With this acaulescent evergreen potted plant familiar to all of us, even if we know it under a different name - "pike tail".Look it is remembered instantly, is worth seeing at least once these peculiar sticking up like swords, striped leaves.Sometimes we also called "Teschin language" or "ragged tail", and the British - "devil's tongue" or "leopard lily," the Americans - "snake skin".
Rhode sansevera named for an Italian prince sansevieriya, who lived in the XVIII century in the kingdom of Naples to patronize science.Treat this relatively small genus (includes up to 60 species) family dratsenovyh.But sometimes it can be found in the literature references that sansevery included in the family of the agave.Indeed, they have in common with agave belongs to the group of plants, succulents: appearance (no stems and compact arrangement of the leaves), simplicity, ability to survive in the harshest conditions, long time without food and water by storing everything you need in strong leaves.However, the healing
experts, but many owners "Apothecary Garden" on the window sill.And the action in San Sevier is experiencing the brave single.
Native house "pike tail" - the savannah, desert and semi-tropical regions of Africa.It is found in the wild on the island of Madagascar, as well as in Asia - in the Arabian Peninsula, and in Ceylon.In the homeland of this plant are planted to create a hedge near the dwellings;In addition, Aborigines have used fiber sansevery as a bowstring for bows.In India, it is specially cultivated since time immemorial as a valuable fiber plant - it is made of rough, but strong fabric, rope and marine ropes.
In Europe sansevera appeared in the XVIII century and has since grown as dekorativnolistnyh indoor and landscape plants.In appearance, these "African women" are divided into two groups: high upright species with long lanceolate leaves and a variety of short leaves, forming a rosette.
most often on the window sills can be seen sanseveru trehpoloschatuyu (Sansevieria trifasciata).She expressed no stem, leaves linear sword-shaped, upright standing.In the largest specimens leaves can grow up to 1.5 meters in length and up to 2.5-7 cm wide.On both sides are thick, leathery, with light and dark green horizontal stripes, reminiscent in shape and coloring of the body of the pike.The most striking of these bands are
young plants.At the top of the sheet - a pointed cap and pointed styloid, but not prickly tip.In some species the leaves are covered sansevery characteristic-succulent plant with a thin wax coating that protects them from moisture evaporation.
Leaves depart directly from a thick underground rhizomes (up to 2 cm in diameter).It is creeping, with strong roots, able to break even too close pot.
sansevery flowers in white or greenish, with narrow petals and long stamens, perianth with a length of 4 cm, collected in dense cylindrical inflorescence on a long erect spike.In the premises to see blooming "pike tail" manages not too often.In nature, the flowers of some of its species secrete drops of nectar that attracts pollinating insects.They are very fragrant, are disclosed in the evening and at night emit a strong vanilla aroma.