Ivy - One of the most common de-korativnolistnyh houseplants.It looks great not only for vertical gardening, but also as a basket plant in hanging baskets and even as a groundcover in the flower garden.
Of course, most of the ivy growing in the wild for it forms like a vine.On its stems are air-sucker roots, via which the plant easily climbs the wallpaper, panels, etc. However, there are kinds of ivy, in which no aerial roots, -.. In this case, the plant will need special support.There are instances that shoots its cover not only the wall, but the ceiling of the room.
for growing indoors in the first place suitable small-leaved plants - they may differ in coloring, size and shape of leaves.
With great love for this vine is quite possible to assemble a collection of different house types - up to 30 or more.
began compiling a collection worth a few particularly ornamental varieties of ivy:
variety with almost oval and round leaves (Hedera helix Harald, Hedera helix scutifolia);
Class with star-shape
variety with crimped edges (Hedera helix cristata, Hedera helix Ivalace);
variety with smooth edges, with a pure green color (Hedera helix Annette, Hedera helix Green Ripple);
variety with almost yellow leaves (Hedera helix Eva, Hedera helix Mona Lisa);
variety with mottled leaves (Hedera helix Jubilee, Hedera helix Glacier, Hedera helix Glorie de Marengo).
What conditions are needed
Ivy - undemanding plant, it touches and light, and temperature requirements.It can grow in areas poorly heated in winter (no lower than 12 ° C).Regular spraying perezimuet well at normal room temperature.
Prefers bright light (especially peculiar variegated varieties), but also in the penumbra will develop well.In winter, you need to ensure a better location.
soil with ivy growing moisturize regularly.In the summer watering abundant, the soil should be kept moist.In the winter - a moderate, the land should not be dry, but should not be too crude.Excessive substrate moisture can damage the plant.Instead, spray the vine should be as often as possible.Periodically useful to arrange bathing in the shower.
As the composition of the soil: it is best to use a light soil mix based on peat and humus.Take 1 part of the turf, peat, humus, ground sheet and 1 part sand.
Our vine is very responsive to the supplementary feeding, the feed can be any ready-made, store bought or homemade traditional fertilizers.From March to August, fed complex fertilizer for decorative foliage houseplants.Feeding is carried out every two weeks.Good ivy belongs to the infusion of mullein.However, frequent feeding can reduce the decorative appeal of small-leaved forms: leaves become very large.
To plant did not lose the decorative and different density of foliage and "fluffiness", the ends of shoots from time to time be sure pinch.
Transplanted plants every two years in a pot larger diameter.Propagated ivy is very simple: stem cuttings or air layering.For better rooting cuttings can be covered glass jar or bag.
to pests and diseases Ivy is not too prone.But still on the plant may appear red spider mite.In warm and especially dry areas affected scale insects.In this case the plant should be moved to a cooler place and get rid of the pest first mechanical means - cut the affected stems.Then the process is liana insecticide.Good results against many pests gives karbofosom processing.Spraying is carried out very carefully so that the solution came under every leaf, or some time later the pest propagate again.Some growers recommend that instead of spraying to rinse all the leaves of ivy in a basin with insecticide.
Brown spots on leaves - a sign of the defeat of the fungus Phylosticta.If the diseased leaves little, they need to be removed.If the plant is severely damaged, you will have to destroy it.It appears the disease is in violation of watering regimes and humidity.
Basically it is common to all houseplant care deficiencies.
If the edges of the leaves wither, become brown in color, stem oblistven bad - so the room temperature is too high content of dry air.
Leaves are small, bare stems, twisted -
plant lacks light.But in general, and in healthy adult specimens leaves at the base of the stem with age tend to fall off.
Pestrolistvennye forms lose the decorative color, smooth leaves turn green - this is also a consequence of the lack of light.Move the plant to a brighter place.
yellowing and leaf fall can be caused by lack of moisture.Another reason - a close pot.
eliminate all these shortcomings the content, of course, will not be difficult.
Procurement of raw materials
As a medicinal raw material used dry ivy leaves, at least - green shoots with leaves and bark.Harvest the leaves in spring or summer and dried in a shady location.Shoots are harvested in the summer during the flowering period.Raw material is spread in a layer of 4-5 cm and dried in the shade or in a special oven at 50-60 ° C, stirring periodically.Store medicinal raw materials in a tightly sealed container for 1-2 years.
bark removed from the mature plants in the spring, at the beginning of sap flow, cut into pieces, left in the sun for wilting.Then finally dried in an oven at a temperature of 50-60 ° C.Store raw materials in a cardboard box can be a long time - up to 4 years.