Useful and therapeutic properties uliginose
family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Asteraceae
The generic name is derived from the Greek word gnaphalon - wool, felt, indicating that the woolly-tomentose pubescence plants.The specific definition in a translation from Latin - the "raw", "wet", "what-pyanoy" given habitat for plants.
Botanical description.Annual herb with a thin taproot and rounded outstretched-branched from the base, rarely simple stalk height of 5-20 cm. Leaves are oblong, narrowed to the base.The flowers are small, light-yellow, collected in small baskets ovate, crowded dense tufts at the tips of branches and surrounded by radiant divergent upper leaves.Marginal flowers - whiskers, pistillate, median - tubular, bisexual.Calyx, like all the Asteraceae, is absent, instead - a tuft of hairs 10.Fruit - light brown oblong achene with a small tuft of hair to easily fall off.The whole plant is more or less grayish-pubescent.
Flowers in June - August.The fruits ripen in August - October.4
Geographical distribution.It grows in soils with h
occurs almost throughout the European part of the USSR, especially in the forest and steppe zones of Siberia and the Far East.
main areas blanks are in Belarus, the central and north-western regions of the RSFSR.
collection and drying.Gather the grass uliginose during the flowering period - in June - August.the fields are collected after cutting rye and before cutting the potato topper.Plants pull, shake off the ground, and not cutting off the root, dried in the open air (in the stubble field, meadow), often poking plants like hay.Drying in the sun it is allowed because numerous hairs that cover almost all parts of the plant, protect it from burning out.In inclement weather, the grass is dried under the eaves, in attics or in the dryer at a temperature of 40 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass uliginose (Herba Gnaphalii uliginosi) consists of the whole plant with gray-white tomentose pubescence containing florets, sometimes with fruit.Stems rounded, branching from the base, a length of 5 to 20 cm. The leaves are small in length from 0.5 to 2.5 cm, a width of 1 to 4 mm, oblong, with obtuse tip and prominent main vein, the base narrowed into shortpetiole.Baskets are very small, 3- 4 mm long, densely crowded small glomeruli at the tips of branches, surrounded by radiant radiating leaves.Involucre baskets multilayered.External leaflets at the base felt, in the upper half naked, dark-brown, shiny, the rest - naked, dark-brown.Fruit - an elongated achene with pappus.
Odour weak, peculiar, taste salty.
Art.GF 323 X admits: moisture not more than 13%;Ash not more than 20%;Organic impurities are not more than 2%;mineral impurities are not more than 2%.
as organic impurities can meet other plants like uliginose.
Gnaphalium sylvaticum - Gnaphalium sylvaticum L.- a perennial herb with a rhizome.Stem erect, unbranched, just at the base with short stems, 20-60 cm tall. The raw material is easily determined by a large cylindrical baskets, collected at the top of the stem into a narrow spike-like inflorescences.
Zhabnik Field - Filago arvensis L. Annual plant with simple or branched from the middle of the stem.Leaflets of involucre white-tomentose-pubescent, not brown.
chemical composition.Grass uliginose flavonoids contains about 30 mg% carotene, 4% tannin, 16% of resinous substances, traces of essential oils and alkaloids, phytosterols, thiamine, vitamin C and others.
Action and use.Biologically active substances uliginose possess antihypertensive properties, expand the peripheral vessels, slow the pace of heart rate, increase intestinal peristalsis.Oil extract containing carotene and other lipophilic substances possess wound healing properties, promotes regeneration of damaged tissues.The infusion rate of '10 raw materials on 200 ml of water each appoint 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day in the early stages of hypertension.In addition to the internal appointment recommend doing as foot baths (200 g per 5 liters of water).Used in conjunction with cyanosis in the treatment of gastric ulcer.