How to grow a passion
Healing vine successfully bred for industrial purposes in the natural environment for her - the humid subtropics, and amateur gardeners to "tame" it in their backyards and even on the windowsill.
in ambient conditions different kinds of passion fruit is usually propagated by cuttings, either early in the spring, still green, or, more often, in June and July, partially woody.Cut off stem with two leaves and put into the prepared soil mix (for it is taken in equal parts peat and sand).Before planting, the lower ends of the cuttings is recommended in any case be disinfected and then the sections powder wood ash.For disinfection use a solution of the Goethe-roauksina (1 tablet per 1 liter of water), lowering it cuts cuttings for 6-8 hours.Instead of water, you can take a weak (pink) solution of potassium permanganate.With this simple procedure, you prevent rotting stems.
temperature for planting should be kept at least 20 ° C, and more preferably up to 25 ° C above zero, while rooting occurs in about a mon
young rooted plants are planted in pots.At this time, make a mixture of equal parts of peat, humus and sod land.Further care in principle is simple - you need to build a support for climbing shoots, select a location with sufficient sunlight.As a support for the plants can use trellises, ladders, railings - everything depends on your imagination and skill.Cavaliers star - very photophilous plant prefers to grow on windows south, east and west orientation.You can keep it on the windows with some shading.To grow this big does not matter, but the flowering will be less active.
Watering usually need abundant, especially young plants;from time to time planting sprayed and ventilate the room, but so that there was no draft.Subtropical guest can not tolerate drafts - they begin to fall off the leaves.
the winter passionflower usually goes into a state of relative rest.At this time the plants are best placed in the room where the temperature is maintained at about 8-10 ° C, but is acceptable and the temperature up to 14 ° above zero.Watering in winter reduce spraying is stopped or if the air in the room very much dry, sprayed, but not often.After our vine plunge into "hibernation", it is recommended to cut all the shoots - then next year it will be covered with strong thick foliage.
general pruning plays an important role in the life of passion fruit.Before the onset of winter dormancy long overgrown shoots should be shortened considerably - up to 0.5 m can carry out pruning and spring:. This procedure stimulates the growth of young shoots and abundant flowering, because the flower buds are tied exactly to the newly grown young shoots.Young plants usually start blooming in the spring of next year.If you want to get the fruit in room conditions, to their tying artificially pollinate open flowers: carry a cotton swab or a soft brush pollen from one flower to another.This procedure is repeated 2-3 times.
flowers Passiflora short-lived, and after a week on the peduncle 3-5 cm visible fetal ovary.After approximately six weeks the fruit reaches its final size, the ripening depending on the conditions required for about two months.
In the period of active growth of our green pets is required especially a lot of nutrients, and passionflower in this sense - is no exception.In winter, do not feed.
You can use ready-made fertilizer.In spring and summer passionflower fed 2-3 times a month, alternating organic fertilizers with mineral.Because organic is better to use the infusion of horse or cow manure;before use it was diluted with water, respectively, and 10 6 times.For mineral supplements are very convenient liquid compound fertilizers such as "effect" or "Vito" (dosage according to the instructions).Quarterly useful to conduct foliar fertilizer solution of iron sulphate (1 g / liter).You can try to propagate seeds and passionflower.They are sown in February-March in flat containers filled with the following mixture: sheet, peat, humus soil and sand, taken in equal parts.Temperature is not recommended for germination below 20-24 ° C.Be sure to maintain sufficient humidity and soil.Well, take care of the seedlings have emerged as well as in the reproduction of plants from cuttings.
Transplanted Cavaliers star annually, then in 2-3 years.When transplanting using pots with a diameter slightly larger than the previous ones, so that the root system is not too grew.The significant increase of the root system can lead to the rapid growth of shoots and hinder the process of flowering and fruiting.
Some amateur growers successfully
grown hydroponically passion, that is, not in soil mixtures and special solutions.
Procurement of raw materials
The pharmaceutical industry used aboveground part (grass) Passiflora - leaves, tendrils, buds, flowers, unripe fruits.Harvested raw materials in the three terms: when the vine buds are formed, and then at flowering time and, finally, in the beginning of ripening.Leafy shoots are collected by hand, cutting off the shoots with a length of 50-60 cm at a height of 15-20 cm from the soil surface.Dried material in the dryer (temperature 40-50 ° C) and in ventilated or attics.
Store dried herbs in a dry, well-ventilated area.Shelf life of medicinal raw materials - 2 years.