Useful and therapeutic properties of marshmallow or marshmallow

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Perennial herb 1-1.5 m in height.Rhizome thick, short, with a lobe verevkovidnyh brownish-yellow roots.Stem erect, branched.Leaves

alternate with caducous stipules, dlinnoche-reshkovye, gray-green, heart-shaped or ovate, myagkovoylochnye, pubescent, margin irregularly crenate-serrate, upper almost three-lobed.The flowers are quite large (up to 2 cm), pale pink, gathered in the leaf axils.The fruit float, decays into a significant number of one-term fruitlets.It blooms from June to September.Medicinal raw materials are roots.

Roots harvested in autumn or early spring.The main stem lignified root is usually discarded and left only neodrevesnevshie, looser and young lateral roots, as well as radical growths, called lobes;the latter is particularly effective therapeutic effect in dysentery.The root of the marshmallow tasteless, it has the peculiarity that when chewing his or dilution of powdered root of water is released a lot of mucus.

roots are dug, cleaned off the ground, the stems and rhizomes, quick

ly washed in cold water, air provyalivayut 2-3 days and finally dried in furnaces or kilns at temperatures not exceeding 40 degrees (otherwise the roots will darken).Store in a dry and well-ventilated area, t. To. Raw easily absorbs moisture, dampen and moldy.Shelf life 3 years.The marshmallow

roots contain mucous material - up to 35% starch - 37%, asparagine, detain, sucrose, pectin, fatty oil - up to 10%.The leaves and flowers - an essential oil firm.

mainly due to mucus marshmallow has anti-inflammatory, emollient and expectorant.

Used mostly in inflammatory diseases of the airways in the form of infusion (1:20), served cold way, as well as finished dosage forms (dry and liquid extract) and as part of various charges.

In scientific medicine marshmallow drugs used as anti-inflammatory, enveloping, expectorant and emollient for inflammation of respiratory tract

enforcement, as well as diarrhea, acute gastritis, enterocolitis.Due to the presence of mucus marshmallow slows the absorption of both substances assigned to him and thus prolongs their action.

Drugs Marshmallow particularly indicated in pediatric practice for coughs, whooping cough.Biennial root bark is used successfully in diseases of the urinary organs, stomach ulcers, diarrhea.

infusion is prepared by cold way: 6-8 g of crushed root pour 200 ml of cold water for an hour, strain through cheesecloth, add sugar or honey.Take 20 grams every 2 hours.When inflammation of the gums, tonsils and pharynx used in the form of hot infusion for rinsing.

plant is recommended as a good therapeutic agent for the home kit.

recommended a decoction of the roots, seeds and leaves as an expectorant, emollient for coughs, pneumonia, pleurisy, hemoptysis, bladder stones, difficulty urinating and even tumors.

In Russian folk medicine, marshmallow root used in catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, flu, sore throat, jaundice, urinary incontinence, and cholera;externally - for gargling and rinsing with the inflammation and ulceration of the mucous membranes (mouth, nose, genitals), the flu, sore throat.

Application

Infusion: Take 5 pieces of crushed root per 100 parts of cold water, leave for 30 minutes, then strain and pour.The resulting slime is ready for use.

decoction: take one teaspoon of minced root (6 g) part-time or full glass of boiling water (180 ml) and infuse for 10-15 minutes.Broth use for adults - 1 tbsp.spoonful every two hours, the children -. 1 teaspoon four to five times a day.

powder: the people are pre-prepared powder of marshmallow root, 2 g of which are bred tep

lukewarm water, bringing to the consistency of liquid sour cream.The resulting mucus can take unstrained.Domestic

extract: the broth is poured into the pot marshmallow root (10 g per 200 ml), covered with a lid, and a test of its obscure evaporated to half Russian furnace.Serving for 2 hours. The spoon 3 times a day.

Homemade syrup: first, make sugar syrup of 64 parts of refined sugar and 35 parts water;after this dense solution boils, it is added in 4 parts of the above extract.Drink half a cup three times a day.

recommended to always add broth marshmallow on liquid glass of 2-3 h. Tablespoons of pure honey.

substitutes marshmallow mallow is a forest (malva sylvestris), medicinal properties which are somewhat weaker.

Together with marshmallow in larger quantities grows marshmallow Armenian.Its chemical composition and medicinal properties similar to the first.Gosfarmakopeey he is allowed to use.

On the banks of the Kuban River meets marshmallow-tsielistny Brusson.Its roots and rhizomes developed and slime abound, like the marshmallow.

With medical purpose used rhizomes and roots of the age of two.Sometimes applied flowers and leaves.

raw materials harvested in the early spring or fall.Roots dug from the earth purified, cut into pieces of 20 cm. After wilting roots purified from cortex.Thicker are split into 2-4 pieces along and dried in a well ventilated room or in a dryer at a temperature not exceeding 40 degrees.

roots contain up to 35% special mucus (the main active substance), starch, pectin, sugar, asparagine, phosphoric and malic acid, a fatty oil and some salt.

Applied inside water extracts of roots in catarrhal conditions of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract as an emollient and soothing agent;how

enveloping - with an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.Root Powder is to prepare pilyulnoy mass.Althaea used in veterinary medicine.

roots of marshmallow are to prepare the so-called breast-gathering and alteyskogo syrup.

Note.10 g of crushed root Althea brussonetsielistnogo pour a glass of water at room temperature and insist hour, filter and take 1 tbsp.spoon every 2 hours.