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August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Mentha piperita.

origin of this long-term medicinal plant height of 30-90 cm is not precisely determined.Many consider it the birthplace of the Mediterranean countries and northern Egypt, others - China and Japan.Mint Remains have been found in Egyptian tombs period XII- VI centuries BC.e.In Europe it fell, probably thanks to the travelers, crusaders and monks.

For fifteen hundred years BC in Egypt, the mint was used as a medicinal plant.Not least as a spice mint Egyptians revered and used in Japan.In ancient Rome, to create a cheerful mood of the guests to their tables coming rubbed with fresh mint leaves, mint water sprayed the room.In the Middle Ages students during classes recommended to wear on her head a wreath of mint to improve the functioning of the brain.

priority use mint as a efironosnogo plants also belongs, apparently, to the Egyptians, who have over 410 years BC learned to select and receive peppermint essential oil hydrodistillation method.England became the first European country wh

ere Mint was introduced into the culture, but it happened only in the XII century.Here in England, its first scientific description was made, and in the XVIII century industrial plantations for the production of essential oils were first laid.

Like most spice plants, mint demanding lighting conditions.When grown in a shaded place reduced essential oil content, which sometimes makes it smell more refined, and greens more suitable for use in fresh form.With a limited number of lit areas can be used for a light-loving crops, and mint as a shade-tolerant culture in place some shade.Mint has low heat.It is well winters in the temperate zone and transfers temperatures down to -25-30 ° C under sufficient snow cover.

in Russia "English" mint (as it was then called) came only in the late XIX century.Initially, it was grown for use in the manufacture of tobacco and soap making, and later to obtain the essential oil.

The herbal garden can be grown all sorts of peppermint with the pleasant aroma: Riddle, Krasnodar, Kuban, Muscovite, Prilukskaya, dosage. many have to taste and spearmint, which cultivation is no different from the cultivation of peppermint.

Description : plant with square branched stems, densely covered with spear-shaped leaves with serrated ostrokonechnoyaytsevidnymi edges.It blooms from June to September.The flowers are small with short stalks of lavender to purple, are located on the ends of the stalks, gathered in whorls turning into spikelets.Calyx glabrous or covered with sparse hairs, grooved, bilabiate, corolla purple, funnel-shaped or slabodvugubye, 4 stamens and upper testis Fruits - nuts.. The root is fibrous, stretching into the ground to a depth of 2 m

mint Types

Mentha crispa: spearmint

Mentha xpiperita: Peppermint with purple and pink or white flowers

Mentha X piperita citrata: mint lemon

Mentha spicata: mint green

Mentha suaveolens: mint apple

Mentha suaveolens "Bowels": pineapple mint

Composition: contains up to 2,5 % essential oil, the mainit is a component of the menthol, mint which owes its characteristic smell of a cooling, tannins, flavonoids and bitter.There are varieties of mint, containing a part of essential oil to 80 % menthol.Addition of mint leaves and inflorescences contain organic acid, carotene, ascorbic acid, rutin and valuable micronutrients.

Growing : Mint loves moisture, demanding on soil fertility.It grows well on chernozems, loamy and sandy soils with clay subsoil to retain moisture.On heavy soils, wetlands acid plants develop very weak.

vegetatively propagated via creeping rhizomes, extending from the root collar.In the middle zone of landing mint is best done in the spring, and in the southern regions can be in spring and autumn.The soil under the mint, it is desirable to prepare, with the fall: to remove the remains of the previous crop, carefully dig and remove weeds, particularly perennial weeds rhizomes.As well prior to use the culture, which were made under the organic fertilizer.Make organic fertilizer directly under mint undesirable as it develops with abundant green mass, but the plant is reduced aromaticity.In the spring of heavy compacted soils spend digging, and light enough to carry out loosening to a depth of 10-12 cm. In prepared for planting areas make furrows at a distance of 45-60 cm depth of 8-10 cm. At the bottom of the furrows laid harvested rhizomes of mint, covered with soiland compacted.Mint is grown in one place for several years and is growing rapidly.Therefore, the long-term (5-6 years) use of planting mint it is advisable to keep the distance between plants in a row 20-30 cm. Rhizomes for breeding can be used rooted shoots, which are also planted on this scheme.Care mint is loosening soil, weeding and watering in dry weather.Fertilization is carried out on poor soils in spring.

Collection: collection of leaves is done several times during the season, the grass is harvested before flowering, when it reaches a height of 20-30 cm Dry grass should rapidly at temperatures up to 35 ° C in order to avoid the loss of valuable essential oil..Raw material is spread in a thin layer on the shade fabric or paper or bind into bundles and suspended in a well-ventilated place.

Medicinal properties: menthol has a disinfectant and analgesic effect.It helps digestion.It is used in asthma, colds, coughs, liver and gallbladder, flatulence, digestive disorders, diseases of the stomach, with nervousness and headaches.

P USAGE: mint has a pleasant mint smell, it has a refreshing effect.Taste a cooling, refreshing, spicy mint.The pharmaceutical mint cooked medicinal teas, included in the composition of medicinal herbal, made tinctures and syrups.Essential oil and pure menthol are part of many medications.It is used in liqueurs, confectionery industry and in cosmetics.
infusion of peppermint. 2 tablespoons chopped dry grass, mint or lemon balm pour 1 cup of hot water, kept in a water bath for 15 minutes, insisting at room temperature for 45 minutes and filter.Take in the form of heat for 1 / 3-1 / 2 cup 2-3 times a day for 15 minutes before a meal as a means of calming the nervous system.

You can prepare the infusion and the other way: 2 tablespoons of chopped leaves pour a glass of boiled water, to insist 2 hours, then filter.Take 1 tablespoon 2-3 times a day with meals.This infusion has a detoxifying effect, useful in various inflammatory processes.

powder from the leaves of mint take 1-2 times a day on the tip of a knife.

When breakdowns

Prepare the infusion: 2 tablespoons of dry powdered leaves pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for half an hour with the lid closed, strain.Drink 1 / 3-1 / 2 cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.Brewed and mint leaves as a tea - a rate of 5-10 g (1 teaspoon) per cup and drink without any restrictions during the day.

mint tincture can be taken with the same goals of 10-15 drops per tablespoon of water 2-3 times a week.

When headache

Helps strong green or black tea, if you add a pinch of dried peppermint leaves.After a cup of tea of ​​the pain should subside and disappear altogether.

flatulence

When painful sensations, a large gathering of gas in the intestines brew 2 tablespoons mint herb in 2 cups of boiling water, infused for days.Take 1/2 cup 2 times a day before meals.Instead of mint can be taken and the other rich in essential oils of herbs - dill, caraway, anise, lemon balm, sage.

When nausea and as a choleretic

Boil 5 grams (1 teaspoon) of dried mint leaves cup of boiling water, leave for 40-50 minutes, take 1 / 3-1 / 4 cup 3-4 times a day.

drug, which is always at hand

Grow peppermint on his plot could even novice gardener.She has, of course, your preferences - for example, it is the fastest growing in the cultivated peat bogs, sandy and loamy soils with sufficient humus.But at the same time it is a very undemanding plant;if you just give it enough hydration and lighted "place of residence", you will without fail receive valuable medicinal raw materials almost throughout the summer.

mint Propagated by dividing rhizomes, rooting cuttings of stems or stalks of no less than 15 cm in planting material, you can contact your nearest nursery.;willing to share them with you and experienced gardeners.

before autumn planting is recommended to dig the soil to a depth of 25-30 cm and make organic fertilizer (manure) at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 sq.m. Under the snow rhizomes can withstand temperatures down to -20 ° C.Early spring planting material placed in the furrows at a depth of 8-10 cm with a width between rows 45-60 cm. Square-cluster method (60x60 or 45x45 cm) in each slot is placed at 4-5 rhizomes segments.

Later mint special care of you do not require;is sometimes loosen the aisle, and remove weeds.The optimum temperature for growth of plants, 18-20 ° C.