Useful and therapeutic properties of the harrow the field and plow
legume family - Fabaceae
The generic name is derived from the Greek word - a donkey, as donkeys willingly eat harrow, while other animals avoid it.Species definition is translated from Latin means "Tillage", "field" - because of the habitat.
Botanical description.Perennial herb with short brown rhizome, which depart
adventitious roots.Stems erect, rounded, pubescent with simple spines at the base or without a height of 30-50 (80) cm. At the base of the stems are often painted in purple-reddish color.The leaves are alternate, petiolate, lower and middle - trifoliate, upper - simple.Leaflets oblong-elliptical with a sharply serrated edge glandular-pubescent on both sides.At the base of the leaves are two large stipule, fused with petioles.Pink flowers on short stalks, arranged in two in the axils of upper leaves, forming a dense spike-like inflorescences.They are irregular, butterfly.Stamens 10, filaments fused into a tube, through which the ovary and the lower part of the column pestle.Ovary superior
Geographical distribution.It grows in meadows, among bushes, on the banks of reservoirs on forest edges and clearings.It occurs in forest-steppe and steppe zones of the European part of the USSR and the Caucasus as single copies or thickets.
cultivated in the Poltava region of the Ukrainian SSR (Lubenskiy farm medicinal plants).Harvesting of wild plants can be carried out for their own use pharmacies.It can be successfully grown in Belarus (Mogilev plants 20 years of age).
collection and drying.Gather the roots in the fall, in September - October.Plants dug with shovels, shake off the ground, cut off the aerial parts, roots, and the remaining rhizome is cut into several pieces and buried in the ground, not buried them to the same place new plants grew.On plantations plants plowed and used the entire underground portion.The roots are washed in cold water, withered them for 1-2 days, then dried in attics, sheds, barns with good ventilation or in a dryer at a temperature of 40-45 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - harrow root (Radix Ononidis) consists of woody cylindrical, straight or curved roots, often branched, with the remains of many-rhizomes.Color brown roots outside, inside - a yellowish-brown.The smell is weak, peculiar, taste sweet, bitter.
GOST 168116-71 admits: moisture not more than 14%;Ash not more than 10%;crushed roots of less than 2 cm is not more than 2%;blackened roots in a break of not more than 1%;other parts harrow not more than 2%;Organic impurities are not more than 1%;mineral - no more than 1%.Extractives extracted with 70% alcohol, should be at least 20%.
chemical composition.harrow roots contain triterpene alcohol onotseril, flavonoids - ononin, astragalin, Onon, traces of essential oil, tannins, resinous substances, citric acid.
action and application.Biologically active substances harrow few raise blood pressure and increase the amplitude of heart contractions, accelerated blood clotting, increase diuresis, long-term use of drugs have a laxative effect.
tincture harrow - Tinctura Ononidis appointed hemorrhoids for 40-50 drops 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals for 2-3 weeks.