family Araceae - Agaseae
«yariodovoe name comes from the Greek - a plant with a creeping rhizome.Species definition is derived from the Greek kalamos - reed, cane, because of the similarities with the latter.
Botanical description .Perennial herb, up to 120 cm, with horizontal, branched rhizome, which depart from the adventitious roots, as well as line-sword-shaped leaves and erect stems flattened.Leaves entire, linear with parallel venation, bare.At the base, they expanded into leaf sheaths that remain on the rhizome in a filmy scales.The flowers are small, inconspicuous, collected in a cylindrical-conical ear equipped sheeted wing which color and shape is no different from the basal leaves.Perianth simple, six-membered, stamens 6. They are situated opposite the petals.Pestle with the top one, trehgnezdnaya ovary and sessile stigma.In terms of our klymata not bear fruit, and propagated vegetatively - rhizomes pieces.It blooms from late May to July.From other monocots different kind of smell rhizom
Geographical distribution. Air in large numbers entered into our country during the Mongol invasion.Crossing over the river, the invaders threw them pieces of rhizomes of live plants, considering that there is, where it grows sweet flag, the water is suitable for drinking.Passage rhizomes nailed to the shore, they take root, forming thickets.
growing in the middle zone of the European part and the south of Siberia, Belarus and Ukraine, which produces billets.
This coastal aquatic plant growing in the quiet backwaters of rivers, on their shores, in streams, lakes and ponds, in boggy soils in the river valleys.
collection and drying. rhizomes collected in autumn, pulling them to the bank of the muddy soil rakes, shovels dug off the coast, in the swamps - a pitchfork.When harvesting the plants on the rivers of half of the group should be left to restore the bush.Pieces of rhizomes, are separating at digging, and carried away by water, nailing to the bank, give rise to new bush.
rhizomes are washed with water, cut off the roots of a knife, remove the remnants of leaf sheaths, cut into straight pieces length 10-20 cm, very thick cut lengthwise, withered in the air, and then dried in attics, in a well-ventilated room or dryer at a temperature of 25thirty.So get second-class raw materials, which are used in medicine.For the food industry harvest rhizomes first grade, before drying them relieve from the tube.This feed contains less essential oil in medicine is rarely used.
Medicinal raw .Ready raw material - calamus rhizome (Rhizoma Calami) consists of a cylindrical, slightly flattened untreated rhizomes to 30 cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm thick They are lightweight, straight or curved, sometimes branched, often cut along..Outside, yellowish-brown, in a break brownish pink, sometimes with yellow or greenish tinge, but not brown.On the upper side of the semilunar rhizomes visible brownish scars corresponding sites of a modified underground stem and the bottom side - numerous small round marks severed roots.The smell is strong, bitter taste.
If we consider the transverse fracture rhizome under a magnifying glass, one can see the basic structure of the spongy tissue (parenchyma), since it is well-developed aquatic plant Aerenchyma (air parenchyma), stocking up on air.The naked eye can detect a plurality of conductive beams.
chemical composition. rhizome contain essential oil, which is composed of a variety of terpenoids (beta-elements, kalakon and akoron, its isomers izoakoron and neakoron, kadalatrien, pinene, Calif, camphor borneol, are eugenol, methyl eugenol, caryophyllene, proazulen), bitter glycoside akorin, tannins, and 150 mg / 100 g of ascorbic acid.
Action and use .Bitter substances sweet, irritating the end of the taste buds, a reflex increase the secretion of gastric juice, increase the content of hydrochloric acid in it.In small doses, and p is the opposite effect.Essential oil increases peristalsis, which accelerates the mass promotion of food through the intestines.In addition, it increases the bitterness zhelchnovydelitelnuyu liver function, the tone of the gall bladder;a diuretic.Terpenoids have anti-inflammatory effects, as well as toning the oppression of the central nervous system.Calamus rhizome is used for diseases of the stomach, accompanied by a decrease in gastric acid secretion (anatsidnyh and gipatsidnyh gastritis, peptic ulcer disease), as well as colitis, hepatitis, cholecystitis.To this end, preparing infusions and decoctions of 10.0-15.0 g of raw materials to 200.0 g of water and take 2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day for 20 to 30 minutes before eating.
also applied internally as a means of stimulating appetite and improving digestion.
essential oil components, irritating the sensitive receptors when used topically, promote the expansion of blood vessels in the skin, which favors the strengthening of the hair and the more rapid growth of them.
Powder calamus rhizome is part of the tablets "Vikair" and "Vikalin", widely used for the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastritis with high acidity and sliced roots include the fees prescribed for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases.
rhizome and essential oils are used in perfumery and cosmetics industry.
Rhizome thick, in white, spongy, branched, creeping, seated below numerous roots.Flower stalk with triangular grooves on the inside.The leaves are bright yellow, collected individual beams on the endings branching rhizomes.The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, collected in the ear.It blooms from late May to July.
used rhizomes (root Ahearn), dug out in autumn or early winter, when the water level drops.The smell of fragrant, spicy and bitter taste.
occurs AIR thickets to the swamps, on the banks of rivers and lakes in the middle and southern parts of Russia.
Whole plant (especially the rhizome) contains an essential oil consisting of pinene, camphene, camphor, borneol, eugenol and others., Glycosyl akoron, alkaloid-kalyalin, ascorbic acid, tannins, mucilage, starch, volatile.
In medicine, calamus is used as the bitterness to excite the appetite, improve digestion, better flatus of bowel, for toning central nervous system in its oppression, as an expectorant;t. e. akorin increases excitability to the taste irritation and enhances the reflex secretion of gastric juice.A decoction of the roots increases the secretion of hydrochloric acid, especially in patients with decreased secretion of gastric contents.
established that the plant extract is analgesia, and reduces blood pressure.
In folk medicine use rhizome as decoctions, infusions (in cold water), tinctures, and sometimes in the form of a powder for internal use.Drink in liver disease, bladder, nervous diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, fever;rheumatism drink alcohol tincture and rub the sore spots, broth and milk given to children with epilepsy, chew with heartburn, toothache;with female diseases makes syringing water decoction;and aqueous decoction wash the head to strengthen the hair, drinking from lichens and wash the affected area, in intermittent fever is administered orally, powder sprinkled putrid wounds.
These drugs are also used in jaundice, malaria, scrofula, exudative diathesis, rickets, scurvy.In diseases of the kidneys and the bladder (inflammation) use them not only inside but also applied topically in the form sitz baths, which are used not only rhizomes and leaves of the plant.
Powdered rhizome is taken orally (heartburn, inflammation of the kidneys and bladder) and externally, mixing in it, such as tooth powder.This application replaces the powder rinse decoction of the roots.It is especially necessary to strengthen the gums when alveolar Pioro and other kinds of loosening of the gums.
very useful to introduce the rhizome of sweet flag of the teas from rickets and scrofula.Willingly apply it to people in a mixture of burdock root and marigold flowers to wash it as a remedy for hair loss.It is used at a lower acidity and gastric ulcer.Dry and store the rhizome, pre-clearing them.
infusion, decoction is used for diseases of the biliary tract, kidney stones, and malaria.
infusion or decoction is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp.a spoonful of chopped dried rhizomes pour a glass of cold water (infusion) or boiling water (broth).Rhizomes insist for 8 hours, the broth - 20 minutes;take 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day before meals.
Tincture: 20 g of crushed roots per 100 ml of alcohol or vodka, insist for 8 hours in a warm place, often shaking;filter and ingest 20 drops 3 times a day.By the aching tooth tincture put on fleece.
tincture Calamus rhizomes and prepares as follows: 20 g of calamus 100 ml of 40-degree alcohol, insist 2 weeks, filter, wring out, filtered, stored in a cool dark place in a dark bottle.
Take 15-30 drops 2-3 times a day before meals.
is used for the treatment of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, ahilii, diarrhea.Less commonly used for cholecystitis, hepatitis, kidney stone disease.
tincture Calamus ulcer
Next tincture is also great is useful to you in case you are suffering from duodenal ulcer or stomach, chronic gastritis, diarrhea of various origins and from ahilii.
also sometimes used to treat cholecystitis, kidney stones, and all types of hepatitis.
Wanted: 5 parts of a 40% ordinary vodka, 1 part calamus rhizomes.
Method. shredded calamus mixed with vodka and infuse it in a dark glass container in a dark place for 14 days.After this, the infusion is filtered and stored in a bottle of dark glass in a dark and cool place.
application method. dose for an adult patient - 15-30 drops 2-3 times a day before meals.
root tincture Calamus with farsightedness
2 tbsp.chopped roots calamus, 250 ml of vodka.
roots pour vodka and infuse for 8 days.
Take tincture 3 times daily 20 drops before the meal.
To use infusions of lemongrass and Calamus have contra-indications: diseases of the stomach, insomnia, diseases of the cardiovascular system, including hypertension and coronary heart disease.
Infusion of calamus
Wanted: 50 g of crushed rhizome of calamus, 40 g of crushed rhizome erect cinquefoil, 40 g of calendula flowers, 1 cup of beer.
Method.1 tbsp.l.collection pour a glass of hot beer, insist 2 hours and strain.
application method.Take 1 / 4-1 / 3 cup 3 times a day with coronary heart disease.
Infusion Calamus in infectious mononucleosis
1 teaspoon of rhizomes calamus, 250 ml of water.
rhizome pour boiling water, to insist 20 minutes, then strain.
Take 1/2 cup 4 times a day for 30 minutes before eating.
recommended to ingest 30 drops of echinacea tincture 3 times a day with meals.Admission Echinacea stimulates the immune system.
decoction of the root calamus with urolithiasis
2 tbsp.spoon calamus root, 2 cups of honey.
root crush, mix with honey, heated for 10 minutes in a water bath.
2 tbsp.spoon calamus root, 250 ml of water.
Root chop, pour boiling water, boil for 15 minutes in a water bath, infuse for 1 hour, drain.
mixture of hair loss (external agent) : Calamus rhizome - 20 g, burdock root - 20 g, marigold flowers - 10 g, hop cones - 15 g All of this mix, brew in 1 liter of boiling water and apply to wethead for the night.
tincture, according to Chinese doctors, improves eyesight and hearing.Chew root during epidemics of cholera and typhus Spaniard.