Ivy climbing (Hedera helix L.)
Ivy - a relative of the famous natural healers: ginseng, Aralia, devil.And just as they belong to the family Araliaceae.Distributed in moderately humid and shady deciduous and mixed forests, it is found among the bushes along the roads and rocky terrain, climbing to a height of 2000 m above sea level.It is found in Western, Central and Southern Europe.Also in Europe it is also common in the Caucasus, the Crimea, Iran, Lebanon, North Africa and the Canary Islands.Ivy is widely cultivated throughout Europe in parks, gardens and indoors as an ornamental plant.In plants XVIII century it was introduced into the culture in North America.
have ivy very beautiful dark green, five-lobed leaves.They are reproduced in the form of architectural decoration and interior decoration for a long time.ivy leaves can be seen on the cornices and columns of buildings, ornaments and pictures of garden lattices, in a wooden carving at antique furniture.In Asia Minor branches of ivy minted coins.Its leaves decorated eaves famou
ivy was a symbol of poets, its leaves are depicted on ornaments of cups and jugs.In ancient Egypt it was sacred "tree of Osiris."The early Christians considered it a symbol of immortality, and is still the custom to grow it on the graves.
Being shade tolerance, ivy stems often covers the walls and ceilings of the rooms and columns.Suction air roots allow it scansorial evergreens to climb to a considerable height.Ivy is used for making garlands, green rugs, borders.We derive several dozen garden and indoor forms of this plant: conventional, corrugated and split leaves, with yellow or white spots, the different nature of the growth of shoots, for example, are very beautiful form with foliage, falling down "cascade".
valued ivy has long been not just for decoration.Wood used in turning the case;a special substance secreted from ivy - gum - used in the production of alcoholic varnish required for oil painting.Flowers plants, despite its unprepossessing appearance, attract insects and give the so-called stone honey - it is an unusual white color.
With this beautiful vine associated with many romantic stories.For example, the legend of the birth of Dionysus, one of the most popular and powerful of the gods in Greek mythology, the patron saint of viticulture and winemaking, the god of vegetation.His parents were of Thunder Zeus and a mortal woman, Semele, the daughter of the king of Van-fi.A jealous wife of Zeus, Hera, learn about the latest changes, I decided to take revenge on her rival.Appearing to pregnant Semele in the form of a feeble old woman, she has advised that to ask Zeus to appear before it in its full glory.At a regular meeting at the request of the god of love Semele agreed to fulfill her every wish, vowing holy waters of the Styx.After hearing what the request lover, Zeus realized that it was revenge of Hera, but could not pull back from their vow.The palace flashed lightning, deafening thunder rumbled, lightning lit palace.Semel on fire fell to the ground, at which time she was born the son of Dionysus.It would seem that he was doomed to perish in the flames, but then out of the ground appeared shoots thick ivy that wound newborn, covered by the fire and saved from certain death.Since then, along with grape ivy - a symbol of Dionysus.They decorated the temples and statues of the god.Fans of Dionysos (Bacchante) wore on their heads crowns of ivy.In addition, they regularly ate its leaves.Now we can explain the ecstatic state in which the Bacchantes are usually acting on their psyche special substances, which many in the ivy.
ability to withstand fire ivy is not just part of the beautiful legend.She noticed and used since ancient times.In France and now Ivy along with rosemary plays an important role in the protection of forests from fires.In the south of the country, where
quite often there are fires in new and sometimes in older plantations planted these plants.
With ivy bound numerous beliefs and conspiracies.It was believed that the rod, carved out of wood ivy, prevents sore throat.
Ivy has long been known as a medicinal plant.
There is historical evidence that as a medicinal plant ivy was familiar to the ancient healers.In ancient Rome, it was used to treat the spleen, bladder, ugly scars on the body.Fresh ivy leaves applied for burns, skin rashes, scabies, festering wounds.
Great Eastern healer Avicenna, who lived at the turn of the X-XI centuries, mentioned in their treatises that Ivy has on body cleansing effect, and the milky juice of the plant has the ability to remove and destroy the hair lice.Boiled in wine and fresh ivy leaves Avicenna recommended for the treatment of wounds.Ivy Leaves in the form of bandages with ointment and wax he considered useful for burns.The medieval Armenian physician and scholar and lexicographer Amirdovlat Amancio-chi in the book "Useless for the ignorant" recommended the use of ivy with a generic weakness, amenorrhea.
plant mentioned in medieval European herbals.In German folk medicine, water infusion ivy leaf
used in diseases of the liver and spleen, jaundice, kidney stones, rheumatism.The ivy leaf was traditional German treatment for gout.
And in our time, traditional medicine widely uses the healing properties of the vines.The aqueous infusion leaf ivy is recommended for gastro-intestinal diseases, chronic rhinitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, rickets, amenorrhea, topically used to treat septic wounds.Bulgarian folk medicine recommends a decoction of ivy leaves with prolonged cough.In Georgia, the ivy is a part of "Madzhuni" national drug - it is used for many diseases, including gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Rhode ivy Araliaceae family includes 15 species.
generic Latin name of plants (Hedera), probably derives from the Greek language and means "singer, bard."However, some botanists believe that this name has Celtic roots, and is related to the Celtic word «hedea» - «cord».The specific name (helix) comes from the Latin «helisso», which means "curl".