Useful and therapeutic properties amaevicha

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

Rhode biennial plants Umbelliferae family.There are several species growing in the Mediterranean.In a culture as a medicinal annual plant two kinds of common - Ammi majus and ammi tooth.Taproot slabovetvyaschiysya;stalk round melkoborozdchaty;Leaves are alternate, doubly or trizhdype-ristorassechennye.Inflorescence - cyme.Flowers small, bisexual.Fruit - dvusemyanki.It grows in solonetzic

steppes, on dry slopes, as well as a weed in crops.Cultivated in Russia.

Ammi large height 100-140 cm (a wild 50-70 cm).Inflorescence 10-15 cm in diameter.Rays umbrellas in the amount of 50-55 bare, 2-7 cm long, with a wrap of some pointy leaves.Pestle, two with non-ktarnym disc at the bottom.Ovary lower, bilocular.Stamens usually 5, at the extreme lower flowers.Fruit - dvusemyanki broadly shape, laterally compressed, naked, smooth.Seeds 2-5 mm long, 0.6-1 mm wide, ribbed.In the Krasnodar Territory in bloom in June and July, the fruits ripen in July and August.Crop harvested by combines in the ripening period 50-60% o

f the fruit on the central umbels plants.

Medicinal raw materials are the fruits.They contain izopimpinellin, marmezin, ksintotoksin, bergapten belonging to the group furokumarinov and promotes faster skin pigmentation.

As a medicinal plant Ammi majus is known from the XIII century, Arabs used it to treat skin disease dispigmentation - vitiligo.In medicine, based on a large set of raw materials ammi drugs ammifurin meladinin and for the treatment of vitiligo and kruglovidnoy baldness.

ammifurin drug in the form of an ointment for the treatment offered leykodermii.

ammi tooth - silnovetvistoe plant up to 130 cm (usually 45-100 cm).Inflorescence 20-25 cm in diameter, composed of 30-100 rays 2-8 cm long. The flowers are small, with an unpleasant odor, bisexual, with five white petals.Stamens 2-5 bilocular with pink anthers.The pistil consists of two carpels fused with the receptacle.Two columns.Fruit - dvusemyanki, splits into two poluplodika, ovoid, smooth.Seeds elongated oblong with five ribs.Flowers in June-August, fruits ripen in September-October.

In the CIS ammi tooth occasionally found in the Caucasus (mainly in Azerbaijan).Grown in the Crimea.

0,41% nitrogenous substances 0,51-0,72% of acids (mainly citric and sometimes it only), vitamin C (40 mg%), bromelain, potassium salt (321 mg%) and copper (% 8.3 mg per 1 kg of the edible part).Drink stems in a fresh and canned form.Pineapple juice contains bromelain - a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain, possessing anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous action.The juice is recommended for gastro-intestinal diseases, liver, cardiovascular system, kidneys and anemia, to improve digestion (eating, however, should be restricted when ulcers and gastritis with high acidity of gastric juice).Pineapple juice - an excellent antiscorbutic.In homeopathy, the pineapple is prescribed for functional disorders of the nervous system.In India, as a sedative used the juice from the leaves of the pineapple.