Useful and therapeutic properties of couch grass
family of cereals (Poa) - Poaceae
The generic name is derived from the Greek words dgrios - wild and pyros - wheat, as Linnaeus attributed to the genus wheatgrass wheat, but then he was isolated in a separate genus.Species definition is translated from Latin means "creeping" - by type of long rhizomes.
Botanical description.Monocotyledonous perennial herb with creeping, giving long shoots, thin horizontal rhizome.Stem smooth, naked, erect, rarely ascending, 60-120 cm in height. On larger its length stalk enclosed in leaf sheaths.The leaves are flat, linear, glabrous, up to 10 mm wide, goal-nokraynie parallel veining.The vagina is long.On the border of their transition to the lamina
is very short tongue, white, filmy, as if torn from the top.
Flowers green, bluish-green, gathered at the top of the stem in a complex spike, formed by 4-7-flowered sessile spikelets, which are located on the axis at an acute angle.Floral scales bare bottom - lanceolate with a straight spine, reaching a length of 2 to 6
Flowers in June - July.The fruits ripen in August - September.
Geographical distribution.Wheat grass is a pernicious weed fields.It occurs almost throughout the territory of the USSR.It grows in floodplains, meadows, near dwellings.
collection and drying.Collect rhizomes in the fall - the end of August - September, at least in the spring.They dig, shake off the ground, break off or cut off the stems and washed in water.This adventitious roots usually break away.
air-dried in the shade of buildings, attics, laying a thin layer and turning regularly and stirring.Drying is considered complete when the roots are not bent, and fold when bent at a sharp angle.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - wheat grass rhizome (Rhizoma Graminis) consists of a thin shiny, solomopodobnyh, threadlike, simple or branched rhizomes, about 2 mm thick, with colorless filmy, kosousechennymi sheaths.The roots are either absent or not enough of them.They come out of the beam assemblies.Color yellowish rhizomes.
Odor absent, taste sweet.
medicinal raw materials is neofitsinalnym.Previously harvested and used in scientific medicine.Included in the pharmacopoeia of some countries.
chemical composition.It contains up to 10% of polysaccharide trititsina to 10% of the gums, and 4% fructose, 3% mannitol, avenin phenolic compound, 1.5% fatty oils, malic acid, mezoinozit, levulose, up to 156 mg% of vitamin C, 70carotene mg 87% and others.
Action and use.The rhizome of couch grass in folk medicine used as an anti-inflammatory agent, a diuretic, and is shown for gout and rheumatism, cystitis, kidney stones, skin rashes, as well as enveloping and emollient for coughs.It was found that the diuretic effect of couch grass is weak.Its effect more prominently when metabolic disorders.When arthritic aches, rheumatism, lumbago, arthritis consequences has analgesic effect.Baths of decoction of the rhizomes and simultaneous reception of broth inside recommended for abrasions, rickets, and some skin diseases.Before wheatgrass used for skin rashes, scrofula, acne, chronic eczema.The anti-inflammatory and emollient effect of polysaccharides explains the efficacy of wheat grass in gastritis and enterocolitis.
Broth of rhizomes ('20 crushed material to 1 cup water), take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day at stones in the gall bladder.There is also evidence of the effectiveness of the juice obtained from fresh grass (take 0.5 cups 1-2 times a day).In the preparation of the infusion of 15-20 g of rhizomes pour 2 cups of cold water and insist 10-12 hours.It is recommended as a diaphoretic and expectorant.