Stevia useful properties
Another name for this plant - "dvulistnik sweet."It is a perennial herbaceous shrub, highly branched, 60-90 cm tall, sometimes up to 1-1.5 meters. He is known for its unusual leaves.They look inconspicuous, too small and reminiscent of mint leaves.Shoots end loosely placed flowers 2-6.Seeds of stevia often not viable.But it is easy to propagate vegetatively - by cuttings or by dividing the bush.
stevia leaves are 10-15 times sweeter than usual us sugar or refined sugar lump.Moreover, non-carbohydrate sweetener is natural, with almost zero calories, has a unique healing, wellness and preventive properties.
The genus Stevia has more than 80 species, some of them are native to North America, the other - the natives of the South American continent.But only Stevia Rebaudiana and another two are extant species differ in their natural sweetness of green mass.In the wild sweet Stevia it was first discovered in the mountainous regions of Paraguay and Brazil.The indigenous people of those places - the Guarani
In our country, this plant is even and starts to gain popularity, but it is widespread not name.Meanwhile grow stevia at home or in the garden is very simple, even if you have no experience in crop production.Now thanks to the unique nutritional and medicinal properties, it is grown around the globe: and where the climate is favorable, and in more severe conditions.In Crimea, stevia appeared in 1986, and now there are large plantations, and it has grown for industrial purposes.In Russia a valuable planting was at the turn of 80-90-ies.Summer harvests of sweet sheet is prepared on the garden plots at us in the Northwest, in the middle lane and even in the Urals.Well, if you settle the foreign guests at his window sill, it will supply you with a healing raw materials throughout the year.
The first scientific description of "sweet grass" was published in the end of XIX century naturalist Dr. Antonio Bertoni.Then the plant was called Eupatorium Rebaudianum - in honor of the Italian scientist Ovid Rebaudi.In his expeditions he studied relic plants
Paraguay and, of course, could not fail to hear from local residents about the unusual sugar substitutes.Italian first reported to Europeans about the presence in the leaves of stevia sweeteners special.
In the early XX century, the study of these substances do analytical chemists, a little later - doctors.Already in 1913, the Hamburg State Key Laboratory announced the results of the research: Stevia can become an industrial alternative to cane and beet sugar as well as sugar substitute in the diet of diabetics.Serious work on the cultivation of stevia in our country planned to famous Russian scientist Nikolai Vavilov - 30-ies of XX century, he traveled with the expedition of the Americas and brought back a few flower heads with seeds.Unfortunately, his plans went awry.Then the seeds did not germinate, and then came the dark days of repression, war, and for a long time in Russia, you forget about the exotic guest - more than half a century.But in Europe, a new plant for a long time could not find a wide application in any industry or in medicine.A new round of interest in stevia began in World War II - due to a lack of habitual plant sugars.
Now the market in industrialized countries it is difficult to imagine without the processing of Stevia products.Especially popular is a plant in the Far East and South-East Asia - China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia.In Japan, for example, stevioside occupies more than 40% in the commercial market sweets.They sweetened fruit juices, soft drinks, ice cream, chewing gum - and all of these products are not only low-calorie, but also preventive (prevent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and oral cavity).Unlike artificial sweeteners, stevioside is not destroyed by heating, so it is used for cooking and baking hot drinks.In addition, he showed himself remarkably in the manufacture of pickles, dried seafood, fish and meat products, soy sauce, as it softens the bluff taste of salt.
In China in 1990, held the IX World Symposium on diabetes and longevity.He confirmed that Stevia - one of the most valuable food and medicinal plants, promotes bioenergy human capabilities, allowing people with diabetes to lead an active lifestyle into old age, for which she was awarded a special gold prize.
More than 60 years of stevia as a completely harmless natural sweetener is grown in many countries.Plantations of this plant can be seen in Latin America, Brazil, Japan, Moldova, in Asia, in Japan and China.It grows wild in the highlands of Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia.
Antonio Bertoni stevia opened in 1887. In 1901, the British consul in Asunone wrote in his report: "This plant, which is known to Indians for hundreds of years or more, and whose secret, as usual, so strictly kept them, growing in the highlandsAmambay and near the source of the river Mandi.Leaves her small, and the flower is still tiny, and the Indians call it the Kaa-echo, meaning sweet herb because of its sweetness, with only a few leaves are sufficient to sweeten a great cup of tea, which also give a nice flavor. "Indians for many centuries used stevia to sweeten tea.It is enough to throw a few leaves in a glass to tea became sweet.
very first country to recognize the purpose of the green-Telnice, was Japan.In 1945, after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japanese are looking for a plant that would be able to rid the body of radionuclides and heavy metals.Found this plant in 1946 in Bolivia.They turned out to stevia.
Since 1950, the Japanese began to seriously study the stevia plant and grow it in greenhouses.By 1987, Japan had been harvested a total of 1700 metric tons of stevia leaves, gave an estimated 190 tons of stevioside extracts.By 1988, stevia extracts captured 41% of the Japanese market of sugar substitutes.
herb Stevia contains substances similar in characteristics to the coffee aroma and cinnamon, as well as vitamins B ,null, B2, C, B - carotene, pro-vitamin A, vitamin E (the content of vitamin P can be compared only with blueberries), rutinvitamin PP (niacin), vitamin F (polyunsaturated oil), minerals (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, silicon, zinc, copper, selenium, chromium).
used stevia as a food product - a natural sugar substitute.One gram of herbs replaces about thirty grams of sugar, but, unlike the latter, stevia has no high-calorie, does not increase blood glucose levels, does not stimulate the inflammatory processes in the tissues of the body, which allows recommending it for diabetics, people suffering from obesity, inflammatory diseasesoral cavity, stomach and intestine.
Many healers used stevia as a tonic to normalize blood sugar (diabetes), obesity, for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the stomach and duodenum, to reduce the harmful effects of aspirin tablet (aspirin), as well as an anticancer agent and as adrug, strengthens blood vessels.include its ability to reduce the content of the "bad" cholesterol in the blood, normalization of liver and gallbladder, protect liver cells from entering the body of toxic substances the positive properties.
Japanese food industry makes extensive use of stevia in food production.Most amazing of all is that it is most commonly used in pickling products (the fact that stevioside contained in the grass, suppresses the pungency of sodium chloride).This combination is common in the Japanese diet in foods such as pickled vegetables, dried seafood, soy sauce and OE
Stevia is also used in the preparation of many sugary drinks, candy, chewing gum, in baked products and cereals, yogurt and ice creams
nom, ciders and teas, as well as toothpastes and mouthwashes.
and Stevia extract therefrom - stevioside also used as sugar.Adding it can be in any dish.She is not afraid of the heat treatment, feels good in any pastries.
Many scholars of the West, and South America would recommend that instead of sugar to switch to stevia and products from it.This is especially true of patients with diabetes.
In the United States, products with stevia have been widely producing in 1995, and stevioside substance (it is a sweet taste and gives the plant leaves) announced a strategic raw material.On the basis of products with stevia Pentagon in recent years has completely rebuilt the diet of the US Army.
In our country, the Federal target program "Diabetes".One of its tasks - to organize the production of modern domestic sugar substitutes, but not artificial, and on the basis of substances of plant origin.In the near future it is planned to build a broad production of medicines and dietary foods with ste-Vija.
sweet taste of stevia is due to the extremely high content of glycosides.Stevioside contained in all aerial parts of plants, but especially in its many leaves.As a sweetener that substance (pure) 300 times stronger than usual, we vegetable sugars.It is the sweetest natural substance from all presently known, it does not include the formula nitrogen and contains almost no glucose.Among other glycosides in stevia leaves found rebaudio-zidy, dulkozid and steviolbioside.Furthermore, the biologically active agents include stevia essential oil (mineral comprises more than 50 components), flavonoids, various vitamins (C, A, E and group B), tannins (tannins), macro- and microelements (potassium, calcium,phosphorus, magnesium, silicon, zinc, copper, selenium, chromium), nutrients and other valuable components.
plant has a tonic, restorative and preventive action.Drink with Stevia leaves quickly restores power with physical and nervous exhaustion, improves intellectual productivity, protects with emotional overload, slows the aging process.Stevia strengthens the immune system, recommended for people whose work is held in extreme conditions, as well as pregnant and nursing mothers, young children (for the body's normal growth and development of the central nervous system).
Stevia rebaudiana improves metabolism, promotes rapid and complete removal from our body's metabolic products, toxins and helps get rid of harmful substances that enter our body from environmentally contaminated food - for example, by salts of heavy metals.Lowers cholesterol, and radionuclides in the body.It recommended in many diseases associated with metabolic disorders, including obesity, diabetes, pancreatitis, atherosclerosis.Stevia preparations provide a gradual and stable effect in weight loss programs - this month, patients are overweight lose 5-7 kg.The use of Stevia effectively and in diseases of the joints (arthritis, osteoarthritis), because this pathology is also disturbed metabolism and is recommended to limit the consumption of sugar.
experiments scientists of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, confirms the value of stevia as a preventive agent against hypertension.There have been and its reparative properties, that is, to help the body to repair cells and tissues, and antioxidant properties - it is important for the prevention and treatment of tumors.Stevioside prevents the formation of ulcers on the mucosa of the stomach and intestines.For example, if we take acetylsalicylic acid, phenylbutazone and other anti-inflammatory drugs in combination with an extract of ste-vided that this completely avoids damage to the walls of the gastrointestinal tract.
have appeared in recent years and the publication that the use of stevioside reduces cravings for nicotine and alcohol, and even heavy drugs.
Stevioside has antibacterial and antifungal properties, inhibit the development of many disease-causing organisms, it is an excellent natural preservative.Therefore, it is recommended for oral diseases: protects tooth enamel from destruction, protects teeth from decay and gums from periodontitis - a common cause of tooth loss, including diabetes.Now abroad produce toothpastes, elixirs, rinse and chewing gum with ste-viozidom.
Tannins bind proteins of the mucous membranes and skin, turning them into more stable insoluble compounds.This means that the bacteria adhering to damaged portions, deprived of food.Therefore, the plant has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and protective action, effective for skin irritations, cuts, burns, frostbite.If the wound wet the solution of stevia, it heals without scarring.It accelerates healing and trophic ulcers.Infusion of leaves used for the treatment of purulent wounds and postoperative stitches.Stevia reduces pain and speeds up healing of burns and bites of poisonous insects.
it helps fight various skin disorders, including dermatitis and eczema.Stevia leaf contains silicic acid, which improves the condition of connective tissue, skin, hair and nails.Broth stevia successfully used, for example, for the treatment of seborrhea.
There is also anti-allergic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic (diuretic) effect of stevia.It improves the functioning of the thyroid gland, liver, pancreas, kidney and spleen.With regular use of products with stevia strengthens blood vessels, improves blood rheology, fluidity, and it is important for the prevention of blood clots and blockage of blood vessels.
And yet, despite this considerable list of medicinal properties, the most valuable thing in this plant - the ability of biologically active substances to regulate blood sugar.For the assimilation of stevioside is not necessary to participate insulin, so it can be safely included in the diet of diabetics.Especially valuable is the property of patients in the early stages of diabetes, have not yet switched to insulin - their usual foods with sucrose and glucose are strictly prohibited.At the use of stevioside insulin-dependent patients reduce the risk of hypoglycemia-cal and hyperglycemic conditions;You can even gradually to reduce the daily doses of insulin.And healthy people in the use of stevia extract saharoponizhayuschy effect does not occur.
In some countries, doctors offer to reduce your sugar intake by 30%, replacing it with natural sweeteners, such as stevioside.They believe that such a step should radically improve the nation - will decrease the percentage of diabetes, obesity and other metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the teeth and gums will improve neuro-psychological state of the people and improve immunity.
Cosmetics - Stevia
cosmetics manufacturers in their products successfully combine the properties of colloidal silver and broth stevia.This allows you to magnify cosmetic effect: increased safety (an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect), improved nutrition of skin cells and their ability to regenerate (restoration), slowing the aging process of the skin.Stevia is especially effective care for the sensitive skin around the eyes.
can use the infusion of the leaves of stevia or, even easier, herbal tea bags in the home.The product is suitable for skin types.Prepare a concentrated infusion of leaves or strong tea solution
«Stevia" is moistened with this fluid linen or gauze, put on the face for 30 minutes.Then rinsed face - first tepid, then cool water.If you regularly use such a mask, the skin softens, it becomes more elastic, smooth wrinkles.