Salvia in the garden and on the windowsill
In central Russia are grown perennial sage most often as two or three years of culture (carefully hiding in the winter), at least - as an annual.Propagation is by sowing seeds in early spring directly into the ground.Flowering sage in the second year of life in May for harvesting the leaves begin as early as the end of the first season, in September.Sage light- and heat-loving, drought-resistant, can not stand water stagnation.Do not place it adjacent to the public road: on the wrinkled, slightly hilly leaves the dust settles, which is then difficult to remove.
Grow Salvia officinalis as possible and in the garden area, and on the balcony at home on a window sill.The plant is quite unpretentious.It is only important to provide him with good lighting and not too acidic soil.To obtain high-quality medicinal raw materials, pull the sage in his apothecary garden sunny area with loose, fertile, humus-rich soil.Pre-liming can be carried out;fresh manure introduced under the predecessor culture.
sage can multiply and seeds, and seedlings, but also dividing the bush and cuttings.Sow seeds in late autumn (in the first half of November - so that before the winter they do not have time to germinate) or early spring (late April - early May).Sown to a depth of 3-5 cm between rows do 50-60 cm width If sowing can be made in each well of organo-mineral fertilizer -. 0.5-1 kg decomposed manure or compost to 3-5 g of complex mineral fertilizers.The optimum temperature for germination 20-25 ° C, while the maximum germination rate will be - up to 75%.At lower temperatures and germination will be low - for example, at 5 ° C rise only 15% of the seeds.They usually germinate in 15-30 days.Crops need to be protected from the wind.On sage seedlings seeds sown for 40-50 days before transplanting it into the open ground.
seedlings develop slowly.In the first year plant produces only a rosette of basal leaves;and harvest healthful raw shoot better in a year - while the bush reaches a height of 30-60 cm As the maturation plant produces a lot of new shoots in the lower part they begin lignificated..Therefore, in order to stimulate the formation of green mass, each year the bushes "rejuvenate".For this lignified part pruned to a height of 5 cm from the ground.With this pruning one plant can build up to 100 well-leafy shoots.Bushes are blooming in June and bloom for a long time - about 2 months.
Care sage simple: Regular weeding, hoeing between the rows.Fertilizing give 2 times in the summer - at the beginning of regrowth shoots, and during budding.Use diluted manure (1:10) or a combined mineral fertilizers at the rate of 15-20 g per square meter.m.
When his relative unpretentiousness sage still plant heat-loving.In winter the plants need to cover.Seeds ripen only in the southern regions (eg, in the Krasnodar region);in the middle lane - only in a very hot summer, or when grown in a very sunny location.Seed experienced growers are advised to stock up for future use.
Many species of sage are very decorative, as characterized by various shades of leaves and colored flowers.Now you can find variety with dark red, yellow and green leaves or with a beautiful golden border around the edge of the leaf blade.They perfectly decorate your garden - in the form of individual compositions, the so-called "mix-curb" or as a border planting in with other medicinal plants.But grown in Sage recommended one place not more than 6 years.
for growing in pots and vases are recommended fine short and compact form of sage.They are perfect for decorating the balconies.Clary Sage Salvia officinalis and winter are grown in ambient conditions for cutting - steps are the same as for the cultivation of other spicy and aromatic plants in enclosed spaces, such as peppermint or lemon balm.
healing raw materials collection and storage
Sage collected and harvested during flowering, preferably in the morning.The leaves are harvested 2-3 times during the summer, from the time of flowering and until the autumn, but no later than September.In the first years of life of the plant it is recommended to pluck only the lower leaves, and in the future - all the leaves and shoot tips.
Before drying raw materials are browsing removed accidentally fallen lower coarse stems, leaves browned.
Dried material in air, in the shade, in well ventilated areas;this can be done in an oven or in a furnace at a temperature not exceeding 50-60 ° C.Store medicinal leaves in glass jars in a cool, dry place;Shelf life - 2 years.