Useful properties of rowan
Rosaceae family - Rosaceae
generic name comes from the Celtic sor, which means tart (characterizes the taste of the fruit).Species definition is derived from the Latin aucuparia - to catch the birds, as has long been the fruits of mountain ash are used as bait for catching birds.
tree 3-15 m tall (sometimes up to 20 m).Young branches are covered with gray smooth bark, then it becomes grayish-white in color.Kidney length R-15 mm, blunt, black and purple, dense pubescence, terminal buds elongated cone-shaped, smaller side and pressed.Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate, with oblong leaflets 7-15, at the tops of the sharply serrated.At the base of leaves pubescent, but sometimes there is no pubescence.From above they are dull green, below - gray or bluish-gray.Inflorescence - a thick plate.Flowers regular, white, have a kind of bitter-almond smell.Calyx pubescent at the beginning, then naked, sepals ciliate, corolla lobes rounded, pubescent on top.Stamens 20, columns 2-5 (usually 3).F
Rowan common distributed in the European part of the USSR, Crimea, the Caucasus and Transcaucasia, Siberia, far away comes to the north.It grows on forest edges, thawed in the undergrowth, rises high in the mountains, it is found in rocky areas and river bluffs.Planted in gardens and parks, as well as along the roads as an ornamental plant.Fruits are readily eaten by birds.
Rowan is resistant to cold and drought.
collection and drying
Harvest ripe fruit.They are harvested before frost.When cleaning carefully cut plates with fruit, trying not to damage the branches.
The fruits are sorted, separating the impurities from the leaves and stalks.Dried in furnaces or ovens at temperatures not exceeding 40 ° for several hours, then evaporated to dryness at 60 °.In the southern parts were dried in the sun, but it is associated with significant loss of karo-tinoidov and ascorbic acid.In conditions of Belarus rowan can be dried in a shaded, well-ventilated areas (attics, porches, canopies), scattering a thin layer of fruit and often stirring.
Fructus Sorbi - is dried fruit, round, wrinkled, shiny, reddish-orange color.On fruits remnants cups are stored in the form of five teeth inconspicuous.Taste bitter, sour, bland flavor.
GOST 6714-74 admits: moisture in the raw material is not higher than 18%;total ash - 5%;impurities of fruits have lost their natural color (blackened, burnt), no more than 3%;unseparated fruit with peduncles 3%;peduncle content, twigs, leaves, mountain ash not more than 0.5%;organic impurities - 0.5%, mineral - 0.2%.It is not allowed the presence of mold and rot.
Dosage Forms: rowan juice - 1 kg of fruit rowan washed poured 600 g of sugar, insist 3-4 hours, then refluxed for 30 min.Take 1 tbsp.l.before meals 3-4 times a day.From rowan berries cooked sour-sweet fruit drinks or infusions.
Berries in the amount of 40 g of ground in a mortar, pour 200 ml of boiled water, 4 hours, strain, add sugar to taste.
syrup was prepared as follows: 100 g of berries was triturated in a mortar, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist 4 hours, filter, then add sugar syrup in the infusion mountain ash taste.Dry and fresh rowan berries are used as a vitamin agent in combination with nettles and wild rose.
mixture number 1: 7 h berries and 3 parts of nettle leaves...
mixture number 2: equal parts of fruit of mountain ash and wild rose.
In both cases, 1 tbsp.l.mixture brew 2 cups boiling water, boil 10 minutes, insisting 4 h.
packaging into cloth bags 30-40 kg.Stored on racks in a well-ventilated dry place, avoiding direct sunlight.
fruits of mountain ash - a multivitamin feed.Vitamin C content of fresh fruit varies from 40 to 100 mg / 100 g carotene - from 3 ~ to 15 mg of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) - 0.05-0.07 mg folic acid - 0,18-0,25 mg/ 100 g fruits rich in vitamin K (0.4 mg / 100 g), and E (0,8-5,1 mg).In addition to p-carotene in fruits also found cryptoxanthin and district karotinepoksid.
Rowan - a valuable source of phenolic compounds (catechins, anthocyanins, leucoanthocyanins, flavonols).Among the catechins isolated / - / epicatechin, gallocatechin epigallocatechin gallate.The total content of catechins reaches 370 mg / 100 g
Fruits are rich in anthocyanins, cyanidin derivatives represented.Most anthocyanins found in the skins (300-1600 mg / 100 g).Number of flavonol varies from 20 to 246 mg / 100 g of fresh fruit.In their structure - astragalin, giperozid, kvertsi-trine, izokvertsitrin, quercetin-3-p-soforozid, Kempf-roll, 3-p-soforozid.Found also flavonoid glycoside sorbariozid.Fruits are rich in organic acids, among which the main place belongs to the apple.Also found (in small quantities), tartaric, succinic, oxalic, sorbic acid and parasorbinovaya (unsaturated lactone).Sorbic acid has bacteriostatic (retards the growth of bacteria and fungi).The acidity of the fruit rowan 1,79-3,60% (in terms of malic acid).
sugar content of 5,9-8% (fructose prevails).In fruits stored 0.3-0.5% pectin.There are also quite a lot of alcohol sorbitol.
The seeds contain (in small quantities), glycoside amygdalin, split under the influence of enzymes into glucose and hydrocyanic acid.According to our observations (DK Shapiro), the percentage of amygdalin in the fruits of mountain ash is small and it has no toxic effect.
rowan leaves contain 200-220 mg / 100 g ascorbic acid, carotenoids and phenolic compounds.
Since ancient times used as a medicinal plant.Rowan is very useful because of its high content of vitamins, besides not thicken the blood, black as her sister, but slightly increased pressure.dried rowan berries.They retain their excellent properties for several years.
very useful in the winter morning brew yourself a tonic (especially those who have chronic fatigue or just barely rises in the morning).It is prepared from a mixture of dried or fresh berries of mountain ash red, rose and barberry in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.It is best to prepare it in the evening, for it to fill in (in the three-liter thermos of boiling water and drop to one teaspoon with the top of a mountain ash, wild rose and barberry. In the morning and in the morning to drink this drink. Berry Remains pour boiling water again, then drink. Berriesremoved, crushed and once again pour them in a thermos with boiling water. Thus, you can use the fruit three times, and each time the drink will contain all the biologically active substances and vitamins.
But you should know that it not only increases the overall tone of the body,but also slightly increases blood pressure. So that evening to eat in large quantities Rowan tincture or brandy should not be to high blood pressure it refers specifically.
used in folk medicine
Rowan used in gepatoholetsistite, hepatitis, congested bile, kidney stonesand gall bladder, dysentery, hemorrhoids, intestinal atony senile, menopause, uterine bleeding.Fresh fruits are effective in atherosclerosis, hypertension, nephrolithiasis.
fruits of mountain ash have a mild laxative and diuretic.rowan berries are recommended for rheumatism.The mountain ash contains sorbitol, therefore it can and should be applied to diabetics.Berries are used in hypovitaminosis, the flu (to enhance the body's resistance).
Phytoncides rowan harmful to Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, molds.From rowan isolated sorbic acid, which has antibacterial properties, it is used for preserving juices and vegetables.
As a hemostatic agent used in the form of broth ('10 fruits of rosehip with 200 ml of water).Take half a cup before eating.
juice from fresh fruits take 1 teaspoon before meals with reduced gastric acidity.
Using the fruits of mountain ash as a drug, it should be remembered that they increase blood clotting, so patients with certain categories of mountain ash should be taken only under medical supervision.
decoction FRUIT: 15 g of dried fruit per 200 ml of water.Boil for 2-3 minutes, drain.Drink 1 tbsp.l.3- 4 times daily.
TINCTURE fresh fruit: 200 g of fresh fruit I pour liters of vodka, insist 12 days.Strain.Take 1 tbsp.l.three times a day in the menstrual cycle in menopausal.
Infusion of young twigs: 2 tbsp.l.shredded branches pour 400 ml of boiling water, simmer on low heat for 5-7 minutes, drain.Take 0,5 cup 3 to 4 times a day for skin tuberculosis (lupus erythematosus).
tea leaves: 30 g of fresh leaves in 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drink 200 ml 2-3 times a day with gallstone and kidney disease, liver disease.
Atherosclerosis drink juice, syrup, infusion of fresh fruits in the usual dosage.
vitamin tea: the fruits of mountain ash and wild rose mix in equal parts.1 tbsp.l.mixture pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drain.Drink 1 glass three times a day with atherosclerosis, spring beriberi, with long flowing, debilitating diseases.
rowan juice drink 1 ch. L.three times a day with anatsidnyh gastritis.
infusion, decoction and juice of fresh fruits are used in jaundice, uterine bleeding, high blood pressure in normal dosages.
rowan syrup drink 1 ch. L.three times a day for rheumatism.
In the Bulgarian folk medicine, the fruits of mountain ash are used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery.
When inflammation of the larynx and pharynx, chronic tonsillitis and angina, traditional medicine recommends gargling infusions fruit juice drink and fruit teas in its usual dosage.
Bulgarian herbalists recommend for kidney stones treatment the following procedure: 1 tbsp.l.fruit cook 5 minutes in 200 ml water, leave for 4 hours. The broth drink 70-100 ml.
Atherosclerosis 200 g of mountain ash bark boil 2 hours on low heat in 0,5 l of water.Strain, adding boiling water to the original volume and 50 ml of drinking three to four times a day.
water decoction of dried fruits of mountain ash are used as a styptic.Take in conventional dosages.
for anemia and exhaustion take rowan drugs in normal doses.Especially useful syrup and the juice of mountain ash.
Broth fruits (sometimes with leaves): 15 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 3-4 times a day or 1/2 cup 2 times a day.Fresh juice: a quarter cup of juice add half a spoon of honey h;.freshly taken 2-3 times a day for 1 st.spoon.
Broth: 2 hours. Fruit spoons make 2 cups of boiling water, 1 hour, drain, add honey or sugar to taste and drink 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day.
The dried bark of mountain ash in the form of powder appointed interior with giardiasis.
bark decoction lowers blood pressure.
Rowan used as a choleretic and laxative agent in diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract, as well as vitamin funds.
More recipes from the mountain ash
berries can be left on the mountain ash until the late autumn and remove them after the first heavy frost.Then they almost disappear bitterness.But there is a danger to remain entirely without them, as their sklyuyut migratory birds or their own magpie.You can collect bunches of rowan, tie them in bunches and freeze in the freezer.Bitterness, too, will disappear.But there is a fairly simple method that is usually used when cooking jam.Berry pour boiling water, put on a high heat and bring to a boil, but do not boil.Hot water is immediately drained berries with cold water and change the water several times during the 5 to 6 hours (or put under a small stream of running tap water).Then they fall asleep sugar in a proportion of 1: 1 for 3-4 hours, then cook in several stages, as the cook black currant or any five-minute jam.Then the berries are transparent, filled with soft skin.The best condiment for meat or fish does not happen!
Spicy taste rowan jams distinguishes it from all the well-known and already slightly overexposed berry pieces.From rowan can make candy, Rowan jelly, cook it with apples and, of course, an excellent cook tincture of mountain ash.For this purpose it is necessary to disassemble the berries, wash, blanch in boiling water, then rinse several times in cold.Crush and fill with vodka at a ratio of 1 kg of berries na 2.5 liters of vodka (or 1 liter of alcohol, diluted with 1.2 liters of water).Put in a closed container for 10 days.Then filtered, squeeze, add 250 g of sugar and put on a very small fire, stirring constantly, until the sugar is completely dissolved.In no case can not be heated above 40 degrees wine (alcohol evaporate from it).After cooling in a sealed container to bottle and cork them.
1 kg of berries of red mountain ash, 1.2 kg of sugar.
Red rowan pour boiling water.Boil 5 minutes, drain the water.
Put rowan under cold running water for a day to remove tannins.
water drained berries fill with sugar and let stand for another day.
Bring to a boil and remove from heat, let cool.Again bring to a boil and simmered Dowar.
In a properly cooked jam berries full and soft, welded in wrong - berries shriveled and tough.
Ryabinovoye jam is served as a side dish to meat, fish dishes and boiled potatoes, a little bitterness spicing up these dishes.
Red rowan in apple syrup
1 kg of apples, 1.5 kg sugar, 0.5 liters of water, 1 kg of red mountain ash.
Apples to clear from the core, cut into slices of equal width, fill up on sugar per day.
Part evolved syrup cast, and in the remaining syrup to cook apple jam.
Rowan, devoid of bitterness, pour sour apple syrup and leave for the night.In the morning a lot of heat to a boil, boil for 5 minutes, pour into sterilized jars and roll up.
Fresh fruit and juice of mountain ash are used in dysentery (100 g of fruit take 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before a meal).
Rowan squeezed juice from berries take 1/4 cup 2-3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
In the wild mountain ash are found throughout the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, the Far East, Kamchatka, Siberia, the Amur region, in the Urals.There is a growing mountain ash forest edges, meadows, along rivers, on rocky cliffs, in the undergrowth, roadside plantations and gardens.
ashberries contain up to 8-10% sugar, 2% of organic acids (mainly malic, citric, tartaric and sobrinovuyu), vitamins C, D, B1, E B2, PP, P, carotenoids, catechins, phenolcarbonicacid, tannins, mineral salts, bitter substances, flavonoids, oxygen-containing heterocyclic compounds, and phospholipids (cephalin, lecithin).
berries and juice have long been used for the prevention and treatment of beriberi.The combination of vitamin C and mountain ash P allow juice drink for prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis and hypertension.In folk medicine, the juice from the berries of mountain ash is used as a laxative, diuretic and styptic.The juice is recommended for diseases of the lungs and rheumatism.Especially useful juice in the autumn-winter time it drink a tablespoon several times a day.rowan juice is also considered a proven remedy for hemorrhoids.
Fruits and flowers of mountain ash, herb oregano, peppermint leaves - 20: 6: 2: 3.1 hr .. mixture on Zaw
* Note.Tea with chamomile brewed anew each time, after cooling the drink loses its properties, and when boiled and the long of it insisting evaporate essential oils.For too long, the use of this tea may lead to increased nervousness.
- fruits of mountain ash, herb oregano, fruits shipovnika- 1: 1: 3.Fruits pound, pour 2 h .. fruit mixture, 1 tbsp.boiling water, bring to a boil, add the oregano herb, infuse 1 hour, drain.The drink has a pleasant aroma and taste.
- fruits of mountain ash, raspberry, currant leaves - 30: 5: 2.2 tbsp chopped .. fruits and leaves in 1 tbsp.boiling water.l.l.