Oats cultural (Avena sativa L.).

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

oat began to cultivate in the second millennium BC.Homeland its cultural forms find Mongolia and Northern China.Now as the cereal it is grown in almost all populated regions of the globe.

This nutritious and easy to digest cereal was the "bread and butter" for many northern people, especially for the mighty warriors of the Scottish Highlanders.In the British Isles, he appeared thanks to the Roman conquerors, and in the XVII century the British, in turn, brought the favorite product in North America.

And about the healing properties of oats people learned a long time - more than two thousand years ago.Restorative and tonic effect of food and drinks made from oats and old Germanic celebrated ancient Greek physicians.

Indications of therapeutic effects of oats are in the most popular treatise of Tibetan medicine "Dzeytshar Migchzhan» (XVIII century) and the Russian medical Bolotov "On the medical qualities of oats" edition 1780.

Oats - an annual herbaceous plant.Fibrous root, stem - a straw with 2-4 n

odes.Almost all forms of oats on the boundary of the vagina and the leaf blade is filmy tongue.Inflorescence - panicle, consists of a main stem and lateral branches.Flowers bisexual, fruit - weevil.

Oats are divided into two groups:

annuals, or real, Oats - wild grasses;

perennial Oats - meadow fodder cereals.In the group of annual Oats has 16 species, most of which - wild plants (wild oats).From wild oats is the most common wild oats and wild oats plain south, which are malignant weeds infest crops of spring cereals (wheat, barley, etc.).

In Russia, mainly cultivated in only one kind of oats - oat (Avena sativa L.).

Unique features oats promoted in the middle of the XIX century, the chief medical officer of the British army Frank Buckland, who conducted one of the first large-scale study the health of a large group of people on the example of recruits from different regions of the country.He argued that fed oatmeal Scottish soldiers were much stronger and hardier English.

Around the same time, about 150 years ago, the Swiss physician Maximilian Bircher-Benner chose oats as the best absorbed and has soothing properties cereal as an ideal basis for the invented them and get in this age of widespread and immense popularity of "healthy food", whichwe know called "muesli".

Food oats are favorite food in Russia.Our ancestors very soon realized that this food is not only tasty, but also indispensable for the feeding of children and adults, exhausted disease.

oatmeal are mentioned in the annals of "The Tale of Bygone Years", which dates back to the XII century.In the old days of oats cooked more often thick flour jelly.

oatmeal has long been considered in Russia ceremonial, sacred dish.In fairy tales ( "rivers of milk, milk and honey") is referred to it.Other jelly then simply did not exist.During the wedding the groom and the bride was taken to heap grains of oats.This ritual symbolizes the wish young happiness and wealth.The mention of oats found in magic the Christmas songs, carols.

In the famous collection of proverbs and sayings of the Russian people VI Dahl collected proverbs of oats more than any other cereal.

the interpretation of dreams oats symbolizes good prospects for the future;see the oats in a dream - to the well-being;oats have a dream - to health.

Recipes of traditional medicine

when you cough, bronchitis. Mix honey, 5 cups water, 1 cup of oats.Evaporate over low heat or in the oven to the state liquid jelly.Kissel strain through cheesecloth, pour into it 2 cups milk and bring to a boil.A little cool, add 4 h. Spoon of honey.Drink in the form of heat for half a cup 3 times a day before meals.

salad for capricious intestine.2 tbsp.tablespoons of oat flakes pour 8 Art.tablespoons boiling water and leave to soak, then add 1 tbsp.honey, 3-4 tablespoons.tablespoons of raisins and 2 tbsp.tablespoons walnuts.Besides that you will improve the intestinal peristalsis, skin, nails and hair will become beautiful appearance.

nervous exhaustion. 1/3 cup oats, 4 cups of milk.Boil, put in the oven and boil on low heat for 4 hours.Drink hot every day for a month.

Chronic fatigue. ignited dry oats in a pan until golden brown.

Pour boiling water to water was 2 fingers above the oat layer and boil for 2-3 minutes.Then remove from heat, dishes wrapped in something warm and cover pillow for 20 minutes, then add 2-3 cloves of garlic.Season with butter.

To restore the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. oat grain to dry, wash and grind.Pre-ground oats in a thermos and pour half a liter of boiling water.Infuse for 3-4 hours.The use of such infusion promotes better digestion.

Various indigestion. glass of oats pour 5 cups of water to evaporate until thick liquid jelly, drink 3 times a day before meals.

skin diseases (herpes, eczema, diathesis). 2 tbsp.l.oat straw, pour a glass of boiling water, heat on low heat for 5 minutes, insist 15 minutes, drain.Rub into the affected areas.

oats decoction helps to improve metabolism in the body (and is shown in diabetes). 1 cup washed oat pour liter of distilled water at room temperature, insist 10-12 hours, brought to a boil and simmered for 30 minutes was boiled in a sealed lid.Wrap up and insist 12 hours and filtered.Then, distilled water, bring the volume up to a liter of broth.Take before meals 3 times a day for 100-150 ml within a month.

oatmeal is easy to prepare a great mask, smooth skin of the breast.To this end, 2 tablespoons of oat flakes pour 6 tablespoons of milk.When the flakes are swell, the mask is applied to the décolleté and breast.Quietly soak for 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water.The skin becomes smooth and soft.

of wrinkles on your hands well to a mixture of 1 egg yolk, tablespoon of honey and a teaspoon of oatmeal (can grind "Hercules" in a coffee grinder).The composition of the rub into the skin of your hands, wear cotton gloves and leave overnight.

Oat bran is completely devoid of cholesterol and have one this helps to reduce the content of this substance in the blood.Cream that by soluble dietary fiber bran cleanse the body of toxins, thereby improving its fat and carbohydrate metabolism.In addition, high bran content of vitamins and minerals.

For centuries, oatmeal has been a staple food in Ireland, Scotland and the north of England.People ate little other than oats, and this caused them to learn how to cook it from a wide variety of dishes.This is the famous oatmeal - a traditional dish for breakfast in the morning, and biscuits, and cookies for tea.

Currently, the most popular are oatmeal and oat flour, which is made from cereals premium.Oat flour and cereal - a good basis for making bread, soups, pancakes, biscuits, cookies, etc.

There are different recipes for oatmeal cookies.We offer one of these: 1/3 cup apple juice, 1/4 teaspoon salt, 2 tbsp.tablespoons butter, 2 cups of oatmeal, 1/2 cup chopped nuts, and wheat flour.Knead the dough, divide it into small balls, roll in pastry and bake at 375 ° C.

And here is a very simple soup recipe from Hercules: need 100 grams of cereals, 50 g butter, 100 grams of prunes, 1 liter of water.

Hercules pour hot salted water, boil until soft and clean.Prunes rinse and soak for 2-3 hours.Prepared prunes cooked in the same water.Then, drain the broth and put in pureed oats.Prunes are free from bones, to connect with oat soup, add salt, bring to a boil and season with butter.

oatmeal cooked Beauty salads containing complex necessary for skin and hair vitamins and minerals.French salad: 2 tbsp.tablespoons of oat flakes pour 6 tablespoons.spoons of cold boiled water, leave for an hour.Then add 3 tbsp.spoons of cold boiled milk, a little sugar, grated apple, juice of one lemon.

American salad : 5, Art.tablespoons of oat flakes pour 5 tablespoons.spoons of cold boiled water and leave overnight.Morning, add 3 tablespoons of milk, honey, 4-5 pieces of chopped hazelnuts.

Swiss salad: 3 tbsp.spoons of grated apples combine with 2 tbsp.tablespoons softened oatmeal, pour 2 tbsp.spoons of cold boiled water overnight, add 1 tablespoon of condensed milk and 1 tablespoon of honey.

Watching the season can be prepared and the other no less useful and tasty salad.300 g berries knead, add 1 tbsp.spoon soaked oatmeal, 1 tbsp.spoonful of condensed milk, squeeze the juice of half a lemon.

Oat pancakes

oat groats - in '30, milk - 250 ml of "sugar - 6 eggs - 1 pc, melted butter -. '10

In the old days they were preparing oatmeal.Now boil the liquid porridge, wipe it, add egg and bake thin pancakes.Eat them with sour milk, sour cream, cranberries and sugar, fed to the ear, soups.

Oatmeal with artichokes

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g of nuts (any), 100 g artichokes, 1 lemon.

chopped nuts and chopped artichoke mix with the pre-soaked flakes.Sprinkle with lemon zest and stir.Having a dish, decorate it with thin slices of lemon.

Oatmeal with carrots

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g walnuts, 100 grams of carrots, greens.

By soaking flakes add crushed walnuts, coarsely grated carrots and chopped greens.Stir the mixture and garnish with thin circles and semi-circles of carrot.In the middle of the meals can be arranged outlet of carrots.

winter dish can be put in a handful of sliced ​​dried plums and other dried fruits (previously they must hold a small amount of water).

Oatmeal with cabbage

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g of walnuts, 50 g of cabbage, 50 g carrot, parsley.

By soaking flakes add ground nuts, finely shredded cabbage, grated on a coarse grater carrots, and chopped greens.Stir the mixture and decorate mugs carrots.

Oat flakes with kohlrabi

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g of walnuts, 50 g cauliflower, lemon peel or orange (grated).

By soaking flakes add ground nuts and cauliflower, grated on a coarse grater or shredded into strips.Stir and season foods lemon or orange zest.Garnish the dish with thin strips of lemon or orange zest.

Oatmeal with tomatoes

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g of walnuts, 50 g tomatoes, 150 grams of parsley.

flakes soaked in water and after 2 hours they put in ground nuts and finely chopped tomatoes and parsley.Stir well and garnish with tomato slices.

flakes can be set and dry, not pre-soaking, but then red tomatoes need to grate, to let more juice.

Oatmeal pumpkin

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g peeled nuts (walnuts or almonds), 100 g of sweet pumpkin.

To advance flakes soaked grind nuts and add the pumpkin, grated on a coarse grater.Stir the mixture and serve.In winter, the dish can put a handful of finely chopped dried fruit (apples, pears, apricots, etc.), Pre-soaking them for a while in a small amount of water to softened.

Oat flakes with a green salad

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g lettuce, 100 g cucumber, 2-3 stalk spring onions, garlic stem 3-4, 200 g of yogurt, 1 tbsp.spoon of honey or syrup of cherry jam, parsley.

Vegetables Wash, cut (salad - narrow strips, onion and garlic - finely chopped) and pour the yogurt mixed with honey.Put soaked for a while in a small amount of water oatmeal.Stir well the mixture and add the chopped parsley.Make a slide and decorate with sprigs of parsley.

Oat flakes with marrows

50 g of oat flakes, 250 g onions, 3-4 stalk spring onions, garlic stem 3-4, 200 g of yogurt, 1 h. Spoon of honey, dill.

Squash peeled and cut into small cubes.Onions and garlic peel and finely chop.Curdled milk and beat well to mix with honey and chopped dill.Add pre-soaked in water oatmeal.Again mix well and serve immediately to the table.

Rolled oats and peas

50 g of oat flakes, 200 g green peas, 2-3 stalk spring onions, garlic stem 2-3, 200 g of yogurt (or sour cream), 1 egg yolk, dill.

peas mixed with a pre-soaked oat flakes and finely chopped green onions and garlic.Pour the yogurt, seasoned egg yolk and chopped dill.Stir this mixture and serve immediately on the table.

Oatmeal with apples and cucumbers

50 g of oat flakes, 100 g cucumber, 100 g apples, 2-3 cloves of garlic, 200 grams of yogurt, 1 tbsp.honey spoon.Cucumbers and apples wash and together with the skins, cut into small cubes (apple cut with seed pods).Pour the yogurt, seasoned and highly purified crushed garlic, and sweeten with honey.Put soaked beforehand oatmeal and mix again.

Serve and garnish the dish what some fruit out of the jam and fresh summer berries cherries, currants and sour fruits.

Oat flakes with red beets and apples

50 g of oat flakes, 100 g of beet, 100 g apples, 200 g of yogurt.

Beets peel and grate.Apples cut with the skins and seeds into small cubes and mix with beets.Put soaked beforehand oatmeal and yogurt whipped.Stir the mixture and serve immediately on the table.

Oatmeal with cauliflower and grapes

50 g of oat flakes, 150 g cauliflower, 100 g of ripe grapes, 200 g of yogurt (or sour cream).

cauliflower finely chop and mix with washed grapes.Pour a mixture of whipped yogurt, seasoned with lemon juice and finely grated lemon zest.Put pre-soaked oatmeal.Well mix and decorate with grapes and thin strips of lemon peel.Immediately bring to the table.

Oatmeal with carrots and yogurt

1 cup oatmeal, 1 carrot, 1 apple, 1 cup of yogurt, sugar to taste.

carrot and apple peel and cut into strips.The kefir put sugar and stir.

Pour oatmeal in a bowl, add carrots, apple, fill prepared yogurt, stir and immediately serve.

Oatmeal with young beetroot leaves

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g of apples, 50 g of apricots, 100 g of beet leaves, 200 g sour.

Young beet leaves are cut into narrow strips, and the apples and apricots - cubes.All mix and pour whipped yogurt or sour cream.Put pre-soaked oatmeal, stir and garnish with slices of apples and apricots.Immediately bring to the table.

Oat flakes with round red pepper

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g cauliflower, 50 g tomatoes, 100 grams of red round pepper, 200 g sour cream, 0.5 lemon, parsley.

Peppers cleaned of seeds and cut into narrow strips, and cauliflower and tomatoes - small cubes.All stir and pour whipped yogurt, which added the lemon juice and pre-soaked oatmeal.Put the mixture on a plate and garnish with parsley sprigs and thin strips of lemon peel.

Oat flakes of sweet peppers

50 g of oat flakes, 50 g carrot, 50 g tomatoes, 100 grams of sweet pepper, 200 grams of sour cream, 6-7ch.spoonfuls of mashed currant berries, juice of half a lemon, parsley.

Peppers cleaned of seeds and cut into thin strips.Carrots grate, tomatoes and finely chop.All mix and pour whipped sour cream or yogurt.Add currants, sprinkle with chopped parsley and stir.Put the soaked oatmeal advance.Put the dish on the plate and serve, garnish with parsley sprigs.

Oatmeal with cabbage and spring vegetables

50 g of oat flakes, 100 g of cabbage, 100 g new potatoes, a bunch of green garlic, a bunch of parsley, 200 grams of sour cream.a spoon.Season with salt.