name "Kalanchoe", unusual for Russian ear, came to us from the Chinese language, and is used in the Latin name.Under natural conditions, this plant is common in tropical areas of Africa, South and South-East Asia and South America.
Meanwhile kalanchoe long been transformed from an exotic visitor to our good friend and family doctor.Now it can be found on the windowsills of many of city apartments.
Kalanchoe belongs to the family Crassulaceae.All plants of the botanical community has succulent stems and fleshy leaves.No wonder the Latin name of the family comes from the word crassus - «fat».By this wonderful family owns such well-known medicinal plants such as Rhodiola rosea (golden root) and a variety of stonecrops.The genus Kalanchoe botanical standards for small - includes about 200 species.But despite its relative paucity of representatives of this type offer such a wide choice of properties, it is simply impossible to resist and not to have a unique plant at home.The most common in our species - Ka
But most of all struck by the unique ability of Kalanchoe for vegetative reproduction.And not only the cuttings and fragments of leaves, but by means of so-called "children."These types of Kalanchoe called "psevdozhivorodyaschimi".Some botanists distinguish them in a separate genus - bryophyllum (Briophyllum).In Greek the name means "sprouting leaf."This extraordinary ability of the plant to generate many new viable organisms at the time struck the great German poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe.In one of his letters he writes of Kalanchoe: "As one of the sheet occurs countless new shoots, so one constant love can draw all new and a new happiness."In memory of Kalanchoe poet called "the tree of Goethe" or "flower of Goethe."
Of course, first of all we are interested in those species that are valued for their medicinal properties.
Degremon Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe daigremontiana, Briophyllum daigremontianum).Homeland of the species - the tropical regions of Africa, the Cape region, the island of Madagascar.Unpretentious - it can be found along the coast, along the banks of rivers, on rocky slopes and dry open places.Like other types of Kalanchoe, it is a perennial herbaceous plant.
fleshy leaves, characteristic shape: uzkoyaytsevidnye or oblong-lanceolate;sometimes folded along the midrib;elongated, resemble the face of a crocodile;rather long - in nature can reach lengths of 20 cm Leaf color gray-green, on the lower surface may be purple spots..This kind
- champion Kalanchoe by vegetative reproduction.The edges of the leaves in the hollows between the teeth of his numerous brood buds appear.Because they develop small plantlets, equipped with aerial roots.Getting on the ground, they are successfully developing in the adult plant.
Kalanchoe pinnate (Kalanchoepinnata).Homeland of the plant is now difficult to install - maybe it's the Cape Verde Islands, the Canary Islands or the same Madagascar.The fact that it has long been grown in agriculture both hemispheres.Since multiplication is not for him any problems, the Kalanchoe pinnate able to easily run wild and get used to the unfamiliar terrain.
Under natural conditions, this plant is quite large - can reach a height of 1 meter.Stem bottom drevesneyuschy root short, branched.The leaves are fleshy, juicy, arranged oppositely;lower - simple, oval-shaped, with a rippled edge;top - pinnate-lobed or divided into 3-5 lobes.Their color is lighter than the previous species.The flowers are large, tubular, greenish-white-pink, up to 3-5 cm, collected in apical paniculate inflorescence.Blossoms in the second year of life, usually in the winter-spring period (February-March), irregular;characterized by weak fruiting.
Kalanchoe pinnate forms brood buds, too, but less and less abundant as Kalanchoe Deg-remount.It is capable of forming subsidiaries plantlets on the leaves, far from the mother plant and placed in the water.
and Kalanchoe pinnate, and Kalanchoe Degremon - both of these plants got the people honored the title of "Tree of Life", "room ginseng", "family doctor" and even "the surgeon without a knife."They say that their healing properties used even Goethe - every day he ate a tablespoon of "children" of the plant to rejuvenate the body.The story about the healing properties of these have yet to come.
Of those species of Kalanchoe, which are valued for their decorative qualities, it is worth mentioning kalanchoe blossfeldiana, Fedchenko beharskoe, Felt, trubkotsvetnoe and Panda Kalanchoe.
biochemical composition of green mass Kalanchoe is studied far from complete.Scientists still have something to work, explaining the healing effect juice on the human body.
succulent leaves and stems contain up to 94% moisture.This juice contains:
flavonoids (zhealin, quercetin, kaempferol);
organic acids (malic, acetic, citric, oxalic);
some enzymes (e.g., dehydrogenase malic acid, oxalic acid carboxylase);
vitamins (including C and P..);
minerals, micro and macro elements (aluminum, iron, magnesium, calcium, copper, silicon and manganese).
Kalanchoe juice Biological activity is due, above all, a unique combination of chemical compounds in its composition.
flavonoid glycosides has a P-vitamin activity.This means that they are able to exert on the body bactericidal and choleretic effect, help the excretion of toxic and radioactive substances.
Tannins give the plant astringent, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic properties.Enzymes - necessary participants metabolism, playing the role of catalyst in it.Vitamin C also plays an important role in the regulation of metabolic processes at the cellular level, in particular the oxidative processes;increases resistance to infection.Vitamin P (rutin) strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
Kalanchoe applied for medicinal purposes in our country for a long time.The first drew attention to the "tree" of life is not the official doctors, and indoor flower lovers and began to use it not only as an external agent, but also for oral administration.
People quickly noticed the outstanding ability of the plant to heal wounds and reduce inflammation, cure the common cold, to help with colds, serve as a preventive measure during the flu epidemic.Fresh mashed leaves of Kalanchoe stop bleeding from wounds, quickly relieve acute pain, even toothache, treat felon (purulent inflammation of the nail bag) and mastitis (mastitis);well-heal wounds, frostbite, burns, fistulas.Kalanchoe juice at home successfully treat skin rashes and even eczema.In cosmetology using the juice of Kalanchoe successfully struggling with acne and pigmentation spots on the face.
Observation growers began to exchange experiences, including by the media.In the early 60-ies of reports about a unique plant-healer interested in research and medical facilities.On Kalanchoe paid attention as a source of new drugs for the domestic medicine.Laboratory testing and clinical trials had confirmed the miraculous properties of the plant.Furthermore, as a result of numerous experiments it was established complete harmlessness.
Since 1966, juice and juice-based ointment Kalanchoe were included in the state register of medicines, and the first time the plant was used only as an external agent for the treatment of long-term healing of wounds, ulcers, fistulas, burns.
As a medicinal plant used aboveground part of Kalanchoe pinnate.From succulent fleshy leaves and stems get the juice, then it is subjected to special treatment.Due to the large number of biologically active substances in the juice of Kalanchoe mass of useful properties.It has:
bactericidal (kills harmful microorganisms);
bacteriostatic properties (neutralizes the bacteria and stops their growth);
anti-inflammatory properties (inhibits inflammation development);
property quickly to clean wounds and ulcers of necrotic (dead tissue);
wound-healing properties (promotes rapid epithelialization of the wound and ulcer surface, restoration of the skin).
Therefore, as an external agent in the form of juice and ointment it is indispensable in the treatment of wounds, trophic ulcers and thermal burns.
As a means for internal use juice Kalanchoe official medicine is not sufficiently studied.But there is evidence that it has a choleretic effect, lowers blood cholesterol and normalizes the activity of the gall bladder.Furthermore, in inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestine juice Kalanchoe successfully treat mucosal damage of these organs.
Now list the main advantages of this natural product:
juice Kalanchoe low toxicity;
does not irritate the skin and mucous membranes;
has virtually no contraindications.
So the expectations placed on him the honorary title "room ginseng," and "family doctor" Kalanchoe fully justified.
treatment of wounds and ulcers
wound or ulcer irrigate 1 -2 ml of juice of Kalanchoe with a syringe, through a small diameter needle.Then, on the surface of the damaged area is applied 4-5 layers of gauze, heavily soaked with juice.Tissue excised and applied so that it is repeated contours and sizes of wounds.The skin around the damaged area should be treated pre-alcohol or warm water furatsilina.If the wound is festering, to the juice is added an antibiotic - how to do it at home, will tell the attending physician.If burning sensation appears, fitodrug necessary to dilute with an equal amount of 0.5-1% strength novocaine solution.Twice a day the bandage is necessary to re-moisten the juice of the plant.If they treat wounds in a patient with diabetes, the juice is recommended to add insulin.The course of treatment usually lasts 25-30 days.
purulent infection in various forms of inflammatory processes (abrasions, felon, cellulitis, abscesses, infected wounds) Kalanchoe ointment used in conjunction with St. John's wort oil.Treatment is carried out as follows: the infected wound on or after the opening of the purulent focus bandage with St. John's wort oil.They continue to do until the inflammation subsides and starts
granulation (delaying) the wound.Then comes the battle ointment Kalanchoe - do bandage already with her.St. John's wort oil - a powerful antibacterial agent, and Kalanchoe ointment stimulates the healing process of tissues.This method allows you to halve the treatment time and ensures success.In the treatment of extensive skin areas eroded apply ointment Kalanchoe with furazolidone.
treatment of bedsores
procedure was the same as in the treatment of venous ulcers and purulent infection with tissue necrosis.The affected skin is treated with drugs with the juice of the plant.The first 3 days bandage changed daily, subsequently - after three days.During the breaks are applied to the sore spot neutral substance - zinc ointment, petroleum jelly and other emollients.
Treatment of burns and frostbite
Kalanchoe juice in the treatment of these lesions are used as well as the treatment of other skin damage: on the painful area is applied 2-3 drops of juice.The course of treatment lasts 5-6 days.
treatment of oral diseases
Dentists Kalanchoe juice is widely used in the treatment of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity - gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis.Do any application to the mucosa and gingiva, or aerosol inhalation.It is easy to make such treatments and at home.Applications carried out 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes.
In the treatment of periodontitis in this way gradually decreased gum bleeding, itching disappears, and 10-12-day cease suppuration.By the end of the treatment of gingival papillae become dense and acquire its natural color - pale pink.
treatment of diseases of the ear, nose and throat
Otolaryngologists recommends the juice of Kalanchoe for instillation into the nose as a preventive agent during epidemics of influenza, with a cold and sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses).It helps the drug and such chronic diseases such as sore throats, tonsillitis, inflammation of the middle ear.
In chronic tonsillitis appoint electrophoresis Kalanchoe juice on submandibular region in a day.
if damaged eardrum, inflammation of the middle ear or juice instilled into the ear or stick gauze pads soaked in tincture of Kalanchoe.
for prevention and treatment of sinusitis and for any inflammatory disease of the nasopharynx juice diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and 2 drops instilled into each nostril of 2 to 5 times a day.The same solution is recommended to rinse the mouth and throat with tonsillitis, laryngitis and tonsillitis.
eye diseases Ophthalmologists Kalanchoe juice is used too widely: in the treatment of burns and eye injuries, keratitis (inflammation of the cornea), corneal erosions (superficial ulceration of the cornea), as well as to combat the degenerative changes in the eye elements.
treatment method is usually the following: in the conjunctive-tivalny bag pipes juice of Kalanchoe.It can be used undiluted or diluted 1: 1 with isotonic sodium chloride solution or 0.5% novocaine solution.Conduct procedures can be independently, but only for the purpose of an ophthalmologist and under his control!
diseases in obstetric and gynecological practice, funds from the "domestic ginseng" are used successfully and widely enough.
juices and ointments plants treated with perineal wound, cervical erosion, fractures at birth, endocervicitis (mucous membrane of the cervical canal of the uterus inflammation).
When perineal wounds and breaks method of treatment is the same as in the surgery in the treatment of wounds.How to treat endocervite?First of all, determine the type of infection.Depending on the type of pathogen that caused the inflammation, prescribe medication.When nonspecific inflammation, that is not caused by a viral infection, necessary hygiene douching (eg infusion of chamomile and other anti-inflammatory and disinfectant herbal remedies).If the disease takes a chronic form, resort to physical therapy - for example, prescribe electrophoresis, mud.Kalanchoe in the treatment endocervicitis and directly - helps fight inflammation, will restore the affected areas of the mucous membrane and indirectly - increases the effect of physiotherapy.
the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive organs on the affected area is applied 2-3 drops of juice of Kalanchoe.The course of treatment usually lasts 5-6 days.
Kalanchoe - is also an indispensable tool lactating mothers.After all, they often suffer from this painful phenomenon of cracked nipples.The drugs with the juice of Kalanchoe get rid of the irritation of the skin in the chest area and on the cracked nipples.The tool is applied to the pipette (2-3 drops on the nipple) after each feeding the baby.
Our "tree of life" helps virtually all diseases of the digestive system.Its products are used in the treatment of inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines - gastritis, enteritis, colitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.They have a combined effect on the diseased organ: relieve inflammation of the stomach and intestines, stimulates the processes of regeneration (recovery) of epithelial tissues.