Useful and therapeutic properties of creeping thyme ( thyme )
family Labiatae (Lamiaceae) - Lamiaceae
The generic name is derived from the Greek word thyo - sacrifice, as the grass thrown into the fire during the ceremony.Fragrant smoke (incense) symbolized by the ancient Greeks, the adoption of the gods sacrifice.Species definition is translated from Latin means "creeping", as the plant is spread along the ground.
Botanical description.Semishrubs forming dernovniki, with a strong peculiar pleasant smell.The stem is woody at the bottom, covered with a dark brown bark and often takes root, forming adventitious roots.Upper herbaceous shoots, erect, rounded on all sides pubescent, 2-10 cm tall. The leaves are crosswise opposite, sessile or with very short petiole, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, entire, with numerous glands on the underside.The flowers are pinkish-purple, collected at the tips of branches in the axillary polumutovki forming capitate inflorescences.Calyx and corolla bilabiate.Fruit - float, consisting of 4 nuts sitting on the bottom of the cup neopaday
Flowers in June - July.The fruits ripen in August - September.
In the USSR grows 168 species of thyme.They have varying chemical composition.So, in the north and in the central zone of the European part of the USSR, including in the areas of blank creeping thyme - in Belarus, the Ukraine, it is widely found thyme ovate -. Thymus ovatus Mill, which stems at the top of tetrahedral and pubescent on ribs, leaves larger, purple flowers, gathered in the continuation-govato-capitate, often interrupted sotsvetenie.
Investigation of essential oil creeping thyme and egg-shaped, assembled in the territory of Belarus (V. Popov), found that thyme ovoid contains almost 3-4 times less than thymol and almost 20 times more carvacrol.This suggests the need to study the chemical composition of other plants in order to identify vysokotimolnyh species.
Geographical distribution.Creeping Thyme grows on open sandy areas, including on dry meadows, forest edges and clearings, in young plantations of pine and birch, in light sparse pine and mixed forests.It occurs in forest and steppe regions of the European part of the USSR and partly in some regions of Siberia.Isolated location are the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Far East, in the south of the Northern Urals.
main areas blanks are in Belarus, Ukraine, Voronezh and Rostov regions, Krasnodar and Stavropol territories of the RSFSR.
collection and drying.Gather the raw materials during the flowering in May - July, cutting knives, scissors, shears or sickles top herbaceous shoots with no lower woody stems, being careful not to pull out the plants by the roots.Part of the turf should be left untouched for vegetative propagation of plants.When collecting the grass with scissors and shears reproduce faster and in the same place for the workpiece can be back in 2-3 years.In no case can not pull the plant roots, as it is, firstly, result in rapid destruction of bushes, and secondly, the feedstock will contain more acceptable mineral impurities and ash and hence, forcing to reject it.
Dried material in the shade under the eaves, attics, laying a thin layer and periodically turning and poking.When the leaves and the flowers begin to crumble, drying is stopped and the raw material threshed, stems discarded, then sieved through a sieve.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass Chebrov-tsa (Herba Serpylli) consists of a mixture of leaves and flowers with an admixture of thin twigs.Leaves up to 15 mm, at the bottom there are rare long bristly hairs, clearly distinguishable even without a magnifying glass.The flowers are small, solitary or collected several pieces.Calyx brownish-red.Outside pubescent, with a ring of hairs in the throat.Calyx teeth on edge with ciliated hairs.Corolla 5-8 mm long, bluish-purple stamens four, two of them short, pestle with the top chetyrehlopastnym ovary.
smell of fragrant, taste bitter, spicy, slightly burning.
GOST 21816-76 allows: moisture not more than 13%;Ash not more than 12%;stem thickness exceeding 0.5 mm is not more than 10%;Organic impurities are not more than 1%;mineral impurities are not more than 1%;extractives content extracted with 30% alcohol, at least 18%.
chemical composition.The herb thyme contains up to 1% essential oil, which consists of up to 30% of crystalline thymol (in Belarus 9.52%), and 20% of its liquid isomer carvacrol (in Belarusian
0,65%), hydrocarbon cymene, a-and (3-pinene, gamma-terpinene, a-terpineol, borneol, tsingeberen and 9 terpenoids. There flavonoids, tannins, bitterness, gum, ursolic and oleanolic acids, mineral salts, and others.
Action and use. contained inthe essential oil of thyme thymol and carvacrol are phenols and mono-, all phenols, have antibacterial properties. In contrast to the carbolic acid (phenol), they are less toxic, less irritating to mucous membranes and have a stronger effect on the streptococci and staphylococci. also exhibit fungicidal properties. disinfects the upper respiratory tract, have little expectorant. The crystalline thymol paralyzes muscles tapeworm and whipworm.
infusion of 10-15 g of raw material per 200 ml of water is prescribed for 1-2 tablespoons 2-3 times a day as a sedative atdry and spastic coughing, especially in whooping cough when contraindicated strong expectorant in chronic bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, with mucous expectoration, as well as in chronic gastritis, spastic pain in the stomach and intestines, disorders of digestion, bloating, gastric ulcer,externally - as wound healing, restorative epite-tion of tissues, especially in burns.
Liquid extract of thyme is a part of a complex Pertussin syrup, which is used for coughs and whooping cough.
Topical infusion of herbs used for baths with hypertension, rheumatism, radiculitis, nerve diseases and diseases associated with metabolic disorders, diseases of the eye.In the latter case, the more effective is the 10% oil extract.Infusion rinse the mouth and throat for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat.5% -nyi infusion of herbs used in the treatment of alcoholism.