Sage (Salvia officinalis L.).
Latin name salvia - salvia - comes from "health" word or "salvation."One of Latin proverbs says:
Contra vim mortis
Crescit salvia in hortis.
(against the power of death is growing sage in the gardens.)
Most species of sage native to Asia Minor and the Mediterranean.The plant is known and appreciated many peoples of the ancient world, using it for centuries for healing and as a spice in cooking.Ancient Egyptians worshiped it as a remedy for infertility, in times of epidemics and wars, women were instructed to eat sage in food (to increase the body's defenses).The Greeks valued properties of sage strengthened senses, mental strength, the mind and restore memory.Famous Greek physicians Hippocrates and Dioscorides considered it a sacred herb and the most effective remedy for female infertility.Roman physicians recommended infusions of sage for digestive diseases, kidney, and menstrual irregularities.Fruits sage - peanuts - roasted and eaten with palpitations and dysentery.The crushed fresh leaves of s
applied for the healing to the wounds and tumors.The Druids believed that with the help of sage can resurrect to life.
Due to the Romans, the conquerors met with sage and other peoples of contemporary Europe, such as the ancient Britons.In England, still remained a lot of legends and superstitions associated with this plant.In the Middle Ages, and later it was used in the plots against witches.This plant has traditionally been hostile to the vine - vine tendrils turn away from him.Therefore the sage used to treat addiction to strong drinks.In the XVII century medical treatise cited this method help in case of poisoning: "Mix the crushed sage with cabbage and take a little, as will fit on the sixpenny coin, in the morning before eating."Infusions of sage has been treated and sore throat, fever, bleeding, healing wounds, taken for insomnia and fatigue, memory disorders.Fresh leaves rubbed on the teeth cleaning and whitening to the invention, tooth powder and paste.Sage, rosemary and how often scattered at the grave of the deceased as a sign that a long time will retain memories of him.Perhaps the symbol of longevity and sage became because, being ripped off, is able to maintain freshness for a long time.Break out of the land plant hung in the house, believing that it will report the truth about the health of those who left family and friends.
believed that sage grows best among the sages.And on another English legend, his most lush bushes grew in the garden of those women who are firmly held in their hands, and their economy, and her husband.The leaves of sage girl used in love divinations.To see reality her spouse or in a vision, it was necessary to disrupt the twelve leaves of sage at midnight on the eve of Ivanov Markov or day;at every blow tore hours on leaf - it should be done was so that they remain intact.Then ensure that you will see as a future bride comes to you from behind.
Incidentally, the ancient and medieval beliefs that Sage is able to help with memory disorders, is not unfounded.Now this property check plants in England with the help of scientific experiments.In the experimental volunteers regularly take clary sage oil, significantly improved mnemonic abilities in comparison with a control group of people who were given the usual vegetable oil.It is possible that on the basis of sage can be developed the drug, which returns the lost ability of imprinting information.This tool is essential Alzheimer's disease and other ailments associated with memory loss - and these patients in the world tens of millions.
Salvia officinalis - a perennial plant, spreading, but low -. 30 to 60 cm
root in Salvia officinalis powerful, woody, stems straight, branched, strongly leafy.The leaves are opposite, oblong, up to 8 cm;lower - petiolate, upper - sessile;have a grayish-bluish tinge, pubescent.Young leaves have strong pleasant aroma and bitter taste.
flowers are collected at 6-10 whorls, forming a loose spike inflorescence apical.Corolla bilabiate, painted in blue and purple, pink or white.Fruit consists of 4 round nuts dark brown or black.Sage blooms in May-July, the seeds ripen in August-September.This is an excellent honey plant.
Homeland medicinal sage - Mediterranean.It occurs in the European part of Russia, except for the northern regions, as well as in the Caucasus, in Siberia, in the mountains and foothills of Central Asia.It grows on dry slopes of hills and mountains, on the edges of forests, in gardens, along roads and riverbanks.Cultivated in specialized farms of Moldova, Ukraine, Krasnodar Territory, in the Crimea, the Northern Caucasus.