Biologically active substances ivy and medical applications
pharmacological drugs provide value ivy especially triterpene saponins.These substances have begun to study in the first years of the XX century, when the sheet of ivy was isolated b-hederin.Currently, different kinds of ivy 50 found saponins.
Furthermore saponins sheets ivy winding contains tannins, steroids, Kuma-widths (e.g. skopolin), organic acids (caffeic, chlorogenic, formic and malic acid), pectin, gums, iodine (composed of organic compounds), carotenevitamins B, C and E, carbohydrates (fructose, sucrose, glucose, galactose, etc.) as well as a certain amount of anthocyanins and flavonoids (rutin, kaempferol glyco-carbothiohydrazide), mineral salts.Studied and composition of essential oil ivy leaf.
liana bark contains gum, triterpenoids, vitamins and mineral salts.
Due to the high content of saponin glycosides range of therapeutic effects of drugs is quite wide.These substances (in particular, emetine alkaloid) enhance the secretion of bronchial glands, mucous secretions from the alveoli - and
addition to these specific properties, the ivy shows also restorative and tonic effect on the body mobilizes its defenses and help you quickly recover from a debilitating disease.Prescribers of vines patients in the recovery period after serious operations, traumatic brain injury, in asthenic conditions after a long illness.
In a cold brew ivy take in chronic bronchitis, diseases of the liver and gall bladder, gout, rheumatism and heavy menstruation.A decoction of ivy helps in inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract: acute and chronic gastritis, duodenitis (inflammation of the duodenum),
enteritis and colitis (inflammation of the small intestine and colon).
ivy leaf exhibits anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and wound-healing effect, and it is marked as in internal and external use.Saponins exhibit its high antibacterial activity as well as detrimental effect on various kinds of harmful fungi.
ivy creeping anti-inflammatory effect is provided, in addition, it antiekssu-dative properties.
Thanks kapillyaroukreplyayuschee properties ivy plant is now considered promising in the treatment and prevention of venous insufficiency.
The plant also has a diuretic effect, relieves spasms and lowers at a certain time blood pressure.For this purpose, use a water-alcohol extract of the bark and the alcoholic extract of ivy flowers.In small doses, the main biologically active substance ivy - hederin - narrows blood vessels and slows the heartbeat, has a sedative effect in disorders of cardiac activity.
Clinical experience has shown the high efficiency of ivy drugs in the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.When these violations and they are recommended as a prophylactic measure.
study recently abortive properties ivy preparations - their exhibits infusion
flowers.Of Nepalese ivy (Hedera nepalensis K. Koch) isolated alkaloids, has a devastating effect on sperm.It is possible that ivy will find its application in the production of contraceptives.
The fact that the plant is poisonous, known in ancient times.But it is potent plant toxins help to cope with such a serious illness like cancer.Now ivy toxic substances studied due to their anti-cancer properties.
Ivy extract is used to treat sunburn.It also disperses fluids and toxins;accumulate under the skin, these substances lead to disruption of metabolic processes in the subcutaneous tissue and provoke the appearance of goal-lyulita.
Outwardly infusion and decoction of ivy leaves are used as healing wounds, burns, fungal infections of the scalp, abrasions, lice, scabies, as well as poultices for breeding corns and warts, Wen, polyps, tumors on the skin.Effective these funds with multiple boils and streptococcal.There are reports of successful treatment of drug ivy occupational dermatitis caused irritants.
Broth ivy leaves treat inflammatory diseases of the external female genitalia (used for vaginal douching), this tool helps and belyah.
addition to all the above cases, decoctions of leaves or shoots of ivy is used as an astringent and as a laxative (depending on the dosage), headaches, atherosclerosis, pain in the limbs.