Useful and therapeutic properties of the citrus
chemical composition is similar in many ways the juice from different types of citrus fruit: fruit juice contains sugar, organic acids (eg, citric acid), a unique complex of vitamins, pectin, mineral salts, macro - and trace elements, volatile, essential oils and other biologicallyactive substance.Differences between various citrus fruits - in a proportion of these substances on 100 g pulp and svoebrazii combinations thereof.Hence differences in the pharmacological effects - for example, lemon is indispensable for the prevention and treatment of viral infections
, grapefruit strengthens blood vessels and prevents heart attacks, orange normalizes bowel ... Orange, by the way, belongs to the palm - the number included in itscomposition of natural sugar.But in lemon and lime almost no sugar.Grapefruit and oranges among other fruits and fellow citrus share first place on the content of fiber, which is essential for cleaning the digestive tract.
Thus all citrus faithfully serve us, protecting against differ
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - plays an important role in the metabolic processes of the organism: it stimulates the oxidation processes.Activates various enzymes, normalizes carbohydrate metabolism, improves the absorption of glucose in the intestines.'Fuel', the fat burning process, prevents fatty liver, helps to restore the disturbed metabolism in the body - so fresh citrus juices are indispensable in the diet food.
Ascorbic acid inhibits the development of atherosclerosis, increases excretion of cholesterol through the intestines and reduces its level in the blood.Potassium and vitamin P - lemon juice in combination with ascorbic acid, and these substances strengthen while doing elastic walls of blood vessels.And it is also an excellent prevention of atherosclerosis, and in addition helps to cope with nosebleeds.The same can be said about the orange and grapefruit juice.
Vitamin C is essential for the formation of the protective functions of the body, it supports and activates our immune system;increases resistance to various infections.
Ascorbic acid stimulates the central nervous system, is involved in the synthesis of serotonin and norepinephrine.These hormones affect our well-being, mood and activity.Useful vitamin C and anti-smoking - helps neutralize (like vitamins E and Bj) free radicals: they come in huge quantities in the smoker with each puff.
proved that vitamin C normalizes the activity of sex hormones, which is especially important for the elderly.One of the main functions of vitamin C - its active participation in the formation of collagen.Collagen - a gelatinous substance, which is part of the connective tissue, cartilage and bone.Additionally, this vitamin helps in faster healing, stimulate cell renewal.And with age, as we know, the need for such a collagen-ing regeneration (ie, recovery) of the skin and bone tissue is gradually increased.So, and it increases the need for vitamin C - that's why it is so appreciated this vitamin surgeons and beauticians.
Vitamin P (rutin) - an organic compound from the group of flavonoids, has a high biological activity.It reduces the increased permeability of blood vessels induced by various causes.This is used for the treatment of skin diseases, hypotension (low blood pressure), gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.It helps in the treatment of some diseases of the liver, gall bladder, eye, in obstetric practice, in case of poisoning.Often vitamin E administered in combination with vitamin A. The combination of these vitamins in the citrus juice has a beneficial effect narabote cardiovascular system.Rutin strengthens the effect of ascorbic acid.Dr. Frank Spayzer (USA), engaged in the study of medicinal properties of citrus, stated: excessive consumption of citrus fruits revitalizes the cardiovascular system and lowers high blood pressure - thanks to the high content of potassium and folic acid.
presence of citrus fruits vitamins C, A and certain trace elements helps to cleanse the internal environment of the body - blood, lymph.Therefore, some foreign authors recommend prescribe to cancer patients an average of 18-20 g of ascorbic acid per day.In addition, citrus necessarily included in
diet of patients during the radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and in the recovery period after surgery when tumors.
Generally found in citrus fruits several dozen anti-cancer compounds - such as carotenoids.The peel of oranges and lemons found compounds, cleansing the liver from accumulated carcinogens (which is why it is recommended not to throw away when cooking zest and add it in different dishes).Australian doctors Group published evidence that citrus consumption up to 50% (!) Reduces the development of diseases such as cancer of the mouth, throat and stomach.Of course, the anti-cancer properties of citrus fruits require further serious research.
long been confirmed by the ability of citrus juice to kill harmful bacteria and stop their growth (bactericidal and bakteriosta-matic operation).It is due to the effect of the presence of volatile production - and of the southern fruits are very rich.Even so, not only due to vitamin C, citrus - a reliable assistant in the fight against various infections.Volatile, was found a few years ago, not only heals, purify the atmosphere in the room, but also improve performance, especially if a person spends much time at the computer.If you saturate the air in the room scents of citrus, the number of errors in the computer set to fall by half;in addition, it reduces the burden on the eyes, drowsiness disappear (data of Japanese researchers).
Citric acid - an organic compound found in all kinds of citrus, natural citric acid is obtained from the dried peel of the fruit.It plays an important role in metabolism - for example, blocking the deposition of fat in the body.It is also used as a food additive and as an antioxidant as a stabilizer in various fats.It is used for balancing the acid-base balance (pH), as well as a preservative.
Citrus juices containing citric acid, are essential in the treatment of infectious diseases, accompanied by high temperature, fever, symptoms of fever.Many people know how unbearable is thirst during fever.This is due to including the failure branches of the salivary glands.Mouth hot and dry;tongue sticks to the palate.If we introduce in the stomach for some amount of citric acid, it will reduce the secretion of gastric juice.On the other hand, it will increase salivation.Acidified citrus drinks, acting reflexively, increase saliva office and deliver a great relief to the patient.
In addition, the high content of organic acids in citrus provides an important cue kosmetologiches-effect: they help to regulate the acid-alkaline balance of the skin, promote cell renewal.
citrus essential oils have a beneficial effect on the nervous system: have a wide range of medicinal properties: excite breathing, stimulate the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.May have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, stimulant, analgesic, hypotensive effect (lowering blood pressure).Another essential oils actively influence the activity of the cardiovascular and central nervous system.Capacity at its versatility and provide targeted, selective action - because one of us is necessary to appease the nerves get up to mischief, and someone - on the contrary, increase the tone and vitality refill.They help the body to resist the aggressive environment, deal with chronic fatigue, restore lost mental balance.These biologically active substances - a great helper in the treatment of a wide variety of somatic (bodily) diseases;including diseases of the skin (due to their antiseptic properties), the internal organs.Citrus essential oils play an important role in the genital stimulation.
psychotherapeutic effect will not only inhalation of citrus scents: orange yellow color th - excellent antidepressants (so nice to keep at his desk with a vase of colorful fruits).
In the aggregate of all its curative properties of citrus has a rejuvenating effect.
Yet the main value of these solar fruit - in the prevention of vitamin deficiency in the ability to increase the body's resistance in the period of acute respiratory infections, influenza epidemics.