Inkarnatnaya Passionflower or Passiflora
family passiflorovyh (passifloraceae) has more than 400 species.Among them are many edge-sivotsvetuschih and fruiting vines.Many species and introduced into a culture grown in Europe and America, and Australia as ornamental, fruit and herbs.Banana passionfruit, banana, or, passionflower cruise, or a Brazilian passion fruit, passion flower four-sided, or a giant grain-Dill and passionflower tongue, sweet or grain-Dill form a tasty, even if growing in an ordinary apartment.
giant Granadilla (Passiflora quadrangularis), or four-sided passion.Fruits are 25-30 cm long and 2-2.5 kg of body weight.They are served for dessert and used in fruit salads.
Edible and tubers of the plant, up to 4 kg of weight and tastes like sweet potato.
blue passionflower (Passiflora caerulea) from Brazil with a blue or blue striped crown and purple columns, is most often found in greenhouses.It can be seen in the greenhouses of the Botanical Garden in St. Petersburg.Instill it in our room and in the culture.Prized this kind and
sitsiosovidnaya Passionflower (Passiflora sicyoides).This plant tendril makes a complete rotation every 30-45 minutes.Finding support it as a spring wire tightly entwined around her and pulls up the whole plant.To form a complete loop takes several minutes to 1-2 days.With the growth of the plants produced more and more tendrils and vine climbs higher and higher.Flexible stems vines generally well tolerated in the fall, and if the support they have chosen is unreliable and the tree falls, dragging them along, it does not bring them any harm.They immediately start up new shoots and climb up already in the neighboring trees.
edible passionflower (Passiflora edulis) is also a native of Brazil, it is most common in the culture.Fragrant, sour-sweet fruit of her, reaching a length of 9 cm, are used to prepare drinks, sorbets, ice cream and a variety of jelly.This is a fairly undemanding plant begins to bear fruit in the first or second year after planting, and under favorable conditions, yields two crops a year.
tongue Passionflower (Passiflora lingularis), or Sweet Granadilla, comes from the mountainous regions of Central and South America, holding the palm of taste.This fast-growing vine is used not only in food but also serves as a magnificent ornamental plant.It is used for curling of houses, trellises and arbors.The most beautiful of its orange-red fruits that differ delicate aroma.
Passiflora alata, or passion fruit, growing wild in Brazil, which is very popular.The flowers of various shades of red or purple in color, with a long stamen filaments, very fragrant, reaching 12 cm in diameter.Fruits are large, 10-15 cm in size, fragrant, bright orange or yellow.It grows well in greenhouses, greenhouses, rooms.
Some members of the family passiflorovyh poisonous and contain different amounts of hydrocyanic acid.
Roots stinking passionflower used the inhabitants of South America as a good remedy for cramps, as well as the roots of passion tetrahedral antihelminthic.Among the locals There is a belief that the roots of this plant contain a substance having a lethargic effect.
Despite the diversity of species, and in the indoor environment, and in the open field, European growers-fans often grow Passiflora inkarnatnuyu (other names - passion, the Knights' star, passionflower red meat, passionflower telesnotsvetnaya) and passivation
florablue.Passionflower inkarnatnaya valued not only for decorative and tasty fruit, but also for its unique healing properties, and in the culture of the Indians has been introduced.
Homeland Passiflora inkarnatnoy - Brazil, Bermuda, southern, central and south-eastern regions of the United States.In the middle of the XIX century, the plant was brought to Sukhumi and since then cultivated in humid subtropical Transcaucasia.In these climatic conditions have passion in winter aerial parts die completely.However, due to the rapid growth it has time for one period of vegetation give the new 4-6-meter runners.
His name was unusual flower in the XVII century.The generic name is derived from Latin.Passio - suffering and flos - flower.It is believed that the Italian Jesuit Ferrari saw the first in its structure symbols tools the Lord's passion.Drawings on the colors of the vines are very similar to the crucifix (cross).Rising up the stigma of the flower symbolizes the three nails with which Christ was crucified.Five hammertoes stamens represent the five wounds of Christ.Below these floral patterns edge of colored threads, known as the corona.Colored strands symbolize the crown of thorns or a halo.Corolla has ten petals, each of which represents one of the Holy Apostles.Leaves and green vines are hand and whips prosecutors Christ.
Knights star plant called for its resemblance to the flower geometrically correct order.
inkarnatnaya Passionflower - a powerful perennial herbaceous climber, naturally occurs in humid subtropics of the Americas.Stem smooth, rounded, climb trees, and in the absence of support creeping, almost drevesneyuschy at the bottom.Leaves up to 10 cm long, leathery, long-petiolate, deeply tripartite, are arranged alternately on the stem.Top leaves green, bottom-grayish in their sinuses are located antennae with which vine climbs by tropical trees.Individual shoots reach a length of 9 meters.The rhizome is well developed, horizontal, length of several meters and a thickness of 3-15 mm.Flowers on long stalks, solitary, 7-9 cm in diameter, regular, double perianth, petals, lavender, with a midrib;stamens numerous, highly elevated column, pistils numerous.The flowers emit a strong odor, resembling the smell of lilacs.Between corolla and stamens are two rings of long thread-like color fringes, which gives the unique beauty of the flowers.Fruit - juicy berry oval greenish-yellow or yellow-orange color, length of 5-7 cm and 3-4 cm wide, with black seeds.The flesh is edible, contains a lot of ascorbic acid.
passionflower blooms in June - September;fruits ripen in August - October.
plant is enough thermophilic, so going through the subtropical winter in a state of biological rest, in the form of rhizomes.When grown indoors Passionflower is also required rest period.