Useful and therapeutic properties of Iceland Moss ( Icelandic " moss " )
family parmeliaceae - Parmeliaceae
The generic name is derived from the Latin word cetra - round leather shield Roman soldiers.The name is given in the form spore bodies - apothecia.the medicinal properties of the plant for the first time heard from Iceland, which is indicated by the species definition.
Botanical description.It is the lower plants, and therefore his body - thallus, or thallus, not broken up into vegetative organs and only remotely similar to leafy plant.Tull bushy, whitish or greenish-brown in color, consisting of flat, grooved-wrapped or nearly tubular blades up to 10 cm and a width of 0.5-4 cm. At the bottom of the blade with some reddish or red spots.The edges of the blades usually with cilia, sometimes on the tops of the blades, they are absent.From 5-10% solution of potassium hydroxide solution thallus yellow.
tsetrarii We, like other lichens, combines two of the body with opposite properties: algae (mostly green), which is in the process of photosynthesis produces organic matte
tsetrariya Propagated by spores that germinate and intertwined strands (hyphae), form a rudimentary lichen thallus.To further from him there was a real lichen needs contact with a certain type of algae.In addition, there and asexual reproduction - groups of cells (soredia) containing hyphae of the fungus and algae cells.
Geographical distribution.It grows on sandy soils and light pine forests, which has the form of clumps or single copies, in the marshes among the moss.It occurs almost throughout the territory of the USSR, with the exception of the steppes, semi-deserts and deserts.A more widely distributed in the European part of the USSR.It is one of the most common lichens.One of the main host plants for the reindeer.
collection and drying.Collect thallus throughout the summer.Their detach from the substrate, cleaned of impurities and -postoronnih sand.Dry in the sun or in the dryer at a temperature of 40-50 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - Lichen islan-dicus consists of highly branched thallus bushes, top greenish-brown, olive, light gray bottom, and at the bottom of a dark brown with dark brown cilia.Thallus hard, narrowed at the base, extended up the wrong paddle, with narrow or wide folded into a tube or groove blades up to 10 cm and up to 0.5 mm thick.Blades naked on the edge of ciliated.
Odour weak, peculiar, taste bitter, with a sense of the mucosa.
GOST 13727-68 allows: moisture not more than 14%;Ash not more than 2%;Organic impurities are not more than 5%;mineral - not more than 0.5%.
to the organic impurities are primarily other tsetrarii.
Tsetrariya SN6ZHN & amp;. I Cetraria nivalis (L.) Ach, pine - S. pinastri (. Scop) S. Gray - is poisonous!It contains vulpinovuyu acid, juniper - S. juniperina (L.) Ach, blackish -. S. nigricans (Retz.) Nyl.solution of potassium hydroxide is not painted.Tsetrariya Delisi - S. delisei (Bory) Th.Fr.under the influence of the alkali initially yellow and then red.Tsetrariya golden - C. chrysantha Tack.
has bushy, and foliose thallus.In tsetra-rii cucullata S. cuculata (Bell.) Ach.the blades are folded into the groove and can grow together with its edges into the hollow tube.The color of her greenish or straw-colored.
chemical composition.Iceland Moss contains 30 to 70% of mucous substances, which contain polysaccharides and lichenin izolihenin (lichen starch).These substances are extracted with hot water, and when cooled gelling solution to form a gelatinous mass.Antibiotic properties have a secondary lichen substances that used to be called lichen acids (protolihesterinovaya, lihesterinovaya, paralihesterinovaya, prototsentrarovaya, fumaroprototsetrarovaya).It also contains 2.3% tsetrarovoy bitter acid, up to 3% of proteins, up to 2% fat, up to 1% wax, about 4% of the gum, enzymes, pigments and others. In this species, as well as other accumulated much more zinc, cadmium, tin, lead, silicon, other than plants.
action and application.Mucous substances tsetrarii have shielding effect and are therefore shown in disorders of intestinal activity.
Assign broth from '20 to 200 ml of water 2-3 tablespoons for diarrhea, atony of the stomach and intestines, chronic constipation, gastritis, gastric ulcer, bronchial asthma, cough, bronchitis, lack of appetite.
Broth from thalli, pre-washed with water from the bitter cold, the food is of interest as a dietary tool for patients with diabetes.