Useful and therapeutic properties of bird cherry
Rosaceae family - Rosaceae
believed that the generic name is associated with the name of the river Po in Italy, on the shores of which were once abundant thickets of wild cherry.Species definition is derived from the Latin - "a rich tassels" and characterizes the bird cherry blossoms (long, drooping brush).
Botanical description.Prunus - deciduous shrub or tree up to 10 m Crown broadly..The trunk is covered with brownish-black bark, often cracked.On young branches bark brown, shiny, with a whitish-yellow, oblong lenticels.Bark, leaves, buds and other parts of the plant by trituration in hand has a specific odor.Leaves alternate, pointed elliptic, up to 15 and widths up to 7 cm. sharply serrated leaf edge.Each tooth ends in the red-brown piece of iron.The upper leaf surface matt, blue-green, the bottom - blue-gray.
Fragrant flowers develop from lateral buds on one-year shoots.They are collected in many-flowered drooping long brush.The flowers are disclosed together with the opening of leaves.The corol
Bird cherry blossoms in May - June.The fruits ripen in August.
Geographical distribution.Prunus distributed throughout the European part of the USSR (to the northern boundary of the forest-tundra), Siberia, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, in the Caucasus (mostly in the subalpine zone).In the Far East is growing very close view - Asian bird cherry - Padus asiatica cat that many authors rightly combined with bird cherry..Usually it grows on the banks of rivers, lakes, streams and other bodies of water, in wet forest glades and clearings, in light coniferous forests and oak forests, but it does not come, however, in the interior of the array, because does not like shade.In Belarus it is common.It is grown in gardens and parks.A good bee plant.
collection and drying.Mature fruit in the hands cut off by a pruning shear or tear, taking care not to injure the branches.Dried in kilns, ovens or dryers at a temperature not higher than 60 ° C.It is also possible to dry the air, in a darkened place, providing good ventilation.
dried brush is ground to separate the stalks and twigs and sifted through a sieve.
medicinal raw materials.The fruits of bird cherry - Fuctus Padi - spherical or oblong-ovate, sometimes to the top of some pointed, with a diameter of 8 mm, wrinkled, without stalks, with a round white scar at the site of its attachment.Stone is one with a diameter of 7 mm with a single seed.The surface of its cross-ribbed.
color black, matt, less shiny.Sometimes dried fruit can be a white coating of sugar (which is not a defect).The smell is not, taste astringent, tart, sour.
GOST 3318-74 allows the moisture content of not more than 14%;burnt or damaged fruit insects no more than 3%;unripe fruit (reddish-brown, brown) with unseparated peduncles not more than 4%;other parts of the bird cherry plants (stalks, twigs) of not more than 2%;organic impurities - 1%;Mineral - 0.5%.The presence of mold and rot is not allowed.
Raw packed in cloth bags with net weight not exceeding 50 kg, which is stored in a dry, well-ventilated warehouses in stacks of no more than 2.5 meters high.
chemical composition.Fruits contain sugar, organic acid, pectin, tannin and coloring matter.The bark, leaves, flowers and seeds contain a glycoside amygdalin, which is released by cleavage of hydrocyanic acid, so along with the glycoside is always possible to establish the existence and the free hydrocyanic acid.Amygdalin content in seeds is 1.5-1.8%, cortex - 2%.In leaves found 150-205 mg / 100 g of vitamin C. The fruit is rich in tannins.The leaves and fruits contain flavonoids (naringenin, kvertsi-meritrin, quercetin, kaempferol, cyanidin) and phenol carbonic acids (ferulic, caffeic, sina-povaya, coumaric-pair).
also established the presence of trimethylamine, resins, gums, essential oil, which has the smell of bitter almonds.
All parts of the plant contain a volatile, having an active antimicrobial action.
action and application.Decoctions, infusions, jelly and fruit drinks
made from cherry fruit have astringent properties and are used as an effective means protivoponosnoe.To prepare the broth 1 tablespoon of dried fruits pour 1 cup boiling water, boil for 20 minutes, then strain through cheesecloth.Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day.
recommended to prepare infusions of cherry fruit with blueberries.In a vessel pour 1 tablespoon dried fruit of these plants, pour 1 cup boiling water and insist 30 minutes, then strain.You can prepare the infusion in a thermos.Take at the same dosage as the broth.
In folk medicine, use the bird cherry is much wider.Infusion of fruits used in the form of lotions with conjunctivitis and keratitis.With the same purpose is also used infusion of flowers.Infusion of bark on vodka rub the sore spots in radiculitis and lumbago.Tea made from wild cherry leaves are used as an expectorant.There is also evidence (NG Kovalev) about sweatshops and antifebrile action of decoction of bark of young branches.