Botanical Portrait hibiscus
plants of the family Malvaceae - hibiscus - got their name because of the numerous places of growth.Their homeland is considered Southeast Asia, but they are free to grow in Africa, and the South American continent.In America, they form a wet floodplain meadows whole thickets, richly covered with flowers.For a lot of love to moisture where they are called "marsh mallow".Most members of the genus hibiscus - perennial deciduous or evergreen shrubs, rarely small trees.In nature, there are about 300 species.
Hibiscus Chinese Rose is originally from southern China and northern India.Its bred everywhere, but in the wild it is found there is no longer in those countries.This tree-like shrub or small tree up to 5 m, with brownish, sometimes almost black bark on older shoots.There are dwarf hibiscus -. The size of a little over 40 cm
leaves are bright green, toothed on the edge, up to 15 cm, alternate, petiolate, ovate or oval, hairless, shiny.The flowers are simple and double, to 15 cm in diameter, a variety
Sudanese rose (Hibiscus sabdariffa), which is called the Hibiscus flowers, native to northeast Africa.Contrary to the name, the raw material for the elite drink Hibiscus delivered not from the arid Sudan, and from areas of Upper Egypt and the mouth of the Nile.For the cultivation of food grade requires a high content of moisture in the soil, high temperature, and for flowering - longitude of the day and even at least 12 hours.
Another type - a Syrian rose Ketmen (Hibiscus syriacus), a native of China and India.It is a deciduous tree, often growing shrub with gray trunks, ovate serrated bright green leaves similar to leaves of birch, and smaller than that of the Chinese rose, flowers of various colors - from white to crimson, sometimes bicolor, simple and terry.We grow it as a houseplant.It grows rather slowly Syrian hibiscus,
piety and fruits from three-four years old.It may, under favorable conditions, live up to 100 years.It's suitable for growing in the open field.Gardeners happy to use Ketmen for soliternyh (single) and group plantings, to create hedges and alleys.Growing up, the bushes are more winter-hardy and can withstand short-term drop in temperature to - 22 ° C.Hibiscus Syrian widespread in the southern regions of Russia, and is familiar to local fans of exotic plants.It propagated by cuttings, layering, grafting, seeds.
Not so long ago appeared in the room culture hibiscus hybrid.Its flowers look like the flowers of Chinese rose, leaves resemble the leaves of maple.In winter, the upper part of the plant dies and the land remain to winter korneklubni powerful.Hibiscus hybrids derived, which can be successfully grown in open ground, even in our middle band - in a fairly harsh winter.
propagated by dividing the bushes or cuttings.
for sale can be found the seeds of hibiscus ternate;It is an annual plant native from North and Central Africa.For this kind of punctuality hibiscus called "flower clock": its exquisite flowers open at 8am and close at 9 pm.
hibiscus naturally grow long in the indoor environment of their age with good care can reach 20 years.By soil undemanding, but it should be well-drained.In warm regions hibiscus grows well even in environmentally disadvantaged cities - so it is smoke and gazoustoychiv.