Almost all kinds of citrus can be successfully grown at home.The difference between these cultures to see fruit trees is that they grow, flower and fruit throughout the year.Citrus culture can not be called unpretentious plants, their cultivation requires a certain knowledge, effort and patience.How
need that you personally - it's you, of course, themselves.
Methods of citrus cultivation in the conditions of a city apartment is almost the same for different species, so we can take as a basis for lemon cultivation technology.
Recently purchased a lemon and other citrus plants is quite simple - you can do it in a flower shop or in the greenhouse sector.
main attention when caring for citrus fruit in room conditions should be paid leaves and Cro-not your fruit trees.The leaves are washed with water or sprinkled through a strainer at least 1 time in 2 weeks.Replacing the leaves of lemon occurs gradually as they age.Each leaf live an average of about 2 years, and in favorable conditions and with good car
And if growth is weak or non-existent?And even more so if there is premature leaf fall?This suggests an unfavorable microclimate for the plants, which should be immediately changed.last year's leaves should be especially careful to protect (the darker and thicker) - they are physiologically more active in the spring and provide nutrients to the entire plant.A young leaves just developed, connected to the power supply all the plant organism only next year.
clear that the falling of the leaves generated by adverse conditions, adversely affects the yield of fruit.It was found that the formation and maturation of the fruit indoors citrus tree should be at least 10 mature leaves.But the plant needs more nutrients and - for the formation of new leaves and for the normal functioning of the root system.
If the conditions of detention suit your citrus tree, it is in the course of the year will be a period of growth 3-4.
What are the conditions
Solar or very lit location.
timely transplant (not more than 1 time in 2 years).
uniform temperature (16-22 ° C).
Humidity - about 70-75%.
Additional lighting in the winter.
Citrus needs a lot of sunlight and a certain humidity - they come from the subtropics.Lemons - the most shade-tolerant and moisture-loving citrus.But
with excessive shade, and they will blossom and bear fruit.They successfully grown on the windows facing the east, west, south-west, south-east and south.Oranges more picky - they only southern sunlight is required for normal development.
When grown in pots with citrus rooms should be placed on stands.It is necessary to avoid the intense cooling of the root system as compared to the crown.After all, the bottom pot of earth sometimes cools down to 5-6 ° C, and the leaves can be heated air flow from the battery to 20 ° or more.As a consequence - leaves evaporate moisture in large numbers, and the roots absorb it poorly.This can lead to stagnation of water in the pot and root rot.
summer citrus is possible and even desirable to bear in partial shade in the garden, burying it in the ground with a flowerpot.Lessons plants watered daily and sprayed crown.If the weather is hot, spraying is carried out several times a day.On the balcony stand is not recommended - because of drafts and wind to take away the plant is too much moisture.
Blooming Buds on lemons appear at any time of the year.You can also judge by the characteristics of the flowering of how living conditions suit our pet.Only a normally developed flower - a large, 5 slightly colored rose petals, with a large number of stamens - is able to give life to a normal fetus.There may be strong falling of buds, besides the appearance of deformed flowers.This either means that the room temperature is too high or the soil overdried.In addition, as we already know, citrus fruits are very sensitive to drafts.If the room temperature is uneven, the plant begins to lose the ovary, buds, flowers and leaves.
multiply almost all citrus fruits can seed and vegetatively - by grafting.Vegetative propagation method is advantageous in that the plant begins to bear fruit relatively quickly.When the seed method, the appearance of the fruit can be expected no earlier than 8-10 years.
lemon seeds sown at any time of year, it is better fresh, in earthenware bowls with wet river sand or loose fertile land moistened mixture to a depth of 3-4 cm Seeds germinate in 3-5 weeks -. Providedthat the indoor temperature is maintained uniform - 18-22 ° C.When the seedlings to small (7-8 cm) will be 3-4 leaf, they should be transplanted into small pots with the next-zem lesmesyu:
1 part of the turf;
1 part leaf;
1 of the old pereprelogo mullein;
1 part sand.
1-2 weeks after planting in flower pots for seedlings can be grafted sapling cultural fruiting lemon (if it's summer), which will accelerate flowering and fruiting.
vaccinations are from June until the end of August - when the seedlings near the root collar thickness exceeds 7-8 mm, and if the bark is easily separated.
seedlings planted in pots or okulyantam (ie plants that are vaccinated) requires careful maintenance.Every day, 2 times a day, they are watered and protected from direct sunlight by shading and after a while make fertilizer.
Vaccination can be done on a biennial plant in May or August, when the plant produces new growth, and the bark is easily separated.On the one-two-year cut twig trees that already bear fruit, cut the leaves, leaving the stalks.Note - in the axils of the cuttings should be visible already blooming buds.With a sharp knife or razor blade to cut off part of the kidney cortex, or a small piece of wood under the kidney.
On rootstock whose trunk or branch is not thinner than a pencil, make a T-shaped incision.Bark gently bent rod or blunt blade towards the end.Then, under the bark of a bent stick shield with the kidney.Thus it is necessary to monitor closely so as not to insert the scion eye down.Vaccination tightly tie a thin ribbon of polyethylene fibers or crumbled Bast.Open left eye only - kidney.After 1.5-2 weeks stalk leaf, remaining near the eye should fall, this is an indication that the vaccine began.In the third week, when the bud swell, the bandage should weaken slightly, but can not be bothered to complete the vaccination seam fabrics.
Once the bud will sprout length of 10 cm, the bandage is removed, and all the branches of 5-7 cm above the graft is removed.Place cut obscure garden pitch or oil paint, or sprinkle with powdered charcoal.
Propagation by cuttings
To do this, take the young, mature (4-5 mm thick) vegetative shoots.It is necessary to observe the following rules of propagation:
length of the stalk with 4-5 buds should be 10-12 cm;
lower section made obliquely through the kidney (called a node);
top of the stalk are cut so that 2-3 cm under the left kidney;
2 lower sheet is cut and the upper 2-3 leaves.
At room conditions the cuttings can be planted in small wooden boxes (15-17 cm tall), or in clay bowls with sand or in small pots - they are covered with a glass jar
to retain moisture in the air.Dishes with cuttings is better to put on the indoor heat sinks to increase the temperature of the lower layer of sand.But it does not dry or the soil, or air - moistening them in time.
Before the fine roots stalk powered by substances present in the leaves and shoots.It absorbs little moisture and leaves it evaporate very rapidly.
To avoid falling off the leaves and reduce the rate of evaporation, it is necessary to make sure that the sand was wet all the time.And cuttings regularly sprayed with water and covered with glass or plastic wrap.
best temperature for rooting of cuttings - 18-25 ° C.With the advent of the roots (usually through 2.5-3 weeks) cuttings can lightly fertilize with a weak solution of ammonium nitrate - 5 g per 10 liters of water.Then, after 12-15 days, they should be planted in pots of greenhouse soil.Then they begin to grow rapidly, and after 3-4 months reach a height of 25-30 cm.
After some time, the root system opletet anyone, young seedlings can be transplanted back into a special soil mixture recommended above.The soil should be loose, with small lumps, light, with a good penetration power.Older trees require denser zemlesmesi.For this purpose, its composition add more sod land.Sometimes too dense and heavy zemlesmesi, due to the lack of air, the root system grows along the walls of the pot.
Excessive moisture inside of the coma sour or, conversely, by careless watering dry, water flows along the walls of the pot, not wetting the entire soil clod.The good zemlesmesi roots grow evenly, filling the whole pot, and with regular watering and feeding lemon normally grows and bears fruit.
lemons transplant from smaller to larger pots held at any time of the year.The main thing that it was done carefully, without violating the coma, with the addition of fresh zemlesmesi.