Useful and therapeutic properties of apricot
tree 5-7 m in height.
cultivated in the south of the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, in Central Asia.
Medicinal raw materials are the bones from which the oil.In medical practice used fruits, seeds, and arabic.
fruit pulp contains from 4.7 to 27% of sugar (in the ripe fruit dominates sucrose), a small amount of deksitrina, inulin and starch, malic acid, citric acid, tartaric and traces of salicylic acid, pectin.Fruits contain a lot of provitamin A, which gives them an orange color, nicotinic acid, vitamins B15 and C. Apricots are rich in potassium salts.In the fresh fruit contains 305 mg% of potassium, dried at 1717 mg%.
seeds contain from 35 to 60% non-drying fatty oil which is close in chemical composition to the peach has a low acidity, and a small viscosity.The seeds also contain glycoside amygdalin, emulsin enzymes, lactose and prussic acid.
Due to the rich content of potassium salts in the pulp of apricots is recommended to use in diseases of the cardiovascular system, for example, incl
Apricots can also be used as a source of provitamin A, vitamin B15 and PP.However, to take the apricots for the treatment and prevention of vitamin deficiency and hypovitaminosis of vitamin A in liver disease and lowered thyroid function should not be, because the con
tained in apricots provitamin A (carotene) at the specified diseases is not absorbed, and therefore appropriate to appoint a sick pure vitamin A.
The use of apricots from the high sugar content should be restricted to patients with diabetes mellitus.
Pharmacopoeia may be used instead of apricot seeds seeds of bitter almonds to cook bitter almond water due to the content in them, as well as the seeds of bitter almonds, glycoside amygdalin and enzyme emulsin.Glycoside amygdalin and its enzyme cleaves emulsin are separated.With good chewing it is their interaction, resulting in the formation prussic acid, which is a strong poison for the body.There have been cases of poisoning in the use of large amounts of apricot seeds.
The Chinese national medicine the seeds are used as a sedative for coughs, hiccups.In China, recommend taking them in combination with other herbs for bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, whooping cough, nephritis.Seeds to be consumed in the form of an emulsion, which is prepared from 20-30 g of seeds.
Speakers of natural fractures apricot trees sinters dry up in the air, forming a so-called apricot gum.Milled to a powder (white or yellow) gum is used in medicine as a full replacement of imported gum arabic.By emulsifying ability, durability cooked thereon oil emulsions and toughness it outperforms acacia.Drink apricot gum for cooking oil emulsions, and sometimes as a coating agent.