 kg of raw flowers per 1 sq.m square, stirring occasionally.Drying is done as long as the receptacle become leathery.Desiccate impossible, as the flowers can crumble.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - flowers of tansy (Flores Tanaceti) consists of a hemispherical baskets with yellow tubular flowers with a diameter of 6 to 8 mm.The flowers are arranged on the bare, non-slightly convex receptacle, surrounded by a common wrapper to lanceolate with filmy edge of the leaflets.
Odor peculiar, taste spicy, bitter.
GOST 16801-71 allows: moisture not more than 13%;Ash not more than 9%;brownish baskets no more than 8%;leaves, inflorescences with peduncles pieces 4 cm long and longer individual stems 4 cm is not more than 7%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve with openings of 2 mm in diameter, not more than 10%;organic and mineral impurities not more than 1%.
chemical composition.The flowers of tansy contain from 0.1 to 0.3% essential oil, which is composed of a bicyclic ketone thujone, tuyol alcohol, camphor, borneol, and pinene.Additionally, are tannins, bitter substance tanatsetin - a sesquiterpene lactone;flavonoids (luteolin-7-glucoside, Lute-ling, kvertsitrin et al.), tanatsetovuyu, gallic, caffeic and chlorogenic acid, 0.04% volatile alkaloids, etc.
action and application.Tansy Flavonoids possess choleretic and antispasmodic action.Essential oil tones musculature of the gastrointestinal tract and increases secretion has anthelmintic and antibacterial agent, but it finds application in medicine due to the toxicity of thujone.
applied flowers in the form of a fine powder 1/4 teaspoon, and the infusion of 5-10 g per 200 ml of water and 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes before eating.