Useful and therapeutic properties of Salvia officinalis

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

salvia officinalis l.

family Labiatae (Lamiaceae) - Lamiaceae

generic name derives from the Latin sal-vus - healthy, as the plant is medicinal.The specific definition - "Pharmacy" indicates the same.

Botanical description.Shrub with woody roots.Stems several, branching, height 20-50 cm lower -. Woody, upper - grassy tetrahedral.Leaves diagonally opposite, petiolate, young - white-tomentose.The flowers are blue-purple, collected at 6-10 in false whorls,

forming apical racemose inflorescence.Pedicels short.Bilabiate Cup, with five teeth, pubescent.Corolla two-lipped.Unlike other Lamiaceae stamens 2, hidden under the upper lip.Pestle with top chetyrehlopastnym ovary.Fruit - fractional, is divided into four nuts.

Flowers in June - July.The fruits ripen in September.

Geographical distribution.In our country, it is not found in the wild growing in the Mediterranean.Cultivated in state farms of medicinal plants are cultivated on an area of ​​450-600 hectares in Ukraine, Moldova, the Krasnodar Territory.

Plantations use 4-6 years, after which the plow.Older plants are bad winter, and crops gradually izrezhivayut Xia.To slow down the "aging" of the spring crop is half the length of the stem, which increases tillering.

propagated by seed.They are sown in early spring or late autumn in wide way with a width between 60 cm ryadiyami.

collection and drying.Collecting raw mechanized.During the summer several times mow reaper or combines the tops of shoots 13-15 cm in length, was dried in a dryer at a temperature of 30-40 °.When the plants will lose 50-60% moisture, the temperature was increased-to 50-60 °.After drying, the plants are threshed, discarding the stems.Seeds harvested from plants neskashivaemyh.

medicinal raw materials ... Finished - sage leaf (Folium Salviae) consists of stemmed, oblong-lanceolate with a blunt tip of the leaf.At the base of the leaf blade sometimes there are one or two oblong, small blade.Edge melkogorodchaty sheet.The largest leaves of 6 to 10 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide. The surface evenly wrinkled with reticulate venation.Color grayish-green;old leaves - green, and young - silvery white.

smell of fragrant, spicy taste bitter, astringent.

Art.GPC 282 and GOST 6715-57 admit: moisture less than 14%;Ash not more than 12%;blackened and browned leaves no more than 5%;sage other parts of 10%;shredded pieces, passing through a sieve with a hole diameter of 3 mm and not more than 3%;

organic impurities not more than 0.5%;Mineral impurities are not more than 0.5%;essential oil content of not less than 1%.

chemical composition.Sage leaf contains up to 2.5% essential oil, 4% of condensed tannins, ursolic and oleanolic acid, diterpenes, bitter substances, 5-6% of resinous substances, flavonoids, coumarin and other esculetin.

The composition of essential oils include up to 15cineol%, 30-50% and tuyola thujone, pinene, Salvia, borneol, camphor, sesquiterpene peel and other terpenoids.

action and application.Cineole essential oil has antibacterial properties, with associated Phytoncidal properties of the plant.Tannins exhibit astringent action, and flavonoids - choleretic.

infusion of '20 feedstock per 200 ml of water 2-3 tablespoons 3 times a day is prescribed for night sweats, to reduce the formation of milk in nursing mothers, bronchitis, stomach and intestinal inflammation, diarrhea, flatulence, inflammation of the liver andgallbladder.It contraindicated in kidney inflammation and strong cough.

The same infusion is used for rinsing in inflammatory processes of the mouth and throat, tonsillitis, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.