Useful and therapeutic properties of hops ordinary
family Kanaplyou - Cannabinaceae
generic name derives from the Latin humus - earth, so the plant spread along the ground, if you can not find support.Species definition is derived from the Latin lupus - wolf, because hops encircles and smothers other plants.
Botanical description.Dioecious perennial herb with a curling left stem length up to 3-6 m.Stebli with six ribs, which are T-shaped spines.The leaves are opposite, petiolate, sometimes on the upper branches are alternate, three-, five-lobed or divided, the upper entire, ovate to cordate, margin krupnopilchatye, with pointed teeth;dark-green, acutely scabrous, paler beneath, glandular on veins with rare, sharp, tenacious Shipi kami.The flowers are unisexual, axillary or apical.Stamen flowers in paniculate inflorescences, with a 5-member-nym, yellowish-green perianth, pistillate - in capitate or egg-shaped, light green, and fastened catkins, 2-3 cm long.Perianth unobtrusive - chashechkovidny.Bracts grow after flowering, forming stems - "bumps."Fruit
Flowers in June - July.The fruits ripen in August - September.
Geographical distribution.It grows on the damp forest, bushes, rivers, forest swamps.It occurs in the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Western Siberia, especially in the south, in the Tien Shan and Altai.The plant is introduced into the culture.It is widely cultivated, especially in the Ukraine, for the needs of the brewing industry.
collection and drying.Gather the stems - earrings
( «bumps») hops in August, when they begin to mature and have not lost a greenish-yellow color.Later they become brownish, dry and crumble after drying.Rip them by hand with the stalk and poured loosely in baskets.
dried in the shade, often in attics with good ventilation.A slow drying stems lose their natural color.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - stems of hops (Strobuli Lupuli) consists of the stems of the described structure.At the base of the tepals are sticky, shiny, golden yellow glands that contain lupulin.
Odour mild, pleasant, taste bitter.
GOST 8473-57 provides for the application in the national economy three grades, but for medical purposes may be used only first quality raw materials.Such materials should have a color ranging from light yellow-green to green-gold.Admitted «bumps» with reddened tips of the petals.Lupulin grains should be shiny, sticky, yellow or golden-yellow color.Permissible moisture content of no more than 13%;Ash not more than 10%;leaves, stems and other parts of hops is not more than 0.5%;hop seeds not more than 1.25%.
The content of bitter substances must be at least 15%.
chemical composition.Lupulin contains up to 2% of the des-red essential oils, tars 50-70%, about 5% of bitter substances, and humulone lyupu-lon, yellow colorant, choline, hypoxanthine, adenine, diterpene kogumulon, cerotic and isopropyl lakrilovuyuacid.The essential oil composition comprises: 15-20% humulene sesquiterpene, sesquiterpene alcohol lyuparenola, lyuparon ketone, izovaleryanovaya acid, 30-50% aliphatic terpenes, including myrcene, farnesene and other alcohol 30-40% complex esters mirtsenola aliphatic terpenealcohols linalool and geraniol, and others.
Action and use.Lupulin stimulates appetite, has a sedative, diuretic, antispasmodic and a small analgesic effect, and estrogenic activity.
essential oil of hops included in the valokardin.
Cones "hops appointed as an infusion of 5 g
200 ml of water 3-4 tablespoons 3-4 times a day as calming the central nervous system, analgesic with cystitis, appetizing and stomachic.Infusion is applied topically as a lotion for the treatment of wounds hardhealed.
Stretching hops introduced into the shampoo.
great importance hop is in the national economy.In addition to brewing it is used for the preparation of a special ferment ( "liquid" yeast) in baking some breads.
Cones "hops are part of the soothing collection, as well as fees prescribed for angina pectoris, tachycardia, extrasystole arrhythmia, cardiac neurosis, neurasthenia, epilepsy, hyperthyroidism.