Useful and therapeutic properties of celandine
Poppy Family - Papaveraceae
generic name derives from the Greek cheli-don - swallow, as celandine blooms with the arrival of the swallows.
Botanical description.Perennial herb with a short rhizome vertical, which goes into the thick branched pridatochny root.Ustari roots of several plants.Inside they are yellow, red and brown on the outside.Stems erect, branched at the top, or bottom of a naked rejected hairs, up to 100 cm tall.Leaves alternate, lower - petiolate, upper - sessile, non-parnoperistorassechennye with 7-11 segments of round or ovoid with crenate edge.
flowers are golden yellow, collected in umbellate inflorescences.The calyx consists of two sepals that fall at blooming flowers.Corolla - four free petals.Many stamens and pistil one with top unilocular ovary.
Fruit - struchkovidnaya box, opening two, I flaps from the bottom up.Seeds are small, black and brown, with a white comb appendage that ants eat.At the same time they carry seeds, contributing to the spread of the plant.For this reas
All parts of celandine contain orange milky juice.
blooms from May to July, and in the southern regions for a fortnight before.The fruits ripen in June.When cutting is observed secondary bloom in July - August.
plant is poisonous!
Geographical distribution.It grows as a weed in parks and gardens on vacant lots near the property, fences, in forest, at logging sites.It occurs in the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, in the mountains of East Kazakhstan and Central Asia, Siberia.Sometimes it forms thickets.
collection and drying.Gather all the above-ground part in the second half of April - May - early July, cutting with knives or sickles.
dried in attics, under a tin roof, under the scales on or in the dryer at a temperature of 50-60 °.
medicinal raw materials.Ready raw material - grass celandine (Herba Chelidonii) consists of leafy with flowers and fruits of different maturity slightly ribbed stem up to 30-50 cm lyre-shaped leaves with slices gorodchatolopastnymi..The upper side of the leaves green, bottom - glaucous, along the veins covered voleskami.
Smell peculiar taste bitter and pungent.
chemical composition.Grass Celandine contains alkaloids (chelidonine, sanguinarine, helidamin, pro-Taupin, sparteine, traces of berberine, etc..), Amines (choline, histamine, tyramine and methylamine), flavonoids (rutin, kaempferol and quercetin), tannins, organic acids (citric, succinic and malic acid), derivatives of gamma pyrone (helidonovuyu acid), vitamins (C and carotene, and other saponins.).
action and application.Milky juice of celandine works well as an analgesic agent for diseases of the liver and gall bladder, with catarrh of the stomach, bowel, diarrhea, digestive problems.
Inside celandine prescribed in small doses (poisonous!) Under regular medical supervision in the form of infusion - from 3-5, the raw material per 200 ml of water a tablespoon 3 times a day.Juice of celandine is used for cauterization of warts, genital warts, with the initial forms of lupus, to remove calluses.Applied to areas of the body fluid, 3 times a day.