Common myrtle (Myrtus communis)

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

This plant belongs to the family myrtle (Myrtaceae).The family includes about 100 species and more than 3 thousand varieties.Among its members there are such well-known as eucalyptus, tea tree, feijoa, allspice, and many other plants, which are prized for their nutritional, medicinal, aromatic, and sometimes just for the decorative properties.

myrtle Homeland is not precisely defined, but in nature it is widespread in Africa and southern Europe, around the Mediterranean.In our country, myrtle first appeared in Crimea in 1815 - his specimen was planted in the Nikitsky botanical garden.Southern tree does not tolerate cold and drought, at -13-14 ° C already freezes.Therefore, in the Crimea it is rare, only in the warmest areas - such as Simeiz, Alupka, Foros, Massandra.

Among its lush southern vegetation did not immediately notice - low evergreen tree or shrub with small dark green leaves and delicate, fragrant white flowers.

Nevertheless, this modest plant in ancient Hellas was revered as a symbol of su

preme power.Vyeshie officials in Athens, worn on the head myrtle wreath, and they crowned the statue of the fallen heroes.In addition, the myrtle was dedicated to the Greek goddess of love and beauty - Aphrodite and the Romans - Venus.At the celebrations in honor of Aphrodite all adorn themselves with wreaths of myrtle, pinned them on their heads as the bride and groom on their wedding day.

Myrtaceae trees planted around temples and palaces, with their crowns gave the most fantastic forms.I noticed was that the air is always clean in the myrtle groves.Now we know why - the plant releases volatile, special substances that kill disease-causing microbes.It was believed that myrtle twig, torn in a way that will give the traveler vigor and strengthen its power.Going on the road, it is sure to take with them, or put on a finger ring made of myrtle.

fragrant plants attributed to the miraculous ability to maintain the freshness of the face and body.Roman matron washed with water, infused with myrtle, to return the former beauty aging features.The infusion of myrtle fruits in ancient Rome was used as the elixir of vitality and health.On the island of Crete so far remained a belief that a person is not getting old, is holding a sprig of myrtle.

Images weeping women with myrtle branches in their hands found in the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs.Myrtle is also mentioned in the Bible.The ancient Jews, it was an emblem of peace, and they decorated the house during the Easter celebrations.Wreaths

of myrtle Jewish brides wore for good luck.In many European countries the plant is also considered a symbol of maiden purity and chastity.And in the warm Mediterranean lands, and in the far north of its branch it is an indispensable attribute of a wedding - it was decorated headdress of the bride.In the Baltic peoples it was made to put on the bride's head wreath even two - the big, over veils, and under it a small - a symbol of purity and innocence.Those who marry a second time, were not allowed to wear a small wreath.And myrtle bush to decorate the wedding dress she grew at home or in the garden, and in the day of the wedding itself wove a wreath out of it.In France, this plant - also a mandatory attribute of the wedding, especially the village.But there is a small bush in a clay pot bears the father of the bride as a symbol of conjugal embrace of the fortress.

myrtle popularity is due not only its decorative flowers and fragrance, but its healing properties.Myrtle was a sign of antiquity and the western and eastern healers.Translated from the Hebrew myrtle it means "beautiful, beautiful," and from the Greek - "balm, myrrh."Prepared remedies from the fruit, leaves and young shoots of the plant.Ancient Egyptians insisted on its leaves wine and used the drug for the treatment of fever and intestinal disorders.They also used myrtle water as an effective cosmetic product that can cleanse the skin and restore its elasticity.In France, for a long time, women also know about these properties myrtle maintain youth and beauty.Italian charmer took a bath with the addition of aromatic essences of myrtle, also hoping for a miraculous properties "of living water."

Chinese military doctors in the treatment of wounds have used so-called "seven-color powder."This was prepared by mixing such exotic ingredients as draconian bone, ivory skin, dragon's blood, ginseng roots, gynura (Gynura pinnatifida), olibanum oil, and more oil of myrtle.

In England myrtle first appeared in the middle of the XVI century, it was brought from Spain after Her Majesty.Together with fragrant little tree they brought the news of the formation of the Spanish "Armada" and thus upset conquerors plans for a surprise attack on its northern neighbor.Since then, the myrtle - one of the revered British plants, as associated with the salvation of the nation.

In folk medicine the leaves of myrtle was used for colds.The method of treatment was very simple but effective - at the first signs of the disease to chew a leaf myrtle 3-4 several times a day after meals.Juice from the leaves of myrtle smeared scratches and abrasions.

Since the XIX century in Europe began to apply and myrtle in official medicine - first, for the treatment of disorders of the genitourinary system and hemorrhoids, and then to deal with a variety of infections.

Botanical portrait

Myrtle - a plant with erect stem, which are arranged oppositely small oblong leaves with pointed ends.Leaf blades thick, leathery, glossy, dark green color and exude a subtle flavor inherent in many plants of myrtle.

Blossoms in May-June, all tree covered with white, reddish or yellowish.Flowers solitary, small, with four petals and a whole cloud of fluffy stamens.The fruits of myrtle - dark blue berries, topped with remaining after flowering, the sepals;These edible berries, yet for the preparation of drugs are used.

course, completely clean the air in the apartment or office from all pathogenic bacteria is hardly possible.However, if you are settled at 1-2 myrtle plants, the atmosphere in your home is no place for such trudnoistrebi-ently microbe as staph.This is a fragrant tree their sweet smells of yeast-is able to kill the fungus that causes yeast infection - candidiasis (a disease difficult to even antibiotics).Tincture of the leaves of myrtle - is also an effective tool for the treatment of fungal diseases.Inhalation myrtle leaves is recommended for migraine attacks.Myrtle flowers can be brewed as a medicinal tea, and regular use of this fragrant drink will help to organize the work of the gastrointestinal tract.

addition, myrtle aroma improves the mood, stimulates mental activity, memory performance, improves intellectual productivity.It is an indispensable companion for those who are constantly working with the computer, various electric appliances, creating around us is not safe electromagnetic and electrostatic field.To this is added ionizing radiation and UV screens.And yet - the noise from a variety of devices, even, a little, it would seem, but acting on our mental state gradually.

In addition, electrostatic charges arising on the monitor, attract dust from the air.She settles on the screen, and remains on the face and airways working at the computer.The dust, as we all know, contains a variety of different microorganisms.This means that many hours sitting at the computer not only overload our vision and nervous system, not only sends us harmful rays, but also weakens our antimicrobial protection.Therefore, it is recommended to close with a working computer putting green fragrant plants - they are well remove the static electricity, and their volatile erecting an additional barrier against infections.One of the most efficient plants - myrtle.

chemical composition

healing properties of myrtle due mainly contained in the leaves of essential oils, as well as polyphenols, flavonoi-rows and saponins.Myrtle contains eugenol, a substance that is in the stud, and other plants from the family of eucalyptus.Eugenol - This essential oil is very pleasant aroma.Due to bactericidal properties of this essential oil, tincture of myrrh successfully used for inhalation with the same infectious diseases, which are recommended and eucalyptus leaves.In addition, myrtle contains special polyphenol substance mirtilin perhaps it is an immunomodulatory and protivoonkologicheskim means, as well as pinene, limonene, cineol, linalool, terpinene-ol mirtenol.