Indian onions, or ornithogalum (Ornithogalum).
«Indian onions", "Mongol bow" - a popular name of only one type ornithogalum - caudate (Ornithogalum caudatum).Indian called him, most likely, for burning juice secreted by the leaves - by association with a sharp Indian spices.
Some of our fans houseplants ornithogalum tailed appeared on the windowsills 30 years ago.Then he still has not called Indian onions.All these years, since the advent of the caudate ornithogalum in the USSR, the plant studied botany, but its healing properties when it is nowhere mentioned.Scientists are simply not interested in them.To find out what a Indian onions, helped people ineradicable belief in the healing properties of the majority of plants.Someone put a fresh sheet for the first time to the joints of patients because no other funds are not helping.And the excruciating pain receded.And then people began to share recipes - and a headache, and from sciatica and gout, and boils ... All descriptions of ointments, tinctures, h
first ornithogalum tailed describe the ancient Greeks over two millennia ago.There is historical evidence that the pupil of Aristotle, the ancient Greek naturalist Theophrastus specially cultivated bulbous plants, including ornithogalum, for the preparation of medicinal ointments.Initially ornithogalum were "tamed" it is because of their medicinal properties.Ornamental this plant was much later - in the gardens of Italy, Portugal, France and Holland.In Europe and Asia have been found and described his new species.Over the past 2000 years, people in various countries have repeatedly appealed to the healing ornithogalum action.But we scientists are still somehow relate them exclusively to the decorative bulbous perennials, our official medicine they are not interested.
Botanical portrait of Indian onions
Rhode ornithogalum refers to the great family of the lily (Liliaceae).However, according to modern classification, family is divided into several independent families, and our ornithogalum hit the family now hyacinth (Hyacinthaceae).According to various sources, the plant employs 130 to 200 species.In nature, it grows in the subtropics and also in temperate regions in Europe, Asia and Africa.Most species ornithogalum in our country can be seen in the Botanical Garden in St. Petersburg.
scientific name ornithogalum - ornitoga-lum (Ornithogalum) - literally translated as "bird's milk" (the Greek word "Ornis" - a bird and "Gala" - milk).
Leaves radical, linear, usually appear in spring, but in some species - in the fall.The flowers are mostly white, sometimes - yellowish, most plants on the outer side of the tepals visible green bar.One rare species - Ornithogalum dubium (Ornithogalum dubium) - stands out a bright yellow-orange colored flowers.Many ornithogalum flowers like stars.This feature ornitogalyuma reflected in its English title - Star of Bethlehem, Star of Bethlehem.
Fruit - capsule with multiple facets, contain flat round black seeds.Bulbs dense, round or ovoid, sometimes elongated, covered with durable scales.All ornithogalum onion perennial, roots also can be both annual and perennial.
ornitogalyumy Gardeners love for what they begin to bloom in early spring - along with tulips, crocuses and daffodils.Already in late April - early May, due to the different types of ornithogalum, even the most modest little garden can manifest itself quite finished landscape.
It should give a detailed picture of our main character - in fact we are going to be treated with its help.Leaves ornithogalum caudate relatively narrow;at the bottom, as it were a little unopened, folded;the middle of the sheet - the most extensive (in large specimens to see b).leaves can be up to a meter.The large leaves hang, nadlamyvayas between, say more - "lodge".Many believe that in terms of decorative Indian onions no particular interest.The ends of the leaves, rolled into a tube, dry, like many plants with lanceolate leaves.You can prune them, but such a plant does not look very aesthetically pleasing.Some growers are making the bright green leaves, feeding ornithogalum organic fertilizers for indoor plants, but it is important not to overdo it.However, if you use an Indian bow as a therapeutic agent, it does not really matter what it looks like - still have to cut the leaves.
ornithogalum roots in numerous, white, threadlike, like normal onions, but much thicker.
Arrow-spike reaches one meter in length.Inflorescence is really reminiscent of fluffy tail.In addition to the buds, and there are thin green needles sitting on stalks.Flowers are small, about 8 mm in diameter - 6 6 petals and stamens.A characteristic feature of flowers ornithogalum caudate - longitudinal green stripe in the middle of each petal.Bulb - white, slightly yellow clothes - thin dry scales.
close relatives ornithogalum caudate worth noting ornithogalum umbrella, white brandushki (Omithogalum itcheIaYt, Star of Bethlehem).
grows in Central Europe.Plant height reaches 30 cm flowers of this species ornithogalum white and 2.5 cm in diameter each, like the stars, are collected in inflorescences that resemble umbrellas, -.. Up to 20 cm in the sunlight flowers face up close for the night.It contains an alkaloid colchicine.In Europe, it is widely used in homeopathy and also in the official pharmacology for preparing medicinal ointments.
ornithogalum Pyrenean (Pontiac) (Omithogalum pyrenaicum L.)
grows in the Caucasus, the Crimea, in the south of the European part of Russia, in Central Asia.Meet it can be in open forests, steppes, as well as a weed in fields and plantations.At the peduncle reaches 75 cm in height.Large pyramidal inflorescence consists of 60-70 white flowers, each 2-3 cm in diameter.. Leaves are narrow, linear, blue-green 2 cm wide and up to 40 cm Blooms in late May - early June for 20-25 days.After flowering pedicels pressed to the stem.The fruit - ovate triangular boxes.Bulbs ovoid forms the base of leaves, 3-4 cm in diameter and a length of 4-5 cm. Ornithogalum Pyrenean Propagated by seeds.In the Caucasus, growing in beech forests.After the start of flowering leaves him die, because the plant is not enough light in the shade of broad-leaved forests.The leaves are produced in early spring onion and help stock up nutrients in order to use them during flowering.
This is the only known species ornithogalum whose bulb can be eaten.Mentioned in some reference for tourists, geologists, hunters and fishermen, in the sections on survival in extreme conditions.Indeed, bulbs ornithogalum Pyrenees can be eaten in baked form.Mountain tourists bake them like potatoes in the coals of the fire.It looks like a regular bow, however, the taste quite specific, however, as many wild plants which have not become under normal conditions.Residents of those areas where it grows, eat it like a normal onion, fried and marinated, and harvested for future use.
There have been cases when small flower bulbs (tulips, daffodils, amaryllis, ornithogalum caudate) took over the onions, crumbled in salads and prepared poisoning.Sometimes children try pretty bulbs.Therefore, any bulbs dug in the winter, it is best stored in inaccessible places.And the adult is better not to have a snack Pyrenean onion bulbs, if you are not sure 100 percent that this is it.
At the first signs of poisoning: Immediately call "ambulance", cause vomiting, stomach wash water or a pink solution of potassium permanganate.Take a laxative.If the juice was ornithogalum mucous - rinse the mouth, nose and throat with a weak solution of baking soda.
Treatment of Indian onions
When gout and joint pains
When gout attacks and arthritis, doctors often prescribe colchicine tablets, which we have already spoken.In the home first aid "from the Indian onion" - rub the affected joint with fresh juice and put on wool socks, if the joints of the foot, or tie a woolen scarf, if other joints.
Another way of getting rid of the pain during a gout attack - make Indian onions chopped leaves boiled water, under cover for 10-15 minutes, diluted to tolerable temperature (if the infusion of many and he has not had time to cool down), pour into a bowl with water.Keep infusion legs until the water remains warm, then wipe their feet dry, and wear wool socks.
If you have arthritis or chronic recurrent gouty attacks - better stock ornithogalum infusion of leaves, prepared it in advance.
These are serious injuries, symptoms that do not so noticeable.Fresh juice is good treats bruises, but sometimes, even with a very strong injury (such as back or lumbar) pain is there, but the swelling, changes in skin color - no.In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor - to make sure that no damage internal organs.If the trauma did not find anything, but the pain does not go away, you can prepare a special rubbing - it is used not only for injuries but also for neuralgic pain in the lower back, as well as bronchitis or tracheitis.An additional component of the Indian onions in this case - honey.It softens the skin, promotes penetration therethrough ornithogalum biologically active substances.Take 3 sheets of Indian onions, crushed, mixed with a tablespoon of honey and 1 egg yolk, stir.Mass applied to the affected area, gently rub the skin with circular motions massage, brush off "squeezed out" pieces of onion and immediately imposes warming bandage with cotton or woolen cloth.If burning a long time does not pass, you need to wash off with warm water and a means to lubricate the skin soothing neutral cream or sea buckthorn oil mixed with cream, and apply a bandage again.If the house has a pre-prepared alcoholate Indian onion leaves, instead of fresh pulp can be used for rubbing it up.
In diseases of veins
In diseases of the veins of the legs to relieve puffiness and reduce seizures can use oil dressing.Prepare the oil balm based on Indian onion juice (see. Above).Bandage covering the entire leg from the toes to the upper thigh.Balm has a slight thermal effect (especially if there is inflammation) and long retains weak irritation of many nerve endings.This dressing can be kept for several days, it protects the sore feet from mechanical, temperature and other stimuli, and is like a continuously operating physiotherapy.The bandage improves vascular tone, stimulates blood circulation and nutrition of tissues.
Danger to apply compresses with Indian onion juice and tincture and salve to rub sore feet thrombophlebitis, especially in the acute stage.
With ornithogalum juice can reduce not too large hemorrhoids in the anus, relieve the unpleasant symptoms that accompany them, - itching, burning.Those who have tested this tool on itself, recommended oil enema with such a mixture: 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil (warmed in a water bath and ostuzhennoy to body temperature), several drops of fresh juice or tincture of Indian onions leaves.After the introduction of the oil mixture into the anus need to lie down for 15 minutes, making sure that the oil does not follow what lay under her pillow.
warts smeared with fresh juice of the leaves is applied ornithogalum or a tiny piece of sheet and attach its adhesive.
called myositis inflammation of skeletal muscle.For its treatment Indian onion juice used in the form of freshly cut leaves, ointments and tinctures.
When radiculitis, osteochondrosis
Indian onion juice rub the sore spot, and an additional spread with juice or tincture of the skin along the spine on both sides.If you are afraid that the juice or tincture of Indian onions will be strongly burn the skin, and the area in which the apparent pain due to sciatica, is quite extensive, it is possible instead of rubbing the whole waist to make juice "mesh" on the type of iodine.When rubbing the waist hands should be warm.It is better to ask is did someone from home.After the procedure, you can wrap the loins anything woolen and stay in bed.
In diseases of the respiratory
One of the main symptoms of the disease - coughing.To combat them using Indian onion leaves instead of pepper patch - for example, for the treatment of tracheitis and even bronchitis.Applied on a piece of sheet just below the collarbone on both sides, but closer to the middle of the chest and fix the mini-packs in the usual plaster.Very soon begins to move away mucus, it becomes easier to breathe and cough.However, unlike pepper patch, which is allowed to keep and for two days, Indian onion leaves is better to remove already after 2-3 hours, it depends on the individual characteristics of your skin.And of course, with the mini-compress better not leave the house, and even after, as you take off, at least two hours.Therefore, a better compresses impose any evening.
when coughing can also combine the juice of freshly cut leaves of Indian onions from a small amount of honey, stir thoroughly and rub this mass back or chest (but do not overdo it, to capture only the "stagnant" area).Immediately after rubbing - wear cotton T-shirt and a wool sweater.The best way - to go to bed and take cover with a blanket.
Fresh juice of leaves smeared with the gum near the tooth of the patient.Only we have to act carefully so as not to hit the juice on the mouth and on the tongue.Better to take a small piece of cloth or cotton wool and apply to the affected area for 10 minutes, and then all spit and rinse your mouth with warm water.Particular caution people apply topically Juice - lightly rub the cheekbone in the gums and make the bandage of wool fabric.
Take a piece of leaf, mash it and lightly rub the temples or back of the head, or (very carefully!) Nose.The pain goes away after 10 minutes.Doctors attribute this effect to the action of biologically active substances that improve blood circulation, increase blood flow.The action is essentially the same as that in the chamber, - irritant, stimulating.
«sores» gently smeared juice several times a day.Be sure that the tool is not got to the mucous membranes of the mouth.However, it is not all equally valid.Someone once is enough grease impending sore, and it disappears, and some have to treat fever, when the bubbles have burst.For the treatment of herpes is also suitable ornithogalum leaves and flower tincture tincture (see. Section on the home cosmetics).
Attention!If the bubbles have burst cold sores, you can not use the juice of Indian onions in combination with any ointment.Guba could "blow up", there inflammation and swelling, and then have to treat sore for at least three weeks, and then monthly.Before using the juice of freshly cut leaves of Indian onions to be treated the wound with hydrogen peroxide.
When abscesses and boils
In these cases, the fresh juice of Indian onion is used as a lotion.But not on open wounds!The juice mixed with warm water (about half), the wetting fluid gauze or a soft cloth is applied to boils and make a bandage.Care should be taken so that the gauze remained damp under a bandage, so it will have to change the bandage or wet through several times.Better yet, put the oil-balsamic mixture (see. Above).
Juice or tincture ornithogalum has to delay action, at the same time removing the swelling and improve blood supply to the tissues.