How to care for sansevieriya
Sansevera - one of the most unpretentious and hardy houseplants.
Easily propagated by rhizomes - are divided into segments, with the kidneys, - or leaf cuttings.Variegated varieties sansevery to save the color propagated only by division of rhizomes.Do this in the spring before the start of active growth.In instances erect rhizomes are divided into 2-3 parts, each of them must be at least 2-3 leaves and a bit of roots, plants with leaf rosettes are divided so that each part has its own outlet.
for reproduction by cuttings mature leaves are cut into pieces 6-8 cm long (best place slices sprinkled to disinfect powdered charcoal) and are planted in pots with oblique
wet sand, bury 2 cm Rooting usually takes place a long time -. For a monthor a half.Special conditions for this do not need to create.Optimum temperature 20 to 22 ° C.Supports only moderate humidity and sand (water is poured into the pan).You can cover up the cuttings of glass jars that day lifted for ventilation.After rooting the young plan
plant cold-resistant, the inhabitant of the tropics in winter feels good at a temperature of 16-18 ° C, but should ensure that the thermometer does not fall below 14-16 ° C.to the illumination requirements: a plant light-requiring, but at the same time and shade tolerant.So it can be grown on the windows, leaving not only to the south and south-east.This spring and summer the plant should be protected from direct sunlight - they can cause burns on the leaves.
Sansevera tolerates dry soil requires heavy watering, in winter it is reduced to a necessary minimum - only to not dry rhizomes.When watering is necessary to make sure that water does not get into the middle of the leaf rosette.Excessive watering can lead to the appearance of brown spots on the leaves or even to fall off them.It is useful to periodically wash the leaves with a soft damp sponge sansevery,
soaked in lukewarm water, and loosen the soil surface.To
plants had a healthy appearance, it is desirable to give them a dressing slurry and complex mineral fertilizers.You can use the fertilizer for cacti.Feeding introduced in May and during the summer, 2 times a month, in the rest of the year - 1 time per month.Most do not fertilize, or "pike tail" loses its decorative appeal - stripes on the leaves turn pale and become almost invisible.
Transplanted adult plants in March and April in the soil mixture of heavier composition than the "young".Make up her 2 parts turf ground, and humus, leaf soil and sand take on one part.When transplanting in the bottom of the vessel is laid drainage of broken bricks.Young plants are transplanted each year, old - less, if necessary.
Pests and diseases: sansevera may be affected spider mites, scale insects, and scale insects.If the leaves appear white spots, it means that they were attacked by mealybug and if there were light brown pustules, then hit the brown leaves Jose scale.Pests removed with a cloth soaked in pure alcohol, or sprayed with insecticide with systemic action.
When too abundant watering can rot the roots: it also signals the brown spots on the leaf blade and leaf appears at the bottom of the rot.It is necessary to remove the plant from the pot
, remove the decayed part and rhizomes to dry for about a week.In addition, cut off any damaged leaves and treat the cut sulfur anti-fungal drug.After that, put the plant back and observe required irrigation mode - only when the soil is dry.