Useful and therapeutic properties of orange
There are also other names of this representative of the genus Citrus of the family Rutaceae - bigaradiya, bitter orange.The Latin species name - Citrus Bigaradia.
evergreen perennial fruit plant.Homeland - eastern Himalayas.In the culture prevalent in Mediterranean countries, in the Middle East;in the former Soviet Union - in the humid subtropics of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus (from Gagra to Batumi) and in Azerbaijan.
trees in height from 2 to 10 m. The branches and shoots with large (up to 6-10 cm) spikes.The leaves are elliptical in shape, pointed, green above, shiny, below - lighter, slightly serrated, wavy.On leaves many visible translucent container of essential oil.The flowers are large, white, solitary or in inflorescences, with a strong aroma.Blossoms in April-May, the fruits ripen in November-January.orange harvest in the southern regions of Russia harvested in October-November.
Fruit -. Bacciform, ball-shaped, sometimes slightly flattened, 6-7 cm in diameter Peel about 1 cm thick, b
fruits contain: sugar, citric acid, malic acid, salicylic acid and gallic acid, flavonoids -
hesperidin (10%);found in the seeds of fatty oil (18%).The flowers and leaves - a high content of essential oils.
Eastern medicine has long used the fruit, and orange juice from them.The fruits found furokumarinov umbelliferone, has a strong antifungal activity.The essential oil of the fruit is also characterized by bactericidal properties.This means that bitter orange is widely used as an antiemetic, protivokash-left, diaphoretic, helps digestion, carminative, expectorant, pain in the stomach, indigestion, stagnation in the chest cavity, a roll of the rectum, diseases of the spleen, painful urge to a chair.Seeds are recommended for loss of appetite, chest pain, colds, coughs, hernia, inflammation of the testicles.Externally applied in powdered form for the information of freckles.In traditional oriental medicine orange fruits are part of the contraceptive.
fresh orange fruits usually do not use, but used for the production of juice, soft drinks, jellies.From flower extract essential oil (neroli) for the perfume industry.This oil enjoys the widest popularity among aromatera-internist.
also used the fruit peel (Wild orange peel) and deciduous unripe fruit ( "Pomerantseva nuts") - the size of a pea or a nut, solid, gray-green, fragrant.
dried peel of the ripe fruit is used to make herbal medicines (herbal medicines - medicines from vegetable or animal raw materials, different from novogalenovyh drugs purity of dietary fiber).These two products - peel and "nuts" - contain essential oils, valuable organic acids, bitter substances, such as hesperidin glycoside.
In medicine, fruits and orange peel are used in preparations, stimulating appetite and improves digestion.Peel included as an aromatic bitter taste of the finished tincture pharmacy.
Official herbal medicine is much more appreciative of bitter orange as a medicinal raw material in comparison with orange sweet - it has a higher content of biologically active substances.
Bitter orange - an effective tool against a variety of neurological disorders.It is used to reduce irritability, and increased nervous excitability, with sudden fear states with palpitations;in neurasthenia with impaired function of the stomach and loss of appetite;and sleep disorders.Tea from the flowers and leaves of this plant - one of the best of the gastrointestinal sedatives, helps with nausea and vomiting.It may also assist in certain forms of migraine, primarily caused by stressful situations.