Rosehip useful properties
Rosehip - the closest relative of the rose.Terry dog-roses are called: Rose Park.As with real roses, these Rosehip Seed box dry, jam it does not cook.But many species of wild roses have decorative fleshy shell instead of boll, here it's just a vysokovitaminnym product, and in the fruit of wild rose any vitamins enough.But, of course, the fruit of wild roses of vitamin disproportionately (as brew rose hip).The fruits of this vitamin is easily distinguished from wild rose.wild fruits, or any other wild rose on sepals, which remain on the fruit.Do vitamin varieties they are directed forward, and in wild-type or decorative, they folded back (as it lies on the berries).Breeding of wild rose engaged even Michurin, and basically it was his class and travel across our garden plot.At a time when interest in the briar reappeared, many nurseries have been cultivated planting material.
plant quite unpretentious, if catch hold of the land, then it does not destroy any stump.Certainly it appears to chose the plac
hardiness and drought-resistant, richly and beautifully flowering fragrant flowers.Ornamental species, especially terry form, have a long flowering (practically they bloom all summer with a small break in the middle of summer).Vitamin dog-roses bloom briefly and amicably.Gradually expanding, form a whole thicket, impenetrable and prickly, so they can be used to create hedges.But aging stems about every 3-4 years should be cut to the ground, otherwise your fence gradually turn into dead wood.
best Rosehip grows and bears fruit in full sun, but it is reconciled with the penumbra, and even shadow.However, in the shadows, he almost did not bloom.
Planting rose hips, as well as all shrubs, should be at the end of summer and beginning of autumn, but in practice they are quite easy to take root in the spring and early summer, too.After landing requires regular watering until the plant does not take root.
Fertilizing need for an abundant harvest, and rose, planted as a fence, and can not be fed and watered.Most suitable for fertilizing fresh manure (as for roses), diluted with water 1:10 or bird droppings, diluted with water 1: 20. Fertilizing should be given at the beginning of the summer.If there is no manure, then slipped under a bush along the perimeter of its crown any organic material, including nepereprevshuyu, and, at least, do not remove it from under the autumn leaves discarded, then he will feed himself.
Rosehip is easily propagated by cuttings or root suckers.You can propagate it by seeds, which are best sown in the ground immediately after collecting berries.
Botanical description .Rosehip -. Deciduous shrub 0,2-7 m almost always have spikes that reach their full development in two-, three-year branches.Annual shoots are equipped with thin and soft spines.We rose cinnamon branch switchgrass, thin, with shiny bark brownish-red or brownish-red color;the young shoots at the bottom are the many subtle and almost straight spines, spikes on the top rare, opposite, slightly bent downward and slightly expanded to the base.Flowering branches are often deprived of thorns.Dahurian Rose - erect shrub with numerous branches of the rigid thin and paired spines arranged at the base of branches.We rose echinated arched branches, densely covered with spines.Rose Beggera characterized by the presence of sickle curved yellowish spines.At Fedchenko rose branches bare, large spikes, solid, straight, strongly enhanced at the base.Rose dog has arcuate elongated branches, covered with green or reddish-brown bark without bluish bloom.Spines are rare, alternate, bent down, at the base of the enlarged flattened.Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate, with two stipules, which grow together with petioles.We rose cinnamon leaves 4-9 cm long, consisting of 5-7 oblong elliptical serrated leaflets.They are on top of bluish-green with thick hairs, bottom - naked.We rose from echinated leaves broadly to uzkoprodolgovatoy form glubokozubchatye, glaucous, hairless (vodoski available only in the veins).In Dahurian Rose leaves usually consist of 7 oblong or oval-shaped leaves, narrowed toward both ends.They are on top of the bare, bottom-pubescent at the base entire, to the top of glubokopilchatye.Do roses dog odd-pinnate leaves usually consist of 5-9 (usually 7) leaflets elliptic or ovate, pointed to the top, with ostrodvoyakopilchatym edge.
Flowers bisexual, usually single, sometimes collected in corymbose or paniculate inflorescence.Corolla large, pyatilepestnoy colored petals, obovate or obratnoserdtsevidnoy form.Sepals 5. Stamens and pistils of a lot.We rose cinnamon flowers solitary, purple, diameter of about 5 cm, on short leafless stalks.In echinated roses flowers pink or dark pink, single or placed 2-3.We rose Dahurian temnorozovye flowers, about 4 cm in diameter.Rose Beggera characterized by the presence of white flowers with a diameter of 2-4 cm, often collected in the paniculate inflorescence or shield.In the dog rose pale pink and white flowers with a diameter of 2-8 cm are often grouped by 3-5 in corymbose inflorescences.
Fruits false. They are sprawling fleshy, pubescent inside hypanthium (enlarged receptacle), which are the true fruits - seeded nutlets.Colouring and fruit size can vary depending on the hips.So, they rose cinnamic sharovidnyeovalnye or spindle-shaped, scarlet-red color;in echinated roses - red, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, or pear-shaped obratnogrushevidnoy;Dahurian a rose fruit spherical or oblong-ovate, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, red.dog rose Fruits oval-oblong or round-shaped, smooth, red, up to 2 cm. Sepals pinnatifid, after flowering facing down and fall off when ripe fruit.
Rosehip blossom in the second half of May - June.The fruits ripen in August - September.
Geographical distribution .Numerous types of roses are common in the temperate and subtropical zones of the northern hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, Ethiopia, Afghanistan and India.It grows in North America (to Mexico), and the Philippine Islands.We derive a huge number of garden forms and varieties of roses (over 10 thousand).Rosehip grows in sparse forests, forest edges, among the thickets of shrubs, meadows and river valleys.
Rosa majalis is found almost throughout the European part of the former Soviet Union, except the steppe regions of Ukraine and the Caucasus, in Siberia (in the east of its range reaches the lake. Lake Baikal).The main areas of rosehip blanks are in densely populated areas of Russia.Recently forestries of Belarus began to grow Rosa majalis.
Rosa acicularis found in the north of the European part and Siberia.
Types of Dahurian wild rose and Fedchenko are of local importance in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Irkutsk and Chita regions and in the Far East.Rosehip Beggera - in Central Asia.
Rosa Canina is particularly abundant in the south of Ukraine, Moldova, Crimea, the Caucasus.
All kinds of wild rose grown in gardens and parks.Often prefer decorative rose - rosa rugosa -. Rosa rugosa Thunb, growing on the coasts of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk, the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean, in the Primorye and southern Khabarovsk Territories, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands and south of Kamchatka, as flowers in hislarger with dark crimson petals.
collection and drying. Collect ripe, but not overripe fruit with a dense texture and color, typical of this type.Frostbitten raw materials should not be collected because the thaw following the freezing entail large losses of ascorbic acid and other vitamins.Cleaning is done carefully (in canvas gloves), avoiding damage to the branches.When harvesting the fruit to retain the sepals.It is dried in the dryer, furnace or oven at a temperature of 80-100 °, and good ventilation.Fruits are spread in a thin layer.Fast drying rose hips promotes better preservation of vitamin C. It is proved, for example, drying at 40 to 50 ° leads to a drop of vitamin C fruits of almost 50%, while only 17-20% are at a temperature of 80-90 ° loss.After drying, the fruit is ground to a sieve to remove the sepals.
Medicinal raw .Rose hips - Fructus Rosae.In accordance with the requirements of Art.GF 293 X and GOST 1994-76 dried whole fruit should be characterized by the following indicators: the dimensions - length 0,7-3 cm in diameter - 0,6-1,7 cm;color - from orange-red to brownish-red.On the individual fruits are stored sepals directed upwards and sometimes at the top of his closed (for the fruit of dog rose sepals are bent down, they usually fall off before ripening.).The walls of the dried fruits of hard, brittle, shiny outer surface (less matte), more or less wrinkled.Inside the fruit richly lined with long, very stiff bristly hairs.Nuts are small, light-yellow, sometimes slightly brownish.The smell is not, taste sour, sweet, slightly astringent.
Raw materials must meet the following numerical indicators.
Whole fruit: moisture not more than 14%;total ash not more than 3%;rosehip parts (stems, branches, sepals and fruit with peduncles) not more than 1%;blackened, burnt, damaged by pests and the fruits of their parts is not more than 1%;crushed fruits including nuts passing through a sieve № GOST 214-77 30 holes with a diameter of 1 mm, not more than 3%;organic impurities (other parts of plants) is not more than 0.5%;mineral impurities (sand, soil) is not more than 0.5%.The presence of mold and rot is not allowed.The content of ascorbic acid in the whole raw vysokovitaminnyh grades should be less than 1%, and for nizkovitaminnogo not regulated.
Dried fruits are packaged in 25-40 kg bags.Store in a dry, shady, ventilated warehouses.The bags are stacked on shelves or podtovarniki.
also harvested separately fruitlets (peanuts), which serve as raw material for oil.
chemical composition. fruits contain from 0.9 to 8.1% sugar (mainly glucose, fructose and sucrose), 0,9-3,7% of organic acids (mainly citric and malic part) and 1,8-3,7%pectins.Various types differ greatly in briar content of nutrients in the fruit, including vitamins.Rosehip - a multivitamin plant.The fruit pulp found considerable amounts of ascorbic acid (17% dry basis), carotene (0,7-8 mg / 100 g), vitamin B1, B2, PP, K, of pantothenic acid, flavonoids, and phenolic acids.Of the flavonoids isolated giperozid, astragalin, kvertsitrin, kaempferol, and others. The high vitamin value of different fruits rose cinnamon, echinated, Dahurian vysokovitaminnyh and other species.dog rose Fruits usually contain 0.5-1% of vitamin C (rarely up to 1.5-2%).
found in the leaves of wild rose to 300 mg / 100 g of vitamin C in rose - 130 mg / 100 g
nuts set in the presence of vitamin E (4.9 mg of 1,3- / 100 g) and fatty oils (7-10%) consisting primarily of glycerides of unsaturated acids.
Rose hips have the highest vitamin A value in the period of full maturity.With over ripeness vitamin content decreases.Wild rose growing in the northern and north-eastern parts of the country, is richer in vitamins, compared with the southern forms.
Action and use .Fresh and dried fruits rose hips vysokovitaminnyh species used for the prevention and treatment of hypo-and avitaminosis, as well as a tonic.In folk medicine - in gastritis with low and high acidity, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, liver and gall bladder, kidneys (especially in the presence of sand and stones), anemia, hypertension, atherosclerosis, as well as a fortifying agent in infectious diseases,. in the postoperative period, etc. Most often, prepare an infusion of dried fruit (whole or chopped), 1 tablespoon of whole fruit (pre-shredded), pour a glass of boiling water (if the infusion is prepared from peeled fruit, then a tablespoon take two cups of water)heated to boiling and boiled for at most 10 minutes.The vessel was then removed from the fire and the fruit infused for 24 hours (crushed fruits insist no more than 3 hours), filtered through cheesecloth and take 1 / 4- 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day (half an hour before eating).Boiling fruits should be performed in an enamel pan with the lid closed (to prevent oxidation of ascorbic acid).It is possible to prepare water extraction and in a thermos, insisting raw material for the night.
To improve the taste, you can add to the infusion of sugar, sugar syrup or fruit juice.The infusion is recommended to cook every day, but no more than 2 days (stored in the refrigerator).
Because condensed water extract of the fruit of the dog rose hips and sugar syrup cooked - holosas.It is prescribed for diseases of the biliary tract 1 teaspoon to receive 2-3 times a day.
oil from nuts (seeds) and rosehip oil extract from the pulp of the fruit karotolin effective in the treatment of fractures and abrasions nipples, pressure ulcers, venous ulcers, skin diseases, ozeny (fetid rhinitis) and ulcerative colitis.
Useful and therapeutic properties of rosehip May
Indications used rosehips as a choleretic agent for the treatment of kidney stones and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and reducing the production of hydrochloric acid and enzymes.
Harvesting and storage: rosehips collected until frost at full ripeness.At home, the raw material is dried in an oven at a temperature of 90-100 ° C, avoiding overcooking.Raw materials should have a brownish color.Store in a sealed container for 2 years.
dosage form: To prepare 2 tablespoons.l.dried crushed fruits pour 1 cup hot water, boil for 10 minutes on low heat, insist 30 minutes and strain.Store in a tightly sealed container for up to 2 days.Take 0.5 cup 2-3 times a day.
Treatment of laryngitis
5 Art.spoons of rose hips, 1 tbsp.Spoon ginseng roots, 1 liter of water.
Dried rosehip berries free from seeds, pound, pour 800 ml of cold water.Put on the fire, boil for 10 minutes.Infuse in a thermos for 4-6 hours, drain.Separately grind ginseng roots, pour 200 ml of hot water, put on fire, stand 15 minutes.The broth to cool to room temperature and strain.Then add broth hips.Both drink mix, strain.
Take slowly, in small sips 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day.
According to its dietary, medicinal properties wild rose stands apart from the competition: from it is prepared infusions, decoctions, syrups, medicinal teas, jams, candy, jam, puree, jam, jelly, cocktails, sweets, desserts.
most often do broth. suffices to take 100 grams of dried rose hips, lightly crush pestle, to remove the vacated hair, pour a liter of water, boil in a pan for 5-7 minutes, let it brew for 2-3 hours, strain through three layers of cheesecloth and use for drinking - forpolstakana 2-3 times a day.If
boiled whole fruit, their boiled for 10 min, placed in a flask and infused for 10 hours. To improve palatability added 5 10 g of sugar or honey.
To prepare different tasty and healthy dishes good to have syrup. Fresh fruits, freed from the seeds, thoroughly washed in cold water to get rid of hair, crushed in a meat grinder, boil for 10 minutes, add sugar syrup, continue to cook for 15-20 minutes, strain through a sieve and pour into bottles.
At 1 kg of fruit takes 1 kg of sugar and 6 cups of water.
much lighter and easier to cook syrup of wild rose petals.In 1 liter of water was dissolved 700 g of sugar, and heated to the boiling sugar syrup obtained is poured 30 g of petals of wild rose.Bring to the boil and leave to cool in the pan on a closed 10 -12 hours. Store in a glass jar or bottle, not separating the lobes of the syrup.
number medicinal teas rosehip reaches several tens.Shelf life 2 years.water.Strain.spoon.Strain, squeeze out the raw materials and top up with boiled water to the original volume.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour.Take as a tea 1-2 times a day over a glass.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil and infuse for 1 hour.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Take 0.5 cup 2-3 times a day.Take half a cup 3 times a day.10 g of the mixture, pour a glass of boiling water, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, cool 45 minutes.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil and infuse for 30-40 minutes.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, infuse 30-40 minutes.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil and infuse for 30-40 minutes.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, boil in water bath for 10 minutes, insist 2 hours.Take half a cup 3 times a day.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour.Take as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drain.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drain.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, drain.Take 0.5 cup 2-3 times a day.Take 0,5 cup 3 times a day.Take 0,5 cup 3 times a day.Take half a cup 3 times a day.Take half a cup 3 times a day.Drink as a tea 1-2 glasses per day.Spoon collection pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour.Drink as a tea with honey 1-2 cups a day.Tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, insist 1 hour.Drink as a tea with honey 1-2 cups a day.