Eucalyptus

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Eucalyptus spherical (Eucaliptus globulus Lab.)

Homeland of evergreen tree - Australia, there are several hundred species of eucalyptus, it is found in the wild in Tasmania.Extensive genus eucalyptus includes very high straight-trunk species {regal and a giant, growing in humid climates), and low-growing shrubs that live in the deserts of Central Australia.Eucalyptus snegolyubivy - a gnarled tree that lives in the highlands of the green continent.

At home Eucalyptus globulus - a real giant, individual instances reach a height of 160 m This is higher than the spire of the Peter and Paul Fortress.!

all surprising in these unusual trees - and the rapid growth and huge size, and smooth trunks - and perfectly straight so thick that dozens of people are free to stay in the hollow of an old eucalyptus.During the year, the Australian giant adds in growth of 5 meters!The eucalyptus forest is always clean air with a special aroma, and the trees, as it were specially planted at the same distance from each oth

er.This forest is always sunny, you will not see it in the shade.This is due to the fact that eucalyptus leaves has always turned to the edge of the sun, and the sun's rays slipping through them.Thanks to this feature, the leaves do not overheat, do not spend in vain moisture, it does not evaporate from the surface of the leaf blade.

For eucalyptus heterophyllous characteristic: you can see the leaves of different shapes on the same tree.On young shoots are ovate, placed opposite, heart-shaped at the base;color bluish young leaves, they are soft, covered with a thick layer of wax.On older branches, around the third or fourth year of life, they become regular, elongated, more rigid, leathery.Typical mature eucalyptus leaves - narrow lanceolate form serpovid-novognutye, korotkocherenkovye.These are the leaves and placed edge to the sun.

Although eucalyptus plant is evergreen, fall (for the southern hemisphere in March), it "changes its skin."Dried bark turns brown in the hot sun, its top layer swells bubbles, folds, and these rags fall to the ground.Trunks after such "koropada" become smooth, slightly greenish or yellow, and sometimes bluish.It is very unusual and the wood itself - in different species of wood it may be white, yellow, red, with all sorts of shades and patterns of layers.

flowers eucalyptus quite plain in appearance, but very interesting, as well as all parts of this plant.Flower bud covered fused with woody perianth petals - a lid;when the flower blooms, this cap falls to the ground, and instead nondescript corolla is beautiful lush brush of long stamens (they come in different colors - white, pink, bright red, yellow).The name of the tree is obtained thanks to this feature: from the Greek words "eu" - a beautiful and "Kalipa-tos" - closed.Bloom this giant begins on the third to fifth year of life, in the autumn;seeds ripen only in 1.5-2 years.

fruit of eucalyptus - a kind of four-sided box with a cross-shaped opening at the top, like a bell.

For therapeutic purposes, use the leaves, young shoots and bark of Eucalyptus globulus and eucalyptus leaves ashy and switchgrass.To obtain the essential oil is used fresh one- or three-year shoots of eucalyptus leaves.Collect them in a dormant period (October-April).

After collecting the leaves are dried on racks in rooms with good ventilation, sprinkling them with a layer up to 10 cm thick, with occasional stirring, or in a dryer at a temperature not higher than 40 ° C.

From the leaves are prepared infusions and decoctions, alcohol tincture, oilextraction preparatyhloro-fillipt, evkatol.Eucalyptus oil is a part of complex therapeutic agents, for example Ingalipt, Ingakamf, Efkamon, well known to all pektusina etc. Meet the medicinal raw materials of eucalyptus in the pharmacy can be in various forms -. As a dry sheet to homemade concoctions and infusions in the form of tinctures,.. essential oils, sprays, tablets, lozenges, cough drops, etc.

Essential oils of eucalyptus, obtained for the perfume industry, contain strong fragrances geraniol, citronellal, limonene and have a peculiar, very pleasant smells - from lemon to flavor rose.

Contraindications to the use of eucalyptus

drugs When used eucalyptus products both internally and externally (when used correctly and dosages) harmful side effects were detected.For example, eucalyptus oil does not cause irritation of the renal pelvis, even those suffering from nephritis.And yet, as we have repeatedly warned, in the application of any drug, both synthetic and vegetable, it can manifest

individual hypersensitivity, allergic reactions.For external use can occur irritation of the skin.

Before you begin treatment with eucalyptus oil and drugs with him, it is necessary to check the individual sensitivity to this method.

not recommend taking drugs inside eucalyptus children under 2 years of age, adults with severe lesions of the liver and kidneys.Inhalation not recommended suffering from bronchial asthma, bronchospasm, and whooping cough.Treatment of essential oil of eucalyptus, as well as other aromatic plant oils in pregnancy is carried out with great care, need to consult a qualified aromatherapist.

it possible to grow eucalyptus House

Yes, you can, many fans of indoor flower doing it quite successfully, even in the conventional small-sized apartments.You just need to choose the right kind of eucalyptus.In confined spaces often grown Gukni eucalyptus (Eucalyptus gunnii) and lemon eucalyptus (Eucalyptus citriodora).This low-growing, slow-growing species.Even in the wild, at home, adult specimens reach a height of only 1.5 m. With the planting material you will have no problems.In the large flower shops you can buy and the seeds and young seedlings ready.In your apartment through phytoncides eucalyptus will always be fresh and clean air, and medicinal raw materials for inhalation and rinse in case of need is always at hand.

All kinds of eucalyptus, even the giant, the seeds are very small.Germination they keep very long, so the crop is usually always germinate.For sowing prepare clay pots, which are filled with light humus soil mixed with sand.Seeds are sown on the surface of moist soil mixture and lightly pressed.Crops are kept at a temperature of about 18 ° C.The watering is not recommended during the first 3-4 days.Seedlings usually appear in 5-10 days.At this time, we should be very careful and attentive - young eucalyptus seedlings can not tolerate excessive moisture of the soil and the air, require a lot of light.If the room is poorly ventilated, the seedlings can be covered with mold and die.

When the seedlings reach a height of 3-3.5 cm and have them bloom on leaf 4, they should be transplanted into pots -. 15 cm high and 10 cm in diameter Roots is not terminated and do not hold a long time without landing, otherwise they maydry up.

After transplantation provide first adequate watering, but then again, not watered plants 3-4 days.In the future, young evkaliptiki can be watered every day - so that the soil was

moist, but not wet.After 3-4 weeks after they get stronger enough, they can be transferred to a permanent place of residence, under the direct rays of the sun.For good growth and development of domestic eucalyptus need full daylight, so suitable only windows facing south and south-east.

Caring for older trees uncomplicated.In summer they are watered abundantly, in the winter, as well as many other houseplants, very carefully.It is important not to pour eucalyptus, but also to prevent drying out, otherwise it may dry out the growing tip of the stem.The optimum temperature for the contents of + 16-18 ° C, in the winter may be cooler - + 12-15 ° C.

From April to August can be once every 2 weeks to give fertilizer complex mineral fertilizer for houseplants.

eucalyptus Transplanted annually, then every 2-3 years, with new dishes should not be too large.Soil mixture made from 2 pieces of turf, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat land and 1 part sand.

pests and diseases, our Australian giant little affected - and in vivo, and when grown indoors.It is worth remembering, of course, about the risk of contracting the most common enemies of houseplants - a shield aphids and spider mites.Most often, these pests are recorded by the new plants or cuttings.There are modern drugs to fight them,