When planting seedlings escape the strongest should be cut to three buds, roots pruned to 20-25 cm, weak shoots removed.The roots dipped in a clay mash with mullein (1 liter per bucket).Seedling put on a cone-shaped mound, straighten the roots in all directions and sprinkled with soil.Then it is compacted, the plant is abundantly watered and mulch tree trunks.It is best to plant several plants in a trench width of 50 cm and depth of 60 cm. In the middle of it at a distance of 1.5 m from each other hammered metal pegs for fixing support.At the bottom of
put gravel, gravel, broken bricks, debris layer of 30 cm and lightly compacted top - fertile soil mixed with manure (60-70 kg per 1 m) and sand (3-4 buckets), lime is added -500 g phosphorus - 150 g of nitrogen - 40-50 g per 1 m planting time -. autumn and spring.
deep landing pit is not needed for lemongrass, landing just deep enough (with a bayonet spade) to dig land, previously making a 1 sq.m of 2-3 buckets of well-decomposed humus.In the future, th
a permanent place in the garden of lemongrass is recommended to plant in spring.Choose a site on an elevated place, where there is no water stagnation and where you can put the trellis.Planting hole is prepared at 1 to 1.5 m in the row.From nursery seedlings are delivered with closed root system, ie,with a lump of moist earth, wrap with plastic wrap.In the planting hole 40x40 cm bring a mixture of organic and mineral fertilizers in the same doses as for other berries.At the bottom of the hole for drainage stack rocks, sand, and then poured fertile soil, mixed with fertilizers.On the mound in the hole set the sapling, watered, compacted soil around it.Seedling root collar is not deepened.After precipitation the soil around the seedling should be recessed to avoid stagnation of water.During the summer, spend weeding, hoeing shallow.In dry weather, the seedlings watered and mulch the soil around.In the early years of the life of the young seedlings especially recommended
often watered and sprayed with water.In winter planting lemongrass not harbor.At the time of flowering and fruiting seedlings come on 5-6th year of life, provided timely garter to the trellis.
Propagation lemongrass and seeds, and cuttings, but it is best propagated by seeds.Only need to remember - the seeds must be both male and female.Seeds must-stratified, ie,withstand 90-100 days in moist sand at a temperature of 17-20 ° C.In the spring, as soon as the ground has warmed at a depth of 10-15 cm, the seeds are sown at a depth of 4-5 cm, and the distance between rows is 20-25 cm ridges are to be shaded, covered with boards to a height of 80-120 cm from the ground.On a permanent place magnolia planted in the age of 2-3 years.After the landing is necessary to provide support for the lemongrass, so he could catch hold of the rope, wood.The best period of Schisandra planting - spring.The soil should be moisture capacity, breathable, and this peat-grit sand, sawdust.Heavy clay soils are not suitable for the cultivation of lemongrass.The acidity of the soil should be 5,4-5,6 Ph, and for the successful engraftment is necessary to maintain soil moisture and air 80-90%.
first harvest can be obtained in 5-6 years after planting.Yield per plant is about 3 kg, but there is the frequency of fruiting once every 2-3 years.
For the successful cultivation of lemongrass on the site, choose a place where the vine is illuminated by direct sunlight in July, no more than 5-8 hours.Note that Lemongrass love of light, but the young plants are kept small shading.
support the most important and stable feature of the magnolia vine is a pronounced need for a support on which it rises.Plants Schisandra grown from seed, first have a fibrous root system with a small little branching roots.At the 3-year life of the seedlings begin to form curly shoots, which need support.Not finding it, they wove into the harness, hanging to the ground, slowing their growth.Without support from both seedlings and adult plants from the root collar form new shoots that creep along the ground, forming a lot of underground shoots and rhizome shoots.These plants do not bloom.
should be a sufficient amount of light, and definitely need support.If not for the magnolia that will catch on, it shoots will travel along the ground and give a lot of root seedlings and cuttings.In the spring or autumn, you can dig out of the cuttings and transplanted to another location.This is one of the most reliable methods of reproduction.Lemongrass is easily diluted by cuttings, which are cut in July, with the tops of young shoots.They are well
root growth after treatment with stimulants (IAA and some other drugs).You can sow in the autumn of freshly harvested seeds, which germinate in the spring, or sow them in the spring after a two-month stratification.
the purpose of thinning of the crown when pruning is carried out in the summer of thickening.Clipped shoots are used for propagation.In the autumn vines purified by rhizomatous shoots, which can sit in the garden.Pruning is carried out in the fall, removing dry twigs, weak and superfluous shoots.In winter, the vines can not be removed from the trellis.If a strong thickening of the crown pruning can be carried out in the summer, using cut annual shoots on the cuttings.Rhizomatous growth removed in the late autumn, and using it as planting material for the expansion of plantations.
best conditions for growing lemongrass - a loose fertile soil with a neutral pH, for example, light and medium loam.At home, lemongrass is usually found on well-drained slopes.Lemongrass grows on soil with a slightly acid reaction, a phosphorus deficiency.The best growth of seedlings is a mixture of soil, peat, sand in the ratio 1: 2: 1.On pure perlite 2 weeks suspended growth of seedlings due to the depletion of reserve substances and the absence of seed dressings.In lemongrass superficial root system, so deep loosening can damage the roots.The soil loosened around the small vines.
Closely standing groundwater or wetland Lemongrass can not tolerate.By air and soil moisture it is somewhat less demanding than Actinidia plants.The main focus in the early years of the seedlings should be given to creating a favorable moisture regime.These plants do not tolerate stagnant soil moisture, but respond well to increase humidity.Keep in mind that at home vines grow at a high relative humidity.The successful growth of the seedlings Schisandra in dry summer morning and evening should be sprayed with water to create favorable conditions for the growth of shoots.
When grown in culture in the first and subsequent years, lemongrass is very responsive to organic fertilizers.Lemongrass responds well to organic and mineral fertilizers, irrigation.. Fertilizers are making surface, loosen the soil deep, since the roots are located at a depth of 8-10 cm
Brief recommendations of experienced gardeners on growing lemongrass can be formulated as follows:
Plant lemongrass in a shady place in the slightly acid soil rich in organic fertilizers;
the second year of the vine give support and provide further support height so that magnolia climbed on it to the sun;
lemongrass expose both the ground and upland waters (soil should be sufficiently drained);
not dig or loosen the soil around the lemongrass;
do not forget to water it, but not too zealous.
Harvesting of raw materials
As a medicinal plant harvested fruits, seeds, young shoots.The berries are harvested as they mature, the leaves - early summer shoots - in the spring.Most often harvested mature fruits and seeds, provyalivayut and finally dried in a dryer at a temperature not exceeding 60 ° C.
berries are gently removed without crushing them or damaging the vine.Dried berries in the shade under a canopy or in the oven, but the temperature during drying should not exceed 50 ° C.
Chinese magnolia vine leaves dark green shoot in August and September, dried and used for tea.