Useful and therapeutic properties of black elderberry

August 12, 2017 17:59 | Drug Plants

perennial plant, shrub or tree up to 3-10 m tall.The trunk and branches gray, with lenticels on the bark.The leaves are opposite, petiolate, pinnate, leaflets 5-7 pairs, oblong, white, many-in flaps.The flowers are small, fragrant, yellowish-white in many-shields.Fruit black and purple, yagodovidny.

black elderberry grows in the middle belt of the European part of Russia and in the Southeast, it is sometimes found as a wild plant in deciduous forests, forest edges.Sometimes cultivated in gardens and parks.

In scientific medicine Medicinal raw materials are the blossoms and fruits, dried in ovens or dryers.Shelf life 2 years.

In folk medicine, medicinal raw materials are bark of elderberry, root, leaves, flowers and fruits.Protect from moisture.

The inflorescences elderberries contains mucous substances, malic, acetic and valeric acid-parafinopo-like substance, a solid essential oil, and a terpene glycoside has sudorific action, there are indications of the content of rutin.

The fruits of elderberry

is 2.8% of glucose, 2.5% fructose, 1.1% of the free acids (mainly apple) and 0.31% of tannins.Unripe fruits and elderberry leaves contain a poisonous glycoside sambunigrin (decomposes into hydrocyanic acid and benzaldehyde).Dried leaves contain vitamin A.

Flowers, flower buds and the dried elderberries are used in medical practice as a tincture (1:10).

infusion or tea made from elderberry flowers: 1 tbsp.a spoonful of flowers per cup of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, then strain;appoint 1/2 cup 15 minutes before meals 3 times a day as a diuretic, diaphoretic and astringent.The infusion of dried elderberry (1:10) improves bile-selection enhances diuresis, promotes intestinal contents.

recommended elderberry preparations with laryngitis, bronchitis, influenza, neuralgia, as well as in diseases of the kidneys and the bladder;also used for rinsing the mouth as an anti-inflammatory.

inflorescence elder part of the sweatshop, laxatives and diuretics fees.From the dried berries are prepared jelly, which is used as a laxative.In folk medicine, especially prized flowers elderberry as a diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and laxative.

How diaphoretic drugs from black elderberry use in bronchitis (with rattling in the chest and dry cough), fever, rheumatism, arthritis (rheumatic and arthritic) and the presence of sand in the kidneys.

Preparations of black elderberry is also used as a laxative for constipation and as an anesthetic with strong abdominal pains.In the latter case it is better to make a decoction of young leaves with honey or honey plant leaves in broth (take 1 tbsp. Of honey in a glass of broth).

external preparation of the elderberry is used for rinsing and lotions with angina and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth

, diseases of the eye and ear, rheumatic pains, gout, as well as the presence of hemorrhoids.To relieve pain, apply to the sore spot fresh elderberry leaves.

berries and roots elderberry as a diuretic is recommended to use in dropsy, dysentery, diabetes, diseases of the kidneys and bladder.They soothe the pain in the abdomen.In addition, a decoction of the roots and leaves and flowers into use at the wrong metabolism (skin diseases), and berries with leaves and flowers - for diarrhea.

elderberry bark (with roots) is recommended for internal use for kidney disease, dropsy and diabetes, but more effective is the root of the elderberry grass.

External elderberry used for erysipelas, which take two-year shoots are removed (scraped), the upper gray patina crust, cleaned up the wood bark scalded with boiling water, or better still hot hemp milk (see. Below) and on several occasions applied to the wound siteuntil held inflammation.

Young leaves of an elder black, slightly boiled in milk, is used to treat inflammation, baked, and even diaper rash seats.The decoction of elder flowers is recommended to add honey.


decoction of black elderberry flowers (in all cases): 1 tbsp.spoon flowers per cup of boiling water;eat into 1/4 cup (preferably with honey) 3-4 times a day for 15 minutes before eating.

leaves and roots are boiled in the same;use 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.When boiling the leaves with honey to a glass of broth is added 1 h. Spoon (you can 1 tbsp. Spoonful) of honey for kidney disease, edema, diabetes.

berries are consumed as a tea, jelly, jam or preserves and syrup.The syrup is prepared as follows: from steamed berries squeezed juice, mixed with the finished sugar syrup and boil.

root (without the other. Plant parts) are boiled rarely, if therefrom and preparing broth, the same as from the leaves.

Cora (young shoots) for internal use boiled so: take 6-8 g of powdered bark (bark powder - 4-5 g) to two cups of boiling water, floating in the oven for 5-6 hours (powder - for 2-3 hours) and use half a cup of five to six times a day (this is especially useful when starting edema).

Hemp milk, drink bark black elderberry for outdoor use, are prepared as follows: a well-pounded hemp seed brewed with boiling water (two parts of the seed take one part water), squeeze out under pressure (or sokodavkoy) and while it is still hot, scaldedthey elderberry bark (for protivorozhis-ies lotions).

For colds, wheezing in the chest and dry cough drink 3 cups a day of hot infusion of elder flowers in a dose of approximately 20 g per 1 liter of water.It is recommended to stay in bed.This infusion tea drinking as a blood-purifying agent, as well as rheumatism, gout and arthritis.