A series of useful properties
family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Asteraceae
The generic name is derived from two Latin words bis - double, double and dens - tooth, because the fruit has two cloves.The specific definition - of the tri - three- and partita - split given in the form of leaves.
Botanical description. Annual herb with a short, highly branched root.
Stems are erect, the top oppositely branched, 15-60 cm tall. The leaves are opposite, short-petiolate, tripartite, and in plants grown on soil rich in humus, they are called quinquepartite.But although this term is found in the national botanical literature in the normative and technical documentation, it is, in our opinion, is wrong.Leaves have very deep cuts and have called these pieces.Segments lanceolate with serrated edges.
flowers dirty yellow, all tubular, assembled in single basket on top of the stem and opposite axillary shoots baskets two-row wrapper.The outer leaves are lanceolate, entire, green, horizontal deflection, internal - shorter than flowers, brown-yello
blooms from late June to September.The fruits ripen in late September - October.
Biological features.A series of tripartite - water-loving plant, so the industrial plantations are placed in areas with high humidity.
succession - a typical culture of temperate climate.Best of all, it grows on soil, the top layer which retains moisture well and does not form a crust (light sandy and loamy soils).Freshly harvested seeds have a high germination (80-90%) maintain their 5-7 years.After 6 years of storage and reduced germination is 60-65%.In the field, the seeds begin to sprout at a temperature of 3-4 ° C, the optimum germination temperature of 15-20 "C, they appear within 15-21 days.
locus. It grows in humid lowlands along the banks of rivers, ponds, streams,swamps, ditches, and as a weed -. the gardens and fields, often forming thickets
Geographical distribution growing series on moist riverbanks, along drainage channels, in ponds and lakes, swamps, ditches, which often forms thickets..absently found in meadows and as a weed in gardens and fields. While the stocks of raw materials in our country are enormous and many times exceed demand, a series of cultured in state farms of medicinal plants that allows to mechanize harvesting. it occurs almost throughout the European part of the USSR, in the Caucasus, south of Central Asia, the south of Western Siberia, lake Baikal and Trans-Baikal region, populated areas south of Primorsky Krai. The main areas of wild series pieces are in Belarus, Ukraine, the Krasnodar and Stavropol districts, and in some regions of Russia.
collection and drying. Gather the tops of stems and lateral branches up to 15 cm, and all the leaves are during budding in the first half of June.Raw materials, collected in time of flowering, after drying becomes unusable as when drying in vivo bloom continues (Compositae all feature), and the baskets are spiny.Sometimes cut stems, and after drying is separated short shoots and leaves, but in this case the drying should be carried out using artificial heat.On the plantations producing raw materials collection mechanized.A plant mowing, dried at a temperature of 40-45 °, separate tops and leaves and stems of the blackened portion and discarded.
collected tops and leaves of wild succession dried in the shade, laying a thin layer on canvas, burlap, paper, gauze hammocks, and often inverted.Drying is considered complete when the stems become brittle.Some flower buds on drying disclosed.
Medical raw material is a herb.Leafy tops and side shoots up to 15 cm or individual leaves are harvested during budding and quickly dried, laying a thin layer of the sun, often inverted.Readiness is determined by the degree of fragility.Store in a sealed container for 2 years.
medicinal raw materials. finished raw materials - grass succession (Herba Bidentis) consists of the leafy tops of the stems up to 15 cm in bud, sometimes without them and separate the leaves.The buds are rounded, slightly flattened on top, sometimes blooming baskets.
Smell peculiar taste bitter, slightly astringent.
GOST 15946-70 allows: moisture not more than 13%;Ash not more than 11%;browned and blackened tops of the stems and leaves no more than 3%;leafy tips of longer than 15 cm is not more than 3%;Organic impurities are not more than 2%;mineral impurities are not more than 1%.
FS 42-959-75 regulates the quality of raw materials, assembled in a mechanized way to earn some money and after drying: blackened parts of the plant no more than 8%;stems total no more than 40%;Organic impurities are not more than 3%.Other parameters are the same.
to the organic impurities include other parts of plants, including species other series.
Medical raw material is a herb, leafy tops of the leaves collected in the budding phase and the beginning of flowering at a height of 15 cm from the surface.The dried plant has a faint smell, taste astringent, slightly burning, bitter.
known that the feedstock contains volatile oil, a large quantity of carotene (60 mg%), ascorbic acid (from 100 mg to 1000%), tannins with vysokimsoderzhaniem polyphenyls, which are attributed to anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.Furthermore, a series comprises manganese, capable to move in aqueous solutions.Shelf life up to 5 years.
succession drooping - Bidens cernua L. is characterized in that a whole, not divided into segments, and often leaves along with tubular contains yellow ligulate flowers with light yellow tips (there are two varieties, one of which soderyasht reed flowers, andthe other has none).It is proved that the Flavian-noidny structure of this kind does not differ from a succession of tripartite (MI Borisov et al.), But the State is still the standard does not allow the use of this species.
chemical composition .Grass series contains not less than 10 flavonoids, including lyuteolin- D-glyukopira-nozid, butein, sulfuretin, D-glucopyranoside buteina, to 6.5% of condensed tannins, red flobafen, conditioning color of water extracts, carotene, coumarin and umbelliferonescopoletin, 60-70 mg per 100 g of vitamin C, traces of essential oil, mucilage, amines, bitterness, y-lactones, and others.
Agrotechnics cultivation.Site selection.Under a series of water-loving plants should be given a moist, well-drained sites.
soil treatment is carried out in the same way as for other row crops.
fertilization. When the main plowing making 40 t / ha of humus or compost, along with mineral fertilizers at the rate of 30 kg / ha of active ingredient of nitrogen, phosphate and potash.The sowing period make granular superphosphate (8-10 kg / ha).
reproduction. alternate propagated by seeds that are sown in soil in spring or late fall.When podzimny sowing dry seeds of the crop produced in 3-fold higher than in the spring.Almost the same crop yields and spring planting stratified within two months of the seeds.North-lead drill SKON 4.2, equipped with flanges, disc coulters and Katochkov, with row spacing of 60 cm Seeding rate of 6-12 kg / ha, the depth of seal -.. 2-3 cm
Care plantations consists of 4-5inter-row hoeing and weeding the beds.In years with high humidity the plants fed nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer at the rate of 30 kg / ha of active ingredient.Cleaning the leaves and herbaceous upper parts of the stem to produce budding stage - in the early flowering manually 2 times during the summer.
The drying can be performed in the firing kilns, sheds, and in sunny weather - in the open air, avoiding direct sunlight.
Packaging.Raw packed in bags of 25 kg or 50 kg bales.
Storage.Keep on the shelves in a dry ventilated area.
Quality requirements.Raw materials must meet the requirements of the State Pharmacopoeia XI (FS-45, pp. 305-308).
Growing seeds. Agrotechnics seed plots is not very different from the conventional methods of cultivation of a culture, with the exception of the application of nitrogen fertilizer in half doses than recommended.Seeds collected as at separate mowing aboveground mass, drying it on the currents and obmolachivaya combines and harvesters at harvest directly during seed maturation.Seeds are treated at the grain cleaning machines, such as "Petkus".Harvest seeds 1.5-2 centners per 1 hectare.
Area seminal areas taking into account the insurance fund of seeds should be 6-8% of the commodity plantations.
Action and use .The pharmacological properties of the series are not well understood.
decoction of 15-30 g herb in 1 liter of water is used for bathing as a preventive remedy for scrofula (scrofula).Children bathe in the bath without soap 1 times a week by diluting the broth of boiled water.For treatment scrofula except baths that make three times a week, children prescribed broth from 10 grass g. 200 ml of water 1/2 teaspoon three times daily.
the treatment of psoriasis adult prescribe a decoction of herbs 25-20 g per 200 ml of water 2-3 tablespoons 3 times a day and externally 2,5-3% -ing ointment from an extract of 1: 1 on the basis of lanolin, petrolatumthat is rubbed into the skin one time per day.
decoction is also appointed as a diaphoretic for colds and as a diuretic in diseases of the urinary organs.
In medical cosmetics decoction rubbed the skin to make it soft, destruction of blackheads and pimples.Industry produces rectangular briquettes weighing 75 grass succession of grooves separated into 10 equal slices and round briquettes weighing 7.5 g
Uses: used as a diaphoretic for colds, diuretic in diseases of the urinary organs (cystitis, pyelonephritis), inpediatric practice for baths for diathesis.
Infusion grass succession - 20 g herb is ground to a size of 5 mm particles placed in a container (glass-lined or stainless steel), pour 200 ml of water at room temperature, sealed, heated in a boiling water bath with frequent stirring for 15 min, removed, cooled, filtered, added to 200 ml of water.Take 1 tbsp.l.2-3 times per day.In folk medicine, use the "Averin tea", consisting of equal parts of series and three-color violet (willow-wheat) and 0.5 hours. The stems of nightshade bittersweet.The broth is made from a string of 3 tbsp.l.herbs 2 cups water, boiled for 10 minutes;used for lotions.
Aboveground part series of ticks collected during budding, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, regulates metabolism and diuretic properties.
applied into the infusion succession as a diuretic and diaphoretic, as bitterness to improve appetite and digestion, with scrofula and exudative diathesis.The herb is used in pediatric practice for cooking medical baths, at different diatheses, accompanied by ur-tiharnoy rash, scrofula, seborrhea and dairy strufom head.
In folk medicine, a series of tripartite popular primarily due to its protivozolotushnomu property.It is administered orally in an aqueous infusion of tea for the treatment of scrofula, increasing appetite, improve digestion.
aqueous infusion or decoction of herbs use in exudative diathesis, rickets, gout, arthritis, diseases of the liver and spleen, drink when frightened, inflammation of the bladder, headaches;eczema drink and make lotions to the affected areas, and the same with skin manifestations of exudative diathesis, rheumatic lesions of the joints (arthritis).
tumble fresh grass or roots is applied to the wound by snake bite, applied to wounds and ulcers, which helps cleanse them from the pus, drying and more rapid healing, tissue regeneration.Decoction of herbs used for scrofula for baths, washing and wiping the best effect is given a bath with tea intake.
Broth: 4 tbsp.spoon herb in 1 liter of boiling water, insist night.Receiving (boiled 10 minutes) in half a glass of 3.4 times a day.
Infusion: 6 g per 200 ml;1 tbsp.spoon 4 times a day.Tea: herb brewed as a tea and drink with no dosage.For topical application: 50 or 100 g of the water bucket.
Tray of valerian and succession
required.4 glasses of beer, 50 g of crushed valerian root, 50 g of grass succession.
Method. Pour hot beer plants, insist 4 hours, strain.Infusion store in an airtight container.The temperature of the bath 30-40 degrees.
application method. Keep your hands in the bath for 15-20 minutes.This bath is recommended for numbness of the fingers and pain in the joints.
Infusion grass is a diuretic, diaphoretic, choleretic and bactericidal action.It improves digestion, normalizes impaired metabolism.
oil extract of the herb has anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect.
established experimentally that the tincture series with internal administration has a sedative effect, lowers blood pressure, increases heart rate, strengthens the contraction of smooth muscle organs.
As a means of improving the metabolism, infusion of herbs used in the different diatheses, accompanied by rash, with scrofula, neurodermatitis, seborrheic scalp injuries, arthritis, gout;as a diaphoretic - for colds;as a diuretic - for diseases of the urinary organs;as a vitamin remedy - in diseases of the lungs, ulcers on the skin and ulcerative colitis.To prevent children scrofula bathe without soap in a bath of broth succession once a week.For treatment
scrofula except baths children prescribed infusion ('10 grass 200 mL water) 0.5 teaspoon three times a day.In psoriasis, adult recommend decoction (25-30 g herb to 200 ml of water) 2-3 tablespoons 3 times a day and 2.5-3% -ing ointment from an extract of a succession of (cooked for 70% alcohol in a ratio ofraw material - the solvent of 1: 1).The ointment is prepared based on vaseline and lanoline in a ratio of 1: 1, which is rubbed into the skin one time per day.
Broth washed the wound.Rub the skin with acne and pimples.In gynecology decoction of herbs used for baths and mikroklizm with pelvic inflammatory disease.The crushed leaves of succession applied to wounds and ulcers.Contraindications are not revealed to the use of series of products.
infusion of hops and a succession
1 tbsp.spoon of hop cones, grass succession, 250 ml of water.
1 teaspoon of the mixture pour boiling water, to insist 2 hours, drain.
Take hot 3 times a day before meals.